DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Scalable high-rate, high-dimensional time-bin encoding quantum key distribution

Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a new scheme for measuring high-dimensional phase states using a two-photon interference technique, which we refer to as quantum-controlled measurement. Using this scheme, we implement a d-dimensional time-phase quantum key distribution (QKD) system and achieve secret key rates of 5.26 and 8.65 Mbps using d = 2 and d = 8 quantum states, respectively, for a 4 dB channel loss, illustrating that high-dimensional time-phase QKD protocols are advantageous for low-loss quantum channels. Here, this work paves the way for practical high-dimensional QKD protocols for metropolitan-scale systems. Furthermore, our results apply equally well for other high-dimensional protocols, such as those using the spatial degree-of-freedom with orbital angular momentum states being one example.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States); Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States)
  2. National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
  3. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  5. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States); IonQ, Inc., College Park, MD (United States)
  6. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1526373
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Quantum Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-9565
Publisher:
IOPscience
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; quantum communication; quantum key distribution; two-photon interference; high-dimensional QKD

Citation Formats

Islam, Nurul T., Lim, Charles Ci Wen, Cahall, Clinton, Qi, Bing, Kim, Jungsang, and Gauthier, Daniel J. Scalable high-rate, high-dimensional time-bin encoding quantum key distribution. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/2058-9565/ab21a4.
Islam, Nurul T., Lim, Charles Ci Wen, Cahall, Clinton, Qi, Bing, Kim, Jungsang, & Gauthier, Daniel J. Scalable high-rate, high-dimensional time-bin encoding quantum key distribution. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/2058-9565/ab21a4
Islam, Nurul T., Lim, Charles Ci Wen, Cahall, Clinton, Qi, Bing, Kim, Jungsang, and Gauthier, Daniel J. Tue . "Scalable high-rate, high-dimensional time-bin encoding quantum key distribution". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/2058-9565/ab21a4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1526373.
@article{osti_1526373,
title = {Scalable high-rate, high-dimensional time-bin encoding quantum key distribution},
author = {Islam, Nurul T. and Lim, Charles Ci Wen and Cahall, Clinton and Qi, Bing and Kim, Jungsang and Gauthier, Daniel J.},
abstractNote = {We propose and experimentally demonstrate a new scheme for measuring high-dimensional phase states using a two-photon interference technique, which we refer to as quantum-controlled measurement. Using this scheme, we implement a d-dimensional time-phase quantum key distribution (QKD) system and achieve secret key rates of 5.26 and 8.65 Mbps using d = 2 and d = 8 quantum states, respectively, for a 4 dB channel loss, illustrating that high-dimensional time-phase QKD protocols are advantageous for low-loss quantum channels. Here, this work paves the way for practical high-dimensional QKD protocols for metropolitan-scale systems. Furthermore, our results apply equally well for other high-dimensional protocols, such as those using the spatial degree-of-freedom with orbital angular momentum states being one example.},
doi = {10.1088/2058-9565/ab21a4},
journal = {Quantum Science and Technology},
number = 3,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Quantum-controlled measurement device for quantum-state discrimination
journal, August 2002


de Finetti Representation Theorem for Infinite-Dimensional Quantum Systems and Applications to Quantum Cryptography
journal, March 2009


High-dimensional quantum key distribution based on multicore fiber using silicon photonic integrated circuits
journal, June 2017


Reconfigurable generation and measurement of mutually unbiased bases for time-bin qudits
journal, March 2018

  • Lukens, Joseph M.; Islam, Nurul T.; Lim, Charles Ci Wen
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 112, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5024318

Security of quantum key distribution
text, January 2005


Proof-of-principle experimental realization of a qubit-like qudit-based quantum key distribution scheme
journal, March 2018

  • Wang, Shuang; Yin, Zhen-Qiang; Chau, H. F.
  • Quantum Science and Technology, Vol. 3, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/2058-9565/aaace4

Provably secure and high-rate quantum key distribution with time-bin qudits
journal, November 2017

  • Islam, Nurul T.; Lim, Charles Ci Wen; Cahall, Clinton
  • Science Advances, Vol. 3, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1701491

Securing quantum key distribution systems using fewer states
journal, April 2018


Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency
journal, February 2013


Postselection Technique for Quantum Channels with Applications to Quantum Cryptography
journal, January 2009


Practical quantum key distribution protocol without monitoring signal disturbance
journal, May 2014

  • Sasaki, Toshihiko; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa; Koashi, Masato
  • Nature, Vol. 509, Issue 7501
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13303

Symmetry of large physical systems implies independence of subsystems
journal, July 2007


Robust and Stable Delay Interferometers with Application to d -Dimensional Time-Frequency Quantum Key Distribution
journal, April 2017


Multi-photon detection using a conventional superconducting nanowire single-photon detector
journal, January 2017


Decoy State Quantum Key Distribution
journal, June 2005


Beating the Photon-Number-Splitting Attack in Practical Quantum Cryptography
journal, June 2005


Synchronization of optical photons for quantum information processing
journal, May 2016

  • Makino, Kenzo; Hashimoto, Yosuke; Yoshikawa, Jun-ichi
  • Science Advances, Vol. 2, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1501772

High-dimensional quantum cryptography with twisted light
journal, March 2015

  • Mirhosseini, Mohammad; Magaña-Loaiza, Omar S.; O’Sullivan, Malcolm N.
  • New Journal of Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/17/3/033033

Bounding the outcome of a two-photon interference measurement using weak coherent states
journal, January 2018

  • Aragoneses, Andrés; Islam, Nurul T.; Eggleston, Michael
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.43.003806

Experimental Passive Round-Robin Differential Phase-Shift Quantum Key Distribution
journal, May 2015


Practical decoy state for quantum key distribution
journal, July 2005


Loss-tolerant quantum cryptography with imperfect sources
journal, November 2014


Security of Quantum key Distribution
journal, February 2008


Universal squash model for optical communications using linear optics and threshold detectors
journal, August 2011


Concise security bounds for practical decoy-state quantum key distribution
journal, February 2014


A cost-effective measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution system for quantum networks
journal, September 2017

  • Valivarthi, Raju; Zhou, Qiang; John, Caleb
  • Quantum Science and Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1088/2058-9565/aa8790

Attosecond-resolution Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometry
journal, May 2018


Security of high-dimensional quantum key distribution protocols using Franson interferometers
journal, May 2013

  • Brougham, Thomas; Barnett, Stephen M.; McCusker, Kevin T.
  • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 46, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/46/10/104010

Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution
journal, March 2012


High-dimensional intracity quantum cryptography with structured photons
journal, January 2017


Overcoming the rate–distance limit of quantum key distribution without quantum repeaters
journal, May 2018


Quantum optical metrology – the lowdown on high-N00N states
journal, March 2008


Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference
journal, November 1987


Security proof for quantum key distribution using qudit systems
journal, September 2010


Scalable cryogenic readout circuit for a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector system
journal, June 2018

  • Cahall, Clinton; Gauthier, Daniel J.; Kim, Jungsang
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5018179

Experimental Study of Hong–Ou–Mandel Interference Using Independent Phase Randomized Weak Coherent States
journal, September 2018

  • Moschandreou, Eleftherios; Garcia, Jeffrey I.; Rollick, Brian J.
  • Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 36, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2018.2850282

Finite-key security analysis for multilevel quantum key distribution
journal, July 2016


Discrete-phase-randomized coherent state source and its application in quantum key distribution
journal, May 2015


Security of Quantum Key Distribution
journal, January 2016


Measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution
text, January 2011


Concise Security Bounds for Practical Decoy-State Quantum Key Distribution
text, January 2013


High-dimensional quantum cryptography with twisted light
text, January 2014


Synchronization of optical photons for quantum information processing
text, January 2015


Finite-key security analysis for multilevel quantum key distribution
text, January 2015


High-Dimensional Intra-City Quantum Cryptography with Structured Photons
text, January 2016


Provably-Secure and High-Rate Quantum Key Distribution with Time-Bin Qudits
text, January 2017


Scalable Cryogenic Read-out Circuit for a Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detector System
text, January 2017


Securing quantum key distribution systems using fewer states
text, January 2018


Reconfigurable generation and measurement of mutually unbiased bases for time-bin qudits
text, January 2018


Decoy State Quantum Key Distribution
text, January 2004


Practical Decoy State for Quantum Key Distribution
text, January 2005


Security of Quantum Key Distribution
preprint, January 2005