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Title: First Observation of the Rare Purely Baryonic Decay B 0 p p ¯

Abstract

The first observation of the decay of a B 0 meson to a purely baryonic final state, B 0 p p ¯ , is reported. The proton-proton collision data sample used was collected with the LHCb experiment at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb - 1 . The branching fraction is determined to be B ( B 0 p p ¯ ) = ( 1.25 ± 0.27 ± 0.18 ) × 10 - 8 , where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The decay mode B 0 p p ¯ is the rarest decay of the B 0 meson observed to date. The decay B s 0 p p ¯ is also investigated. No signal is seen and the upper limit B ( B s 0 p p ¯ ) < 1.5 × 10 - 8 at 90% confidence level is set on the branching fraction.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
LHCb Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1525268
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Aaij, R., Adeva, B., Adinolfi, M., Ajaltouni, Z., Akar, S., Albrecht, J., Alessio, F., Alexander, M., Alfonso Albero, A., Ali, S., Alkhazov, G., Alvarez Cartelle, P., Alves, A. A., Amato, S., Amerio, S., Amhis, Y., An, L., Anderlini, L., Andreassi, G., Andreotti, M., Andrews, J. E., Appleby, R. B., Archilli, F., d’Argent, P., Arnau Romeu, J., Artamonov, A., Artuso, M., Aslanides, E., Auriemma, G., Baalouch, M., Babuschkin, I., Bachmann, S., Back, J. J., Badalov, A., Baesso, C., Baker, S., Balagura, V., Baldini, W., Baranov, A., Barlow, R. J., Barschel, C., Barsuk, S., Barter, W., Baryshnikov, F., Batozskaya, V., Battista, V., Bay, A., Beaucourt, L., Beddow, J., Bedeschi, F., Bediaga, I., Beiter, A., Bel, L. J., Beliy, N., Bellee, V., Belloli, N., Belous, K., Belyaev, I., Ben-Haim, E., Bencivenni, G., Benson, S., Beranek, S., Berezhnoy, A., Bernet, R., Berninghoff, D., Bertholet, E., Bertolin, A., Betancourt, C., Betti, F., Bettler, M. -O., van Beuzekom, M., Bezshyiko, Ia., Bifani, S., Billoir, P., Birnkraut, A., Bitadze, A., Bizzeti, A., Bjørn, M., Blake, T., Blanc, F., Blouw, J., Blusk, S., Bocci, V., Boettcher, T., Bondar, A., Bondar, N., Bonivento, W., Bordyuzhin, I., Borgheresi, A., Borghi, S., Borisyak, M., Borsato, M., Bossu, F., Boubdir, M., Bowcock, T. J. V., Bowen, E., Bozzi, C., Braun, S., Britton, T., Brodzicka, J., Brundu, D., Buchanan, E., Burr, C., Bursche, A., Buytaert, J., Byczynski, W., Cadeddu, S., Cai, H., Calabrese, R., Calladine, R., Calvi, M., Calvo Gomez, M., Camboni, A., Campana, P., Campora Perez, D. H., Capriotti, L., Carbone, A., Carboni, G., Cardinale, R., Cardini, A., Carniti, P., Carson, L., Carvalho Akiba, K., Casse, G., Cassina, L., Castillo Garcia, L., Cattaneo, M., Cavallero, G., Cenci, R., Chamont, D., Charles, M., Charpentier, Ph., Chatzikonstantinidis, G., Chefdeville, M., Chen, S., Cheung, S. F., Chitic, S. -G., Chobanova, V., Chrzaszcz, M., Chubykin, A., Ciambrone, P., Cid Vidal, X., Ciezarek, G., Clarke, P. E. L., Clemencic, M., Cliff, H. V., Closier, J., Cogan, J., Cogneras, E., Cogoni, V., Cojocariu, L., Collins, P., Colombo, T., Comerma-Montells, A., Contu, A., Cook, A., Coombs, G., Coquereau, S., Corti, G., Corvo, M., Costa Sobral, C. M., Couturier, B., Cowan, G. A., Craik, D. C., Crocombe, A., Cruz Torres, M., Currie, R., D’Ambrosio, C., Da Cunha Marinho, F., Dall’Occo, E., Dalseno, J., Davis, A., De Aguiar Francisco, O., De Capua, S., De Cian, M., De Miranda, J. M., De Paula, L., De Serio, M., De Simone, P., Dean, C. T., Decamp, D., Del Buono, L., Dembinski, H. -P., Demmer, M., Dendek, A., Derkach, D., Deschamps, O., Dettori, F., Dey, B., Di Canto, A., Di Nezza, P., Dijkstra, H., Dordei, F., Dorigo, M., Dosil Suárez, A., Douglas, L., Dovbnya, A., Dreimanis, K., Dufour, L., Dujany, G., Durante, P., Dzhelyadin, R., Dziewiecki, M., Dziurda, A., Dzyuba, A., Easo, S., Ebert, M., Egede, U., Egorychev, V., Eidelman, S., Eisenhardt, S., Eitschberger, U., Ekelhof, R., Eklund, L., Ely, S., Esen, S., Evans, H. M., Evans, T., Falabella, A., Farley, N., Farry, S., Fazzini, D., Federici, L., Ferguson, D., Fernandez, G., Fernandez Declara, P., Fernandez Prieto, A., Ferrari, F., Ferreira Rodrigues, F., Ferro-Luzzi, M., Filippov, S., Fini, R. A., Fiore, M., Fiorini, M., Firlej, M., Fitzpatrick, C., Fiutowski, T., Fleuret, F., Fohl, K., Fontana, M., Fontanelli, F., Forshaw, D. C., Forty, R., Franco Lima, V., Frank, M., Frei, C., Fu, J., Funk, W., Furfaro, E., Färber, C., Gabriel, E., Gallas Torreira, A., Galli, D., Gallorini, S., Gambetta, S., Gandelman, M., Gandini, P., Gao, Y., Garcia Martin, L. M., García Pardiñas, J., Garra Tico, J., Garrido, L., Garsed, P. J., Gascon, D., Gaspar, C., Gavardi, L., Gazzoni, G., Gerick, D., Gersabeck, E., Gersabeck, M., Gershon, T., Ghez, Ph., Gianì, S., Gibson, V., Girard, O. G., Giubega, L., Gizdov, K., Gligorov, V. V., Golubkov, D., Golutvin, A., Gomes, A., Gorelov, I. V., Gotti, C., Govorkova, E., Grabowski, J. P., Graciani Diaz, R., Granado Cardoso, L. A., Graugés, E., Graverini, E., Graziani, G., Grecu, A., Greim, R., Griffith, P., Grillo, L., Gruber, L., Gruberg Cazon, B. R., Grünberg, O., Gushchin, E., Guz, Yu., Gys, T., Göbel, C., Hadavizadeh, T., Hadjivasiliou, C., Haefeli, G., Haen, C., Haines, S. C., Hamilton, B., Han, X., Hancock, T. H., Hansmann-Menzemer, S., Harnew, N., Harnew, S. T., Harrison, J., Hasse, C., Hatch, M., He, J., Hecker, M., Heinicke, K., Heister, A., Hennessy, K., Henrard, P., Henry, L., van Herwijnen, E., Heß, M., Hicheur, A., Hill, D., Hombach, C., Hopchev, P. H., Huard, Z. C., Hulsbergen, W., Humair, T., Hushchyn, M., Hutchcroft, D., Ibis, P., Idzik, M., Ilten, P., Jacobsson, R., Jalocha, J., Jans, E., Jawahery, A., Jiang, F., John, M., Johnson, D., Jones, C. R., Joram, C., Jost, B., Jurik, N., Kandybei, S., Karacson, M., Kariuki, J. M., Karodia, S., Kazeev, N., Kecke, M., Kelsey, M., Kenzie, M., Ketel, T., Khairullin, E., Khanji, B., Khurewathanakul, C., Kirn, T., Klaver, S., Klimaszewski, K., Klimkovich, T., Koliiev, S., Kolpin, M., Komarov, I., Kopecna, R., Koppenburg, P., Kosmyntseva, A., Kotriakhova, S., Kozeiha, M., Kravchuk, L., Kreps, M., Krokovny, P., Kruse, F., Krzemien, W., Kucewicz, W., Kucharczyk, M., Kudryavtsev, V., Kuonen, A. K., Kurek, K., Kvaratskheliya, T., Lacarrere, D., Lafferty, G., Lai, A., Lanfranchi, G., Langenbruch, C., Latham, T., Lazzeroni, C., Le Gac, R., Leflat, A., Lefrançois, J., Lefèvre, R., Lemaitre, F., Lemos Cid, E., Leroy, O., Lesiak, T., Leverington, B., Li, P. -R., Li, T., Li, Y., Li, Z., Likhomanenko, T., Lindner, R., Lionetto, F., Lisovskyi, V., Liu, X., Loh, D., Loi, A., Longstaff, I., Lopes, J. H., Lucchesi, D., Lucio Martinez, M., Luo, H., Lupato, A., Luppi, E., Lupton, O., Lusiani, A., Lyu, X., Machefert, F., Maciuc, F., Macko, V., Mackowiak, P., Maddrell-Mander, S., Maev, O., Maguire, K., Maisuzenko, D., Majewski, M. W., Malde, S., Malinin, A., Maltsev, T., Manca, G., Mancinelli, G., Manning, P., Marangotto, D., Maratas, J., Marchand, J. F., Marconi, U., Marin Benito, C., Marinangeli, M., Marino, P., Marks, J., Martellotti, G., Martin, M., Martinelli, M., Martinez Santos, D., Martinez Vidal, F., Martins Tostes, D., Massacrier, L. M., Massafferri, A., Matev, R., Mathad, A., Mathe, Z., Matteuzzi, C., Mauri, A., Maurice, E., Maurin, B., Mazurov, A., McCann, M., McNab, A., McNulty, R., Mead, J. V., Meadows, B., Meaux, C., Meier, F., Meinert, N., Melnychuk, D., Merk, M., Merli, A., Michielin, E., Milanes, D. A., Millard, E., Minard, M. -N., Minzoni, L., Mitzel, D. S., Mogini, A., Molina Rodriguez, J., Mombacher, T., Monroy, I. A., Monteil, S., Morandin, M., Morello, M. J., Morgunova, O., Moron, J., Morris, A. B., Mountain, R., Muheim, F., Mulder, M., Müller, D., Müller, J., Müller, K., Müller, V., Naik, P., Nakada, T., Nandakumar, R., Nandi, A., Nasteva, I., Needham, M., Neri, N., Neubert, S., Neufeld, N., Neuner, M., Nguyen, T. D., Nguyen-Mau, C., Nieswand, S., Niet, R., Nikitin, N., Nikodem, T., Nogay, A., O’Hanlon, D. P., Oblakowska-Mucha, A., Obraztsov, V., Ogilvy, S., Oldeman, R., Onderwater, C. J. G., Ossowska, A., Otalora Goicochea, J. M., Owen, P., Oyanguren, A., Pais, P. 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C., Remon Alepuz, C., Renaudin, V., Ricciardi, S., Richards, S., Rihl, M., Rinnert, K., Rives Molina, V., Robbe, P., Robert, A., Rodrigues, A. B., Rodrigues, E., Rodriguez Lopez, J. A., Rodriguez Perez, P., Rogozhnikov, A., Roiser, S., Rollings, A., Romanovskiy, V., Romero Vidal, A., Ronayne, J. W., Rotondo, M., Rudolph, M. S., Ruf, T., Ruiz Valls, P., Ruiz Vidal, J., Saborido Silva, J. J., Sadykhov, E., Sagidova, N., Saitta, B., Salustino Guimaraes, V., Sanchez Mayordomo, C., Sanmartin Sedes, B., Santacesaria, R., Santamarina Rios, C., Santimaria, M., Santovetti, E., Sarpis, G., Sarti, A., Satriano, C., Satta, A., Saunders, D. M., Savrina, D., Schael, S., Schellenberg, M., Schiller, M., Schindler, H., Schlupp, M., Schmelling, M., Schmelzer, T., Schmidt, B., Schneider, O., Schopper, A., Schreiner, H. F., Schubert, K., Schubiger, M., Schune, M. -H., Schwemmer, R., Sciascia, B., Sciubba, A., Semennikov, A., Sepulveda, E. S., Sergi, A., Serra, N., Serrano, J., Sestini, L., Seyfert, P., Shapkin, M., Shapoval, I., Shcheglov, Y., Shears, T., Shekhtman, L., Shevchenko, V., Siddi, B. G., Silva Coutinho, R., Silva de Oliveira, L., Simi, G., Simone, S., Sirendi, M., Skidmore, N., Skwarnicki, T., Smith, E., Smith, I. T., Smith, J., Smith, M., Soares Lavra, l., Sokoloff, M. D., Soler, F. J. P., Souza De Paula, B., Spaan, B., Spradlin, P., Sridharan, S., Stagni, F., Stahl, M., Stahl, S., Stefko, P., Stefkova, S., Steinkamp, O., Stemmle, S., Stenyakin, O., Stepanova, M., Stevens, H., Stone, S., Storaci, B., Stracka, S., Stramaglia, M. E., Straticiuc, M., Straumann, U., Sun, J., Sun, L., Sutcliffe, W., Swientek, K., Syropoulos, V., Szczekowski, M., Szumlak, T., Szymanski, M., T’Jampens, S., Tayduganov, A., Tekampe, T., Tellarini, G., Teubert, F., Thomas, E., van Tilburg, J., Tilley, M. 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Aaij, R., Adeva, B., Adinolfi, M., Ajaltouni, Z., Akar, S., Albrecht, J., Alessio, F., Alexander, M., Alfonso Albero, A., Ali, S., Alkhazov, G., Alvarez Cartelle, P., Alves, A. A., Amato, S., Amerio, S., Amhis, Y., An, L., Anderlini, L., Andreassi, G., Andreotti, M., Andrews, J. E., Appleby, R. B., Archilli, F., d’Argent, P., Arnau Romeu, J., Artamonov, A., Artuso, M., Aslanides, E., Auriemma, G., Baalouch, M., Babuschkin, I., Bachmann, S., Back, J. J., Badalov, A., Baesso, C., Baker, S., Balagura, V., Baldini, W., Baranov, A., Barlow, R. J., Barschel, C., Barsuk, S., Barter, W., Baryshnikov, F., Batozskaya, V., Battista, V., Bay, A., Beaucourt, L., Beddow, J., Bedeschi, F., Bediaga, I., Beiter, A., Bel, L. J., Beliy, N., Bellee, V., Belloli, N., Belous, K., Belyaev, I., Ben-Haim, E., Bencivenni, G., Benson, S., Beranek, S., Berezhnoy, A., Bernet, R., Berninghoff, D., Bertholet, E., Bertolin, A., Betancourt, C., Betti, F., Bettler, M. -O., van Beuzekom, M., Bezshyiko, Ia., Bifani, S., Billoir, P., Birnkraut, A., Bitadze, A., Bizzeti, A., Bjørn, M., Blake, T., Blanc, F., Blouw, J., Blusk, S., Bocci, V., Boettcher, T., Bondar, A., Bondar, N., Bonivento, W., Bordyuzhin, I., Borgheresi, A., Borghi, S., Borisyak, M., Borsato, M., Bossu, F., Boubdir, M., Bowcock, T. J. V., Bowen, E., Bozzi, C., Braun, S., Britton, T., Brodzicka, J., Brundu, D., Buchanan, E., Burr, C., Bursche, A., Buytaert, J., Byczynski, W., Cadeddu, S., Cai, H., Calabrese, R., Calladine, R., Calvi, M., Calvo Gomez, M., Camboni, A., Campana, P., Campora Perez, D. H., Capriotti, L., Carbone, A., Carboni, G., Cardinale, R., Cardini, A., Carniti, P., Carson, L., Carvalho Akiba, K., Casse, G., Cassina, L., Castillo Garcia, L., Cattaneo, M., Cavallero, G., Cenci, R., Chamont, D., Charles, M., Charpentier, Ph., Chatzikonstantinidis, G., Chefdeville, M., Chen, S., Cheung, S. F., Chitic, S. -G., Chobanova, V., Chrzaszcz, M., Chubykin, A., Ciambrone, P., Cid Vidal, X., Ciezarek, G., Clarke, P. E. L., Clemencic, M., Cliff, H. V., Closier, J., Cogan, J., Cogneras, E., Cogoni, V., Cojocariu, L., Collins, P., Colombo, T., Comerma-Montells, A., Contu, A., Cook, A., Coombs, G., Coquereau, S., Corti, G., Corvo, M., Costa Sobral, C. M., Couturier, B., Cowan, G. A., Craik, D. C., Crocombe, A., Cruz Torres, M., Currie, R., D’Ambrosio, C., Da Cunha Marinho, F., Dall’Occo, E., Dalseno, J., Davis, A., De Aguiar Francisco, O., De Capua, S., De Cian, M., De Miranda, J. M., De Paula, L., De Serio, M., De Simone, P., Dean, C. 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J., Tisserand, V., Tobin, M., Tolk, S., Tomassetti, L., Tonelli, D., Toriello, F., Tourinho Jadallah Aoude, R., Tournefier, E., Traill, M., Tran, M. T., Tresch, M., Trisovic, A., Tsaregorodtsev, A., Tsopelas, P., Tully, A., Tuning, N., Ukleja, A., Usachov, A., Ustyuzhanin, A., Uwer, U., Vacca, C., Vagner, A., Vagnoni, V., Valassi, A., Valat, S., Valenti, G., Vazquez Gomez, R., Vazquez Regueiro, P., Vecchi, S., van Veghel, M., Velthuis, J. J., Veltri, M., Veneziano, G., Venkateswaran, A., Verlage, T. A., Vernet, M., Vesterinen, M., Viana Barbosa, J. V., Viaud, B., Vieira, D., Vieites Diaz, M., Viemann, H., Vilasis-Cardona, X., Vitti, M., Volkov, V., Vollhardt, A., Voneki, B., Vorobyev, A., Vorobyev, V., Voß, C., de Vries, J. A., Vázquez Sierra, C., Waldi, R., Wallace, C., Wallace, R., Walsh, J., Wang, J., Ward, D. R., Wark, H. M., Watson, N. K., Websdale, D., Weiden, A., Whitehead, M., Wicht, J., Wilkinson, G., Wilkinson, M., Williams, M., Williams, M. P., Williams, M., Williams, T., Wilson, F. F., Wimberley, J., Winn, M., Wishahi, J., Wislicki, W., Witek, M., Wormser, G., Wotton, S. A., Wraight, K., Wyllie, K., Xie, Y., Xu, Z., Yang, Z., Yang, Z., Yao, Y., Yin, H., Yu, J., Yuan, X., Yushchenko, O., Zarebski, K. A., Zavertyaev, M., Zhang, L., Zhang, Y., Zhelezov, A., Zheng, Y., Zhu, X., Zhukov, V., Zonneveld, J. B., and Zucchelli, S. Mon . "First Observation of the Rare Purely Baryonic Decay B0→pp¯". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.232001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1525268.
@article{osti_1525268,
title = {First Observation of the Rare Purely Baryonic Decay B0→pp¯},
author = {Aaij, R. and Adeva, B. and Adinolfi, M. and Ajaltouni, Z. and Akar, S. and Albrecht, J. and Alessio, F. and Alexander, M. and Alfonso Albero, A. and Ali, S. and Alkhazov, G. and Alvarez Cartelle, P. and Alves, A. A. and Amato, S. and Amerio, S. and Amhis, Y. and An, L. and Anderlini, L. and Andreassi, G. and Andreotti, M. and Andrews, J. E. and Appleby, R. B. and Archilli, F. and d’Argent, P. and Arnau Romeu, J. and Artamonov, A. and Artuso, M. and Aslanides, E. and Auriemma, G. and Baalouch, M. and Babuschkin, I. and Bachmann, S. and Back, J. J. and Badalov, A. and Baesso, C. and Baker, S. and Balagura, V. and Baldini, W. and Baranov, A. and Barlow, R. J. and Barschel, C. and Barsuk, S. and Barter, W. and Baryshnikov, F. and Batozskaya, V. and Battista, V. and Bay, A. and Beaucourt, L. and Beddow, J. and Bedeschi, F. and Bediaga, I. and Beiter, A. and Bel, L. J. and Beliy, N. and Bellee, V. and Belloli, N. and Belous, K. and Belyaev, I. and Ben-Haim, E. and Bencivenni, G. and Benson, S. and Beranek, S. and Berezhnoy, A. and Bernet, R. and Berninghoff, D. and Bertholet, E. and Bertolin, A. and Betancourt, C. and Betti, F. and Bettler, M. -O. and van Beuzekom, M. and Bezshyiko, Ia. and Bifani, S. and Billoir, P. and Birnkraut, A. and Bitadze, A. and Bizzeti, A. and Bjørn, M. and Blake, T. and Blanc, F. and Blouw, J. and Blusk, S. and Bocci, V. and Boettcher, T. and Bondar, A. and Bondar, N. and Bonivento, W. and Bordyuzhin, I. and Borgheresi, A. and Borghi, S. and Borisyak, M. and Borsato, M. and Bossu, F. and Boubdir, M. and Bowcock, T. J. 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P. and Williams, M. and Williams, T. and Wilson, F. F. and Wimberley, J. and Winn, M. and Wishahi, J. and Wislicki, W. and Witek, M. and Wormser, G. and Wotton, S. A. and Wraight, K. and Wyllie, K. and Xie, Y. and Xu, Z. and Yang, Z. and Yang, Z. and Yao, Y. and Yin, H. and Yu, J. and Yuan, X. and Yushchenko, O. and Zarebski, K. A. and Zavertyaev, M. and Zhang, L. and Zhang, Y. and Zhelezov, A. and Zheng, Y. and Zhu, X. and Zhukov, V. and Zonneveld, J. B. and Zucchelli, S.},
abstractNote = {The first observation of the decay of a B0 meson to a purely baryonic final state, B0→pp¯, is reported. The proton-proton collision data sample used was collected with the LHCb experiment at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb-1. The branching fraction is determined to be B(B0→pp¯)=(1.25±0.27±0.18)×10-8, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The decay mode B0→pp¯ is the rarest decay of the B0 meson observed to date. The decay Bs0→pp¯ is also investigated. No signal is seen and the upper limit B(Bs0→pp¯)<1.5×10-8 at 90% confidence level is set on the branching fraction.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.232001},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 23,
volume = 119,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

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