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Title: Economy analysis of second-life battery in wind power systems considering battery degradation in dynamic processes: Real case scenarios

Abstract

Energy storage system plays an important role in modern power systems for mitigating the variation and intermittency of renewable energy sources. The Lithium-ion battery is currently the most widely used solution for energy storage system. However, its high cost is considered as one of the major barriers hampering the integration of renewable energy and the adoption of electric vehicles. Reusing electric vehicle batteries seems a promising solution to the aforementioned problem. Based on a dynamic degradation model of Lithium-ion batteries, this paper first compares the profits that second-life and fresh batteries can bring to the wind farm. Model predictive control is adopted to solve an hourly optimal wind scheduling problem and maximize the profit of wind farm owner. Here, the optimal size of battery is determined and then the comparison of second-life and fresh batteries is conducted taking the battery degradation, the profit of the wind farm owner, and various remaining capacities of battery into account. Two case studies in USA and Denmark are conducted and the analysis shows that given the current prices of wind energy and Lithium-ion batteries, reusing batteries is not worthwhile for the studied wind farms, but it may outperform fresh batteries in the future ifmore » the wind energy price decreases much faster than the battery price.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [2];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  2. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  3. Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing (China)
  4. Chongqing Univ., Chongqing (China)
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Electricity, Advanced Modeling Grid Research Program; USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1524628
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1782932
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 251; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0306-2619
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 17 WIND ENERGY; battery degradation; fresh battery; lithium-ion battery; model predictive control; second life battery; wind farm

Citation Formats

Song, Ziyou, Feng, Shuo, Zhang, Lei, Hu, Zunyan, Hu, Xiaosong, and Yao, Rui. Economy analysis of second-life battery in wind power systems considering battery degradation in dynamic processes: Real case scenarios. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113411.
Song, Ziyou, Feng, Shuo, Zhang, Lei, Hu, Zunyan, Hu, Xiaosong, & Yao, Rui. Economy analysis of second-life battery in wind power systems considering battery degradation in dynamic processes: Real case scenarios. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113411
Song, Ziyou, Feng, Shuo, Zhang, Lei, Hu, Zunyan, Hu, Xiaosong, and Yao, Rui. Wed . "Economy analysis of second-life battery in wind power systems considering battery degradation in dynamic processes: Real case scenarios". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113411. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1524628.
@article{osti_1524628,
title = {Economy analysis of second-life battery in wind power systems considering battery degradation in dynamic processes: Real case scenarios},
author = {Song, Ziyou and Feng, Shuo and Zhang, Lei and Hu, Zunyan and Hu, Xiaosong and Yao, Rui},
abstractNote = {Energy storage system plays an important role in modern power systems for mitigating the variation and intermittency of renewable energy sources. The Lithium-ion battery is currently the most widely used solution for energy storage system. However, its high cost is considered as one of the major barriers hampering the integration of renewable energy and the adoption of electric vehicles. Reusing electric vehicle batteries seems a promising solution to the aforementioned problem. Based on a dynamic degradation model of Lithium-ion batteries, this paper first compares the profits that second-life and fresh batteries can bring to the wind farm. Model predictive control is adopted to solve an hourly optimal wind scheduling problem and maximize the profit of wind farm owner. Here, the optimal size of battery is determined and then the comparison of second-life and fresh batteries is conducted taking the battery degradation, the profit of the wind farm owner, and various remaining capacities of battery into account. Two case studies in USA and Denmark are conducted and the analysis shows that given the current prices of wind energy and Lithium-ion batteries, reusing batteries is not worthwhile for the studied wind farms, but it may outperform fresh batteries in the future if the wind energy price decreases much faster than the battery price.},
doi = {10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113411},
journal = {Applied Energy},
number = C,
volume = 251,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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Cited by: 7 works
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