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Title: How non-bonding domains affect the active assembly of microtubule spools

Abstract

We report that structural defects can determine and influence various properties of materials, and many technologies rely on the manipulation of defects (e.g., semiconductor industries). In biological systems, management of defects/errors (e.g. DNA repair) is critical to an organism's survival, which has inspired the design of artificial nanomachines that mimic nature's ability to detect defects and repair damage. Biological motors have captured considerable attention in developing such capabilities due to their ability to convert energy into directed motion in response to environmental stimuli, which maximizes their ability for detection and repair. The objective of the present study was to develop an understanding of how the presence of non-bonding domains, here considered as a “defect”, in microtubule (MT) building blocks affect the kinesin-driven, active assembly of MT spools. The assembly/joining of micron-scale bonding (i.e., biotin-containing) and non-bonding (i.e., no biotin) MTs resulted in segmented MT building blocks consisting of alternating bonding and non-bonding domains. Here, the introduction of these MT building blocks into a kinesin gliding motility assay along with streptavidin-coated quantum dots resulted in the active assembly of spools with altered morphology but retained functionality. Moreover, it was noted that non-bonding domains were autonomously and preferentially released from the spoolsmore » over time, representing a mechanism by which defects may be removed from these structures. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that this active assembly system has an intrinsic ability for quality control, which can be potentially expanded to a wide range of applications such as self-regulation and healing of active materials.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1526208
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1525506
Report Number(s):
SAND-2019-6305J
Journal ID: ISSN 2040-3364; NANOHL; 675947
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525; KC0203010
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nanoscale
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 24; Journal ID: ISSN 2040-3364
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Martinez, Haneen, VanDelinder, Virginia, Imam, Zachary I., Spoerke, Erik D., and Bachand, George D. How non-bonding domains affect the active assembly of microtubule spools. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1039/C9NR02059D.
Martinez, Haneen, VanDelinder, Virginia, Imam, Zachary I., Spoerke, Erik D., & Bachand, George D. How non-bonding domains affect the active assembly of microtubule spools. United States. https://doi.org/10.1039/C9NR02059D
Martinez, Haneen, VanDelinder, Virginia, Imam, Zachary I., Spoerke, Erik D., and Bachand, George D. Thu . "How non-bonding domains affect the active assembly of microtubule spools". United States. https://doi.org/10.1039/C9NR02059D. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1526208.
@article{osti_1526208,
title = {How non-bonding domains affect the active assembly of microtubule spools},
author = {Martinez, Haneen and VanDelinder, Virginia and Imam, Zachary I. and Spoerke, Erik D. and Bachand, George D.},
abstractNote = {We report that structural defects can determine and influence various properties of materials, and many technologies rely on the manipulation of defects (e.g., semiconductor industries). In biological systems, management of defects/errors (e.g. DNA repair) is critical to an organism's survival, which has inspired the design of artificial nanomachines that mimic nature's ability to detect defects and repair damage. Biological motors have captured considerable attention in developing such capabilities due to their ability to convert energy into directed motion in response to environmental stimuli, which maximizes their ability for detection and repair. The objective of the present study was to develop an understanding of how the presence of non-bonding domains, here considered as a “defect”, in microtubule (MT) building blocks affect the kinesin-driven, active assembly of MT spools. The assembly/joining of micron-scale bonding (i.e., biotin-containing) and non-bonding (i.e., no biotin) MTs resulted in segmented MT building blocks consisting of alternating bonding and non-bonding domains. Here, the introduction of these MT building blocks into a kinesin gliding motility assay along with streptavidin-coated quantum dots resulted in the active assembly of spools with altered morphology but retained functionality. Moreover, it was noted that non-bonding domains were autonomously and preferentially released from the spools over time, representing a mechanism by which defects may be removed from these structures. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that this active assembly system has an intrinsic ability for quality control, which can be potentially expanded to a wide range of applications such as self-regulation and healing of active materials.},
doi = {10.1039/C9NR02059D},
journal = {Nanoscale},
number = 24,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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