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Title: Chiral vortical effect for an arbitrary spin

Abstract

The spin Hall effect of light attracted enormous attention in the literature due to the ongoing progress in developing of new optically active materials and metamaterials with non-trivial spin-orbit interaction. Recently, it was shown that rotating fermionic systems with relativistic massless spectrum may exhibit a 3-dimensional analogue of the spin Hall current — the chiral vortical effect (CVE). Here we show that CVE is a general feature of massless particles with an arbitrary spin. We derive the semi-classical equations of motion in rotating frame from the first principles and show how by coordinate transformation in the phase space it can be brought to the intuitive form proposed in [1]. Our finding clarifies the superficial discrepancies in different formulations of the chiral kinetic theory for rotating systems. We then generalize the chiral kinetic theory, originally introduced for fermions, to an arbitrary spin and study chirality current in a general rotating chiral medium. We stress that the higher-spin realizations of CVE can be in principle observed in various setups including table-top experiments on quantum optics.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Fudan Univ., Shanghai (China)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1525845
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-24524
Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2019; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Atomic, Nuclear and Particle Physics; Anomalies in Field and String Theories; Topological States of Matter

Citation Formats

Huang, Xu -Guang, and Sadofyev, Andrey V. Chiral vortical effect for an arbitrary spin. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP03(2019)084.
Huang, Xu -Guang, & Sadofyev, Andrey V. Chiral vortical effect for an arbitrary spin. United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP03(2019)084.
Huang, Xu -Guang, and Sadofyev, Andrey V. Thu . "Chiral vortical effect for an arbitrary spin". United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP03(2019)084. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1525845.
@article{osti_1525845,
title = {Chiral vortical effect for an arbitrary spin},
author = {Huang, Xu -Guang and Sadofyev, Andrey V.},
abstractNote = {The spin Hall effect of light attracted enormous attention in the literature due to the ongoing progress in developing of new optically active materials and metamaterials with non-trivial spin-orbit interaction. Recently, it was shown that rotating fermionic systems with relativistic massless spectrum may exhibit a 3-dimensional analogue of the spin Hall current — the chiral vortical effect (CVE). Here we show that CVE is a general feature of massless particles with an arbitrary spin. We derive the semi-classical equations of motion in rotating frame from the first principles and show how by coordinate transformation in the phase space it can be brought to the intuitive form proposed in [1]. Our finding clarifies the superficial discrepancies in different formulations of the chiral kinetic theory for rotating systems. We then generalize the chiral kinetic theory, originally introduced for fermions, to an arbitrary spin and study chirality current in a general rotating chiral medium. We stress that the higher-spin realizations of CVE can be in principle observed in various setups including table-top experiments on quantum optics.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP03(2019)084},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
number = 3,
volume = 2019,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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Cited by: 4 works
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