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Title: A new ultrasonic transducer sample cell for in situ small-angle scattering experiments

Abstract

Ultrasound irradiation is a commonly used technique for nondestructive diagnostics or targeted destruction. We report on a new versatile sonication device that fits in a variety of standard sample environments for neutron and X-ray scattering instruments. A piezoelectric transducer permits measuring of the time-dependent response of the sample in situ during or after sonication. We use small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) to demonstrate the effect of a time-dependent perturbation on the structure factor of micelles formed from sodium dodecyl sulfate surfactant molecules. We observe a substantial change in the micellar structure during and after exposure to ultrasonic irradiation. We also observe a time-dependent relaxation to the equilibrium values of the unperturbed system. The strength of the perturbation of the structure factor depends systematically on the duration of sonication. The relaxation behavior can be well reproduced after multiple times of sonication. Accumulation of the recorded intensities of the different sonication cycles improves the signal-to-noise ratio and permits reaching very short relaxation times. In addition, we present SANS data for the micellar form factor on alkyl-poly (ethylene oxide) surfactant molecules irradiated by ultrasound. Due to the flexibility of our new in situ sonication device, different experiments can be performed, e.g., to explore molecularmore » potentials in more detail by introducing a systematic time-dependent perturbation.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry. Dept. of Physics
  2. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States). NIST Center for Neutron Research; Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States); National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1526017
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1417779
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012432; DMR-1508249
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 89; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Gupta, Sudipta, Bleuel, Markus, and Schneider, Gerald J. A new ultrasonic transducer sample cell for in situ small-angle scattering experiments. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5021370.
Gupta, Sudipta, Bleuel, Markus, & Schneider, Gerald J. A new ultrasonic transducer sample cell for in situ small-angle scattering experiments. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5021370
Gupta, Sudipta, Bleuel, Markus, and Schneider, Gerald J. Tue . "A new ultrasonic transducer sample cell for in situ small-angle scattering experiments". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5021370. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1526017.
@article{osti_1526017,
title = {A new ultrasonic transducer sample cell for in situ small-angle scattering experiments},
author = {Gupta, Sudipta and Bleuel, Markus and Schneider, Gerald J.},
abstractNote = {Ultrasound irradiation is a commonly used technique for nondestructive diagnostics or targeted destruction. We report on a new versatile sonication device that fits in a variety of standard sample environments for neutron and X-ray scattering instruments. A piezoelectric transducer permits measuring of the time-dependent response of the sample in situ during or after sonication. We use small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) to demonstrate the effect of a time-dependent perturbation on the structure factor of micelles formed from sodium dodecyl sulfate surfactant molecules. We observe a substantial change in the micellar structure during and after exposure to ultrasonic irradiation. We also observe a time-dependent relaxation to the equilibrium values of the unperturbed system. The strength of the perturbation of the structure factor depends systematically on the duration of sonication. The relaxation behavior can be well reproduced after multiple times of sonication. Accumulation of the recorded intensities of the different sonication cycles improves the signal-to-noise ratio and permits reaching very short relaxation times. In addition, we present SANS data for the micellar form factor on alkyl-poly (ethylene oxide) surfactant molecules irradiated by ultrasound. Due to the flexibility of our new in situ sonication device, different experiments can be performed, e.g., to explore molecular potentials in more detail by introducing a systematic time-dependent perturbation.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5021370},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 1,
volume = 89,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

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Cited by: 1 work
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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: (a) Schematic representation of the ultrasonic transducer cell, (b) schematics of the piezoelectric ring transducer from Steminc (top and side views).

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