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Title: Relating microstructure, temperature, and chemistry to explosive ignition and shock sensitivity

Abstract

An analysis is put forth that relates explosive properties including microstructure, temperature, and chemistry to explosive ignition and sensitivity. Unlike approaches that focus only on elucidating mesoscopic mechanisms important to ignition, the present analysis seeks a methodology directly applicable to continuum explosive burn models. Because the Scaled Uniform Reactive Front (SURF) burn model has a microstructural basis, it is chosen as the starting point of the present analysis. To build upon the SURF framework, a literal translation is performed of the high-level conceptual notions for which SURF is based, to concrete ignition–combustion parameters, a statistical description of the microstructure, and other thermo-chemical data acquired by non-shock experiments. The analysis requires a void volume fraction distribution acquired from ultra-small angle neutron scattering (USANS). The shock response of PBX 9502 is used to illustrate the theory. While the analysis requires calibration to a shock experiment (the pop plot, for example), the results are a self-consistent set of realistic physical quantities that contribute to the shock initiation process including, initial temperature, chemical kinetics, a statistical description of the microstructure, and the hot spot size, spacing, and temperature. The utility of having a mesoscale based theory is that once the critical hot spot temperature,more » as a function of shock pressure, is known for a given explosive and initial porosity distribution, the entire set of meso- and macro-scale results, including the pop plot can be calculated for any other porosity. Thus, one can understand changes in sensitivity at different densities (void size distributions), relying only on the assumption that the hot spot temperature curve would not differ significantly if the morphology of the hots spots were similar. Another important utility of the present analysis is to address the question of the role of initial temperature on the observed shock sensitivity of PBX 9502 and other explosives.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1524364
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1548990
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-28290
Journal ID: ISSN 0010-2180
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Combustion and Flame
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 190; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0010-2180
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Explosive; Ignition; Initiation; Shock; Detonation; Deflagration

Citation Formats

Perry, William L., Clements, Bradford Edwin, Ma, Xia, and Mang, Joseph Thomas. Relating microstructure, temperature, and chemistry to explosive ignition and shock sensitivity. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.11.017.
Perry, William L., Clements, Bradford Edwin, Ma, Xia, & Mang, Joseph Thomas. Relating microstructure, temperature, and chemistry to explosive ignition and shock sensitivity. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.11.017
Perry, William L., Clements, Bradford Edwin, Ma, Xia, and Mang, Joseph Thomas. Fri . "Relating microstructure, temperature, and chemistry to explosive ignition and shock sensitivity". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.11.017. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1524364.
@article{osti_1524364,
title = {Relating microstructure, temperature, and chemistry to explosive ignition and shock sensitivity},
author = {Perry, William L. and Clements, Bradford Edwin and Ma, Xia and Mang, Joseph Thomas},
abstractNote = {An analysis is put forth that relates explosive properties including microstructure, temperature, and chemistry to explosive ignition and sensitivity. Unlike approaches that focus only on elucidating mesoscopic mechanisms important to ignition, the present analysis seeks a methodology directly applicable to continuum explosive burn models. Because the Scaled Uniform Reactive Front (SURF) burn model has a microstructural basis, it is chosen as the starting point of the present analysis. To build upon the SURF framework, a literal translation is performed of the high-level conceptual notions for which SURF is based, to concrete ignition–combustion parameters, a statistical description of the microstructure, and other thermo-chemical data acquired by non-shock experiments. The analysis requires a void volume fraction distribution acquired from ultra-small angle neutron scattering (USANS). The shock response of PBX 9502 is used to illustrate the theory. While the analysis requires calibration to a shock experiment (the pop plot, for example), the results are a self-consistent set of realistic physical quantities that contribute to the shock initiation process including, initial temperature, chemical kinetics, a statistical description of the microstructure, and the hot spot size, spacing, and temperature. The utility of having a mesoscale based theory is that once the critical hot spot temperature, as a function of shock pressure, is known for a given explosive and initial porosity distribution, the entire set of meso- and macro-scale results, including the pop plot can be calculated for any other porosity. Thus, one can understand changes in sensitivity at different densities (void size distributions), relying only on the assumption that the hot spot temperature curve would not differ significantly if the morphology of the hots spots were similar. Another important utility of the present analysis is to address the question of the role of initial temperature on the observed shock sensitivity of PBX 9502 and other explosives.},
doi = {10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.11.017},
journal = {Combustion and Flame},
number = C,
volume = 190,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:

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Cited by: 10 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Volume weighted size distribution of voids for PBX 9502 (in units of 1/nm) acquired by USANS. The horizontal axis is the void diameter.

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Works referenced in this record:

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Hot-spot generation and growth in shocked plastic-bonded explosives studied by optical pyrometry
journal, June 2019

  • Bassett, Will P.; Johnson, Belinda P.; Salvati, Lawrence
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 125, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5098476

Contrast Variation Small Angle Neutron Scattering Investigation of Micro- and Nano-Sized TATB
journal, August 2019

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Effects of parametric uncertainty on multi-scale model predictions of shock response of a pressed energetic material
journal, June 2019

  • Lee, Sangyup; Sen, Oishik; Rai, Nirmal Kumar
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