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Title: Response of solidification cellular structures in additively manufactured 316 stainless steel to heavy ion irradiation: an in situ study

Abstract

In-core or cladding structural materials exposed to heavy ion irradiation often suffer serious irradiation-induced damages. Introducing defect sinks can effectively mitigate irradiation-induced degradation in materials. Here, we investigated the radiation response of additively manufactured 316 austenitic stainless steel with high-density solidification cellular structures via in situ Kr ++ irradiation at 400°C to 5dpa. The study shows that the trapped dislocations along with the cellular walls can serve as effective defect sinks, thus reduce dislocation loop density compared with the conventional coarse-grained counterparts. This study provides a positive step for the potential applications of radiation-resistant, additively manufactured steels in advanced nuclear reactors.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1524286
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-766646
Journal ID: ISSN 2166-3831; 955011
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Materials Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2166-3831
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Shang, Z., Fan, C., Xue, S., Ding, Jie, Li, Jin, Voisin, T., Wang, Y. M., Wang, H., and Zhang, X. Response of solidification cellular structures in additively manufactured 316 stainless steel to heavy ion irradiation: an in situ study. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1080/21663831.2019.1604442.
Shang, Z., Fan, C., Xue, S., Ding, Jie, Li, Jin, Voisin, T., Wang, Y. M., Wang, H., & Zhang, X. Response of solidification cellular structures in additively manufactured 316 stainless steel to heavy ion irradiation: an in situ study. United States. doi:10.1080/21663831.2019.1604442.
Shang, Z., Fan, C., Xue, S., Ding, Jie, Li, Jin, Voisin, T., Wang, Y. M., Wang, H., and Zhang, X. Wed . "Response of solidification cellular structures in additively manufactured 316 stainless steel to heavy ion irradiation: an in situ study". United States. doi:10.1080/21663831.2019.1604442. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1524286.
@article{osti_1524286,
title = {Response of solidification cellular structures in additively manufactured 316 stainless steel to heavy ion irradiation: an in situ study},
author = {Shang, Z. and Fan, C. and Xue, S. and Ding, Jie and Li, Jin and Voisin, T. and Wang, Y. M. and Wang, H. and Zhang, X.},
abstractNote = {In-core or cladding structural materials exposed to heavy ion irradiation often suffer serious irradiation-induced damages. Introducing defect sinks can effectively mitigate irradiation-induced degradation in materials. Here, we investigated the radiation response of additively manufactured 316 austenitic stainless steel with high-density solidification cellular structures via in situ Kr++ irradiation at 400°C to 5dpa. The study shows that the trapped dislocations along with the cellular walls can serve as effective defect sinks, thus reduce dislocation loop density compared with the conventional coarse-grained counterparts. This study provides a positive step for the potential applications of radiation-resistant, additively manufactured steels in advanced nuclear reactors.},
doi = {10.1080/21663831.2019.1604442},
journal = {Materials Research Letters},
number = 7,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: (a-b) BF and corresponding DF TEM images of the solidification cellular structures in AM 316 SS before irradiation. (c) The size distribution of cells indicates an average cell diameter of ~480nm in the irradiated area. (d) Depth dependent irradiation dose and Kr++ concentration profiles show the radiation conditions.

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Metal Additive Manufacturing: A Review
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    The Dislocation Bias
    journal, August 2007


    Metal Additive Manufacturing: A Review
    journal, April 2014


    Microstructure and Corrosion Resistance of Laser Additively Manufactured 316L Stainless Steel
    journal, February 2016


    Dislocation evolution in metals during irradiation
    journal, November 1985


    Dynamic studies of defect mobility using high voltage electron microscopy
    journal, February 1978


    Survey of computed grain boundary properties in face-centered cubic metals: I. Grain boundary energy
    journal, August 2009


    Additive manufacturing of metals
    journal, September 2016


    Structure/property (constitutive and spallation response) of additively manufactured 316L stainless steel
    journal, October 2017


    Additive manufacturing of ITER first wall panel parts by two approaches: Selective laser melting and electron beam melting
    journal, March 2017


    Formation of metastable cellular microstructures in selective laser melted alloys
    journal, June 2017


    Radiation damage and irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking of additively manufactured 316L stainless steels
    journal, January 2019


    Dislocation network in additive manufactured steel breaks strength–ductility trade-off
    journal, May 2018


    Defect-interface interactions
    journal, October 2015


    Radiation damage in nanostructured materials
    journal, July 2018


    Removal of stacking-fault tetrahedra by twin boundaries in nanotwinned metals
    journal, January 2013

    • Yu, K. Y.; Bufford, D.; Sun, C.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2382

    In-situ atomic-scale observation of irradiation-induced void formation
    journal, August 2013

    • Xu, Weizong; Zhang, Yongfeng; Cheng, Guangming
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3288

    Additively manufactured hierarchical stainless steels with high strength and ductility
    journal, October 2017

    • Wang, Y. Morris; Voisin, Thomas; McKeown, Joseph T.
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 17, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat5021

    Ultrastrong nanocrystalline steel with exceptional thermal stability and radiation tolerance
    journal, December 2018


    Analytic bond-order potential for bcc and fcc iron—comparison with established embedded-atom method potentials
    journal, July 2007


    In situ study on surface roughening in radiation-resistant Ag nanowires
    journal, March 2018


    Design guidelines for laser additive manufacturing of lightweight structures in TiAl6V4
    journal, February 2015

    • Kranz, J.; Herzog, D.; Emmelmann, C.
    • Journal of Laser Applications, Vol. 27, Issue S1
    • DOI: 10.2351/1.4885235

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.