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Title: Magnetar-like X-Ray Bursts Suppress Pulsar Radio Emission

Abstract

Rotation-powered pulsars and magnetars are two different observational manifestations of neutron stars: rotation-powered pulsars are rapidly spinning objects that are mostly observed as pulsating radio sources, while magnetars, neutron stars with the highest known magnetic fields, often emit short-duration X-ray bursts. In this work, we report simultaneous observations of the high-magnetic-field radio pulsar PSR J1119-6127 at X-ray, with XMM-Newton and NuSTAR, and at radio energies with the Parkes radio telescope, during a period of magnetar-like bursts. The rotationally powered radio emission shuts off coincident with the occurrence of multiple X-ray bursts and recovers on a timescale of ~70 s. These observations of related radio and X-ray phenomena further solidify the connection between radio pulsars and magnetars and imply that the pair plasma produced in bursts can disrupt the acceleration mechanism of radio-emitting particles.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [7];  [2]; ORCiD logo [8];  [9]; ORCiD logo [10]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. McGill Univ., Montreal, QC (Canada); Univ. of Toronto, ON (Canada)
  2. Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF), Selargius (Italy). Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari
  3. McGill Univ., Montreal, QC (Canada); Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  4. McGill Univ., Montreal, QC (Canada)
  5. Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  6. Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF), Roma (Italy). Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma
  7. Naval Research Lab. (NRL), Washington, DC (United States)
  8. Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands); Institute of Space Sciences (ICE, CSICIEEC), Barcelona (Spain)
  9. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Parkes, NSW (Australia). Parkes Observatory
  10. National Research Council of Canada, Penticton, BC (Canada)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1527167
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0016369
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal. Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 849; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; pulsars: general; pulsars: individual (PSR J1119–6127); stars: magnetars

Citation Formats

Archibald, R. F., Burgay, M., Lyutikov, M., Kaspi, V. M., Esposito, P., Israel, G., Kerr, M., Possenti, A., Rea, N., Sarkissian, J., Scholz, P., and Tendulkar, S. P. Magnetar-like X-Ray Bursts Suppress Pulsar Radio Emission. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa9371.
Archibald, R. F., Burgay, M., Lyutikov, M., Kaspi, V. M., Esposito, P., Israel, G., Kerr, M., Possenti, A., Rea, N., Sarkissian, J., Scholz, P., & Tendulkar, S. P. Magnetar-like X-Ray Bursts Suppress Pulsar Radio Emission. United States. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa9371.
Archibald, R. F., Burgay, M., Lyutikov, M., Kaspi, V. M., Esposito, P., Israel, G., Kerr, M., Possenti, A., Rea, N., Sarkissian, J., Scholz, P., and Tendulkar, S. P. Thu . "Magnetar-like X-Ray Bursts Suppress Pulsar Radio Emission". United States. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa9371. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1527167.
@article{osti_1527167,
title = {Magnetar-like X-Ray Bursts Suppress Pulsar Radio Emission},
author = {Archibald, R. F. and Burgay, M. and Lyutikov, M. and Kaspi, V. M. and Esposito, P. and Israel, G. and Kerr, M. and Possenti, A. and Rea, N. and Sarkissian, J. and Scholz, P. and Tendulkar, S. P.},
abstractNote = {Rotation-powered pulsars and magnetars are two different observational manifestations of neutron stars: rotation-powered pulsars are rapidly spinning objects that are mostly observed as pulsating radio sources, while magnetars, neutron stars with the highest known magnetic fields, often emit short-duration X-ray bursts. In this work, we report simultaneous observations of the high-magnetic-field radio pulsar PSR J1119-6127 at X-ray, with XMM-Newton and NuSTAR, and at radio energies with the Parkes radio telescope, during a period of magnetar-like bursts. The rotationally powered radio emission shuts off coincident with the occurrence of multiple X-ray bursts and recovers on a timescale of ~70 s. These observations of related radio and X-ray phenomena further solidify the connection between radio pulsars and magnetars and imply that the pair plasma produced in bursts can disrupt the acceleration mechanism of radio-emitting particles.},
doi = {10.3847/2041-8213/aa9371},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal. Letters},
number = 2,
volume = 849,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 10 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: 1.4 GHz radio pulse profiles of PSRJ1119−6127. The dashed line shows the standard pulse profile (Camilo et al. 2000), and the solid line displays the profile during the 2016 August 30 Parkes observation. The red and blue overlays denote the Gaussian fits to peaks one and two, respectively.

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.