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Title: The Stomatopod Telson: Convergent Evolution in the Development of a Biological Shield

Abstract

Mantis shrimp are aggressive marine crustaceans well known for their rapid and powerful hunting strategies. Less well known, yet, is the ability of some species of mantis shrimp to defend themselves from the repeated blows of conspecifics during ritualized fighting using a shield-like segment of abdominal armor called the telson. Multiscale structure–mechanical property relationships of this damage-tolerant biological composite is examined in order to reveal strategies that nature uses for resisting failure from repeated high-energy impacts. The telson structures of the smashing-type species, Odontodactylus scyllarus, and the less aggressive spearing-type species, Lysiosquillina maculata, are compared in order to better understand the ecological pressures driving the formation and use of the telson as a biological shield. A higher bulk compressive stiffness is identified within the smasher telson, which is attributed to its concave macromorphology, thicker cuticle, and higher degree of mineralization within its exocuticle. The presence of ridges at the dorsal surface indicates a role in imparting compliance for energy absorption. Fracture analysis identifies an enhanced toughening mechanism of crack twisting within the smasher telson, attributed to its well-defined pitch-graded helicoidal fibrous micro-architecture. Such findings may prove useful for the design of lightweight composite materials with potential flexibility and improved damagemore » tolerance.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Riverside, CA (United States)
  2. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  3. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States); Univ. of Texas, San Antonio, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  5. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  6. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Scientific User Facilities Division
OSTI Identifier:
1526687
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1525491
Report Number(s):
BNL-211772-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; AC02‐05CH11231; W911NF‐16‐1‐0208; AFOSR‐FA9550‐15‐1‐0009; AFOSR‐FA9550‐10‐1‐0322; DE‐AC02‐05CH11231; DE‐SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 29; Journal Issue: 34; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; biocomposite; crack twisting; energy absorption; mechanical behavior; stomatopod

Citation Formats

Yaraghi, Nicholas A., Trikanad, Adwait A., Restrepo, David, Huang, Wei, Rivera, Jesus, Herrera, Steven, Zhernenkov, Mikhail, Parkinson, Dilworth Y., Caldwell, Roy L., Zavattieri, Pablo D., and Kisailus, David. The Stomatopod Telson: Convergent Evolution in the Development of a Biological Shield. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1002/adfm.201902238.
Yaraghi, Nicholas A., Trikanad, Adwait A., Restrepo, David, Huang, Wei, Rivera, Jesus, Herrera, Steven, Zhernenkov, Mikhail, Parkinson, Dilworth Y., Caldwell, Roy L., Zavattieri, Pablo D., & Kisailus, David. The Stomatopod Telson: Convergent Evolution in the Development of a Biological Shield. United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201902238.
Yaraghi, Nicholas A., Trikanad, Adwait A., Restrepo, David, Huang, Wei, Rivera, Jesus, Herrera, Steven, Zhernenkov, Mikhail, Parkinson, Dilworth Y., Caldwell, Roy L., Zavattieri, Pablo D., and Kisailus, David. Mon . "The Stomatopod Telson: Convergent Evolution in the Development of a Biological Shield". United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201902238.
@article{osti_1526687,
title = {The Stomatopod Telson: Convergent Evolution in the Development of a Biological Shield},
author = {Yaraghi, Nicholas A. and Trikanad, Adwait A. and Restrepo, David and Huang, Wei and Rivera, Jesus and Herrera, Steven and Zhernenkov, Mikhail and Parkinson, Dilworth Y. and Caldwell, Roy L. and Zavattieri, Pablo D. and Kisailus, David},
abstractNote = {Mantis shrimp are aggressive marine crustaceans well known for their rapid and powerful hunting strategies. Less well known, yet, is the ability of some species of mantis shrimp to defend themselves from the repeated blows of conspecifics during ritualized fighting using a shield-like segment of abdominal armor called the telson. Multiscale structure–mechanical property relationships of this damage-tolerant biological composite is examined in order to reveal strategies that nature uses for resisting failure from repeated high-energy impacts. The telson structures of the smashing-type species, Odontodactylus scyllarus, and the less aggressive spearing-type species, Lysiosquillina maculata, are compared in order to better understand the ecological pressures driving the formation and use of the telson as a biological shield. A higher bulk compressive stiffness is identified within the smasher telson, which is attributed to its concave macromorphology, thicker cuticle, and higher degree of mineralization within its exocuticle. The presence of ridges at the dorsal surface indicates a role in imparting compliance for energy absorption. Fracture analysis identifies an enhanced toughening mechanism of crack twisting within the smasher telson, attributed to its well-defined pitch-graded helicoidal fibrous micro-architecture. Such findings may prove useful for the design of lightweight composite materials with potential flexibility and improved damage tolerance.},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.201902238},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
number = 34,
volume = 29,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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