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Title: Electrochemical Kinetics of SEI Growth on Carbon Black: Part I. Experiments

Abstract

Growth of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) is a primary driver of capacity fade in lithium-ion batteries. Despite its importance to this device and intense research interest, the fundamental mechanisms underpinning SEI growth remain unclear. In Part I of this work, we present an electroanalytical method to measure the dependence of SEI growth on potential, current magnitude, and current direction during galvanostatic cycling of carbon black/Li half cells.We find that SEI growth strongly depends on all three parameters; most notably, we find SEI growth rates increase with nominal C rate and are significantly higher on lithiation than on delithiation. We observe this directional effect in both galvanostatic and potentiostatic experiments and discuss hypotheses that could explain this observation. This work identifies a strong coupling between SEI growth and charge storage (e.g., intercalation and capacitance) in carbon negative electrodes.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Science Div.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1526563
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 166; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Attia, Peter M., Das, Supratim, Harris, Stephen J., Bazant, Martin Z., and Chueh, William C. Electrochemical Kinetics of SEI Growth on Carbon Black: Part I. Experiments. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0231904jes.
Attia, Peter M., Das, Supratim, Harris, Stephen J., Bazant, Martin Z., & Chueh, William C. Electrochemical Kinetics of SEI Growth on Carbon Black: Part I. Experiments. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0231904jes.
Attia, Peter M., Das, Supratim, Harris, Stephen J., Bazant, Martin Z., and Chueh, William C. Tue . "Electrochemical Kinetics of SEI Growth on Carbon Black: Part I. Experiments". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0231904jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1526563.
@article{osti_1526563,
title = {Electrochemical Kinetics of SEI Growth on Carbon Black: Part I. Experiments},
author = {Attia, Peter M. and Das, Supratim and Harris, Stephen J. and Bazant, Martin Z. and Chueh, William C.},
abstractNote = {Growth of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) is a primary driver of capacity fade in lithium-ion batteries. Despite its importance to this device and intense research interest, the fundamental mechanisms underpinning SEI growth remain unclear. In Part I of this work, we present an electroanalytical method to measure the dependence of SEI growth on potential, current magnitude, and current direction during galvanostatic cycling of carbon black/Li half cells.We find that SEI growth strongly depends on all three parameters; most notably, we find SEI growth rates increase with nominal C rate and are significantly higher on lithiation than on delithiation. We observe this directional effect in both galvanostatic and potentiostatic experiments and discuss hypotheses that could explain this observation. This work identifies a strong coupling between SEI growth and charge storage (e.g., intercalation and capacitance) in carbon negative electrodes.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0231904jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 4,
volume = 166,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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