skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Intertwined Spin and Orbital Density Waves in MnP Uncovered by Resonant Soft X-Ray Scattering

Abstract

Unconventional superconductors are often characterized by numerous competing and even intertwined orders in their phase diagrams. The fluctuations associated with these orders may provide the exotic pairing glue that underlies their high-temperature superconductivity. Helimagnet MnP, the first Mn-based superconductor under pressure, lacks high rotational symmetry. However, our resonant soft x-ray scattering experiment discovers novel helical orbital density wave (ODW) orders in MnP and reveals intertwined ordering phenomena. In particular, an ODW forms with half the period of the spin order and fully develops slightly above the spin ordering temperature, which resembles the behaviors of the nematic phase of the iron-based superconductors. Moreover, we find that their domains develop simultaneously, yet the spin order domains are larger than those of the ODW; and they cooperatively produce another ODW with 1/3 the period of the spin order. These observations provide a comprehensive picture of the intertwined orders in this three-dimensional, low-symmetry system and shed light on the understanding of its superconducting mechanism.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1527063
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1546741
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-76SF00515; 11804137; 15ZR1402900; ZR2018BA026; 24-7906; 2016YFA0300200; 2017YFA0303104]
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. X
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Physical Review. X Journal Volume: 9 Journal Issue: 2]; Journal ID: ISSN 2160-3308
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Pan, B. Y., Jang, H., Lee, J. -S., Sutarto, R., He, F., Zeng, J. F., Liu, Y., Zhang, X. W., Feng, Y., Hao, Y. Q., Zhao, J., Xu, H. C., Chen, Z. H., Hu, J. P., and Feng, D. L. Intertwined Spin and Orbital Density Waves in MnP Uncovered by Resonant Soft X-Ray Scattering. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.021055.
Pan, B. Y., Jang, H., Lee, J. -S., Sutarto, R., He, F., Zeng, J. F., Liu, Y., Zhang, X. W., Feng, Y., Hao, Y. Q., Zhao, J., Xu, H. C., Chen, Z. H., Hu, J. P., & Feng, D. L. Intertwined Spin and Orbital Density Waves in MnP Uncovered by Resonant Soft X-Ray Scattering. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.021055.
Pan, B. Y., Jang, H., Lee, J. -S., Sutarto, R., He, F., Zeng, J. F., Liu, Y., Zhang, X. W., Feng, Y., Hao, Y. Q., Zhao, J., Xu, H. C., Chen, Z. H., Hu, J. P., and Feng, D. L. Wed . "Intertwined Spin and Orbital Density Waves in MnP Uncovered by Resonant Soft X-Ray Scattering". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.021055.
@article{osti_1527063,
title = {Intertwined Spin and Orbital Density Waves in MnP Uncovered by Resonant Soft X-Ray Scattering},
author = {Pan, B. Y. and Jang, H. and Lee, J. -S. and Sutarto, R. and He, F. and Zeng, J. F. and Liu, Y. and Zhang, X. W. and Feng, Y. and Hao, Y. Q. and Zhao, J. and Xu, H. C. and Chen, Z. H. and Hu, J. P. and Feng, D. L.},
abstractNote = {Unconventional superconductors are often characterized by numerous competing and even intertwined orders in their phase diagrams. The fluctuations associated with these orders may provide the exotic pairing glue that underlies their high-temperature superconductivity. Helimagnet MnP, the first Mn-based superconductor under pressure, lacks high rotational symmetry. However, our resonant soft x-ray scattering experiment discovers novel helical orbital density wave (ODW) orders in MnP and reveals intertwined ordering phenomena. In particular, an ODW forms with half the period of the spin order and fully develops slightly above the spin ordering temperature, which resembles the behaviors of the nematic phase of the iron-based superconductors. Moreover, we find that their domains develop simultaneously, yet the spin order domains are larger than those of the ODW; and they cooperatively produce another ODW with 1/3 the period of the spin order. These observations provide a comprehensive picture of the intertwined orders in this three-dimensional, low-symmetry system and shed light on the understanding of its superconducting mechanism.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevX.9.021055},
journal = {Physical Review. X},
number = [2],
volume = [9],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.9.021055

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Antiferromagnetic order and spin dynamics in iron-based superconductors
journal, August 2015


The structure of the metamagnetic phase of MnP
journal, June 1966

  • Forsyth, J. B.; Pickart, S. J.; Brown, P. J.
  • Proceedings of the Physical Society, Vol. 88, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0370-1328/88/2/308

Symmetry-breaking orbital anisotropy observed for detwinned Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 above the spin density wave transition
journal, April 2011

  • Yi, M.; Lu, D.; Chu, J. -H.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 108, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1015572108

Crystal symmetry lowering in chiral multiferroic Ba 3 TaFe 3 Si 2 O 14 observed by x-ray magnetic scattering
journal, May 2017


Pressure Induced Superconductivity on the border of Magnetic Order in MnP
journal, March 2015


Spectroscopic fingerprints of valence and spin states in manganese oxides and fluorides
journal, May 2013


Magnetic order close to superconductivity in the iron-based layered LaO1-xF x FeAs systems
journal, May 2008

  • de la Cruz, Clarina; Huang, Q.; Lynn, J. W.
  • Nature, Vol. 453, Issue 7197
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature07057

Unconventional Pairing Originating from the Disconnected Fermi Surfaces of Superconducting LaFeAsO 1 x F x
journal, August 2008


Charge density wave fluctuations in La 2 x Sr x CuO 4 and their competition with superconductivity
journal, June 2014


Magnetic Structure of MnP
journal, March 1966


2 p x-ray absorption of 3 d transition-metal compounds: An atomic multiplet description including the crystal field
journal, September 1990


Ligand field strengths and oxidation states from manganese L-edge spectroscopy
journal, October 1991

  • Cramer, S. P.; DeGroot, F. M. F.; Ma, Y.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 113, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00021a018

Nematicity and Magnetism in FeSe and Other Families of Fe-Based Superconductors
journal, June 2016


Resonant elastic soft x-ray scattering
journal, April 2013


Surface and bulk electronic structures of LaFeAsO studied by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy
journal, September 2010


Crystallization of charge holes in the spin ladder of Sr14Cu24O41
journal, October 2004

  • Abbamonte, P.; Blumberg, G.; Rusydi, A.
  • Nature, Vol. 431, Issue 7012
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02925

Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya driven helical-butterfly structure in Ba 3 NbFe 3 Si 2 O 14
journal, September 2013


Emergence of topological Hall effect from fanlike spin structure as modified by Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction in MnP
journal, November 2012


Suppression of Magnetic Order before the Superconducting Dome in MnP
journal, February 2018

  • Yano, Shin-ichiro; Lançon, Diane; Rønnow, Henrik M.
  • Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 87, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.7566/JPSJ.87.023703

From antiferromagnetic insulator to correlated metal in pressurized and doped LaMnPO
journal, May 2012

  • Simonson, J. W.; Yin, Z. P.; Pezzoli, M.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 27
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1117366109

Spatially modulated 'Mottness' in La2-xBaxCuO4
journal, December 2005

  • Abbamonte, P.; Rusydi, A.; Smadici, S.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 1, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys178

Origin of the charge gap in LaMnPO
journal, November 2014


In-Plane Resistivity Anisotropy in an Underdoped Iron Arsenide Superconductor
journal, August 2010


Nematic Fermi Fluids in Condensed Matter Physics
journal, August 2010


First-principles calculations of the magnetic and electronic structures of MnP under pressure
journal, May 2017

  • Xu, Yuanji; Liu, Min; Zheng, Ping
  • Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol. 29, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/aa7023

Orbital Reconstruction in a Self-assembled Oxygen Vacancy Nanostructure
journal, July 2015

  • Jang, H.; Kerr, G.; Lim, J. S.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep12402

Observation of Orbital Order in the Half-Filled 4 f Gd Compound
journal, November 2016


Nematicity in stripe-ordered cuprates probed via resonant x-ray scattering
journal, February 2016


p -orbital density wave with d symmetry in high- T c cuprate superconductors predicted by renormalization-group + constrained RPA theory
journal, April 2016


Transitions between NiAs and MnP type phases: an electronically driven distortion of triangular (36) nets
journal, August 1986

  • Tremel, Wolfgang.; Hoffmann, Roald.; Silvestre, Jerome.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 108, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00277a023

Soft X-Ray Resonant Diffraction Study of Magnetic and Orbital Correlations in a Manganite Near Half Doping
journal, June 2004


Magnetic Properties of a Single Crystal of Manganese Phosphide
journal, August 1964


Orbital-Fluctuation-Mediated Superconductivity in Iron Pnictides: Analysis of the Five-Orbital Hubbard-Holstein Model
journal, April 2010


Neutron polarization analysis measurements on the spiral phase of MnP
journal, March 1982

  • Moon, R. M.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 53, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.330718

Evidence for stripe correlations of spins and holes in copper oxide superconductors
journal, June 1995

  • Tranquada, J. M.; Sternlieb, B. J.; Axe, J. D.
  • Nature, Vol. 375, Issue 6532
  • DOI: 10.1038/375561a0