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Title: Planck intermediate results: XI. The gas content of dark matter halos: the Sunyaev-Zeldovich-stellar mass relation for locally brightest galaxies

Abstract

We present the scaling relation between Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) signal and stellar mass for almost 260,000 locally brightest galaxies (LBGs) selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). These are predominantly the central galaxies of their dark matter halos. We calibrate the stellar-to-halo mass conversion using realistic mock catalogues based on the Millennium Simulation. Applying a multi-frequency matched filter to the Planck data for each LBG, and averaging the results in bins of stellar mass, we measure the mean SZ signal down to M * ∼ 2 × 10 11 M , with a clear indication of signal at even lower stellar mass. We derive the scaling relation between SZ signal and halo mass by assigning halo properties from our mock catalogues to the real LBGs and simulating the Planck observation process. This relation shows no evidence for deviation from a power law over a halo mass range extending from rich clusters down to M 500 ~ 2 × 10 13 M , and there is a clear indication of signal down to M 500 ~ 4 × 10 12 M . Planck's SZ detections in such low-mass halos imply that about a quarter of all baryons have now been seenmore » in the form of hot halo gas, and that this gas must be less concentrated than the dark matter in such halos in order to remain consistent with X-ray observations. At the high-mass end, the measured SZ signal is 20% lower than found from observations of X-ray clusters, a difference consistent with the magnitude of Malmquist bias effects that were previously estimated for the X-ray sample.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
Planck Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1523875
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 557; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Ade, P. A. R., Aghanim, N., Arnaud, M., Ashdown, M., Atrio-Barandela, F., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Balbi, A., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Barrena, R., Bartlett, J. G., Battaner, E., Benabed, K., Bernard, J. -P., Bersanelli, M., Bikmaev, I., Bock, J. J., Böhringer, H., Bonaldi, A., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Bouchet, F. R., Bourdin, H., Burenin, R., Burigana, C., Butler, R. C., Cabella, P., Chamballu, A., Chary, R. -R., Chiang, L. -Y, Chon, G., Christensen, P. R., Clements, D. L., Colafrancesco, S., Colombi, S., Colombo, L. P. L., Comis, B., Coulais, A., Crill, B. P., Cuttaia, F., Da Silva, A., Dahle, H., Davis, R. J., de Bernardis, P., de Gasperis, G., de Rosa, A., de Zotti, G., Delabrouille, J., Démoclès, J., Diego, J. M., Dole, H., Donzelli, S., Doré, O., Douspis, M., Dupac, X., Efstathiou, G., Enßlin, T. A., Finelli, F., Flores-Cacho, I., Forni, O., Frailis, M., Franceschi, E., Frommert, M., Galeotta, S., Ganga, K., Génova-Santos, R. T., Giard, M., Giraud-Héraud, Y., González-Nuevo, J., Górski, K. M., Gregorio, A., Gruppuso, A., Hansen, F. K., Harrison, D., Hernández-Monteagudo, C., Herranz, D., Hildebrandt, S. R., Hivon, E., Hobson, M., Holmes, W. A., Hornstrup, A., Hovest, W., Huffenberger, K. M., Hurier, G., Jaffe, T. R., Jaffe, A. H., Jones, W. C., Juvela, M., Keihänen, E., Keskitalo, R., Khamitov, I., Kisner, T. S., Kneissl, R., Knoche, J., Kunz, M., Kurki-Suonio, H., Lähteenmäki, A., Lamarre, J. -M., Lasenby, A., Lawrence, C. R., Le Jeune, M., Leonardi, R., Lilje, P. B., Linden-Vørnle, M., López-Caniego, M., Lubin, P. M., Luzzi, G., Macías-Pérez, J. F., MacTavish, C. J., Maffei, B., Maino, D., Mandolesi, N., Maris, M., Marleau, F., Marshall, D. J., Martínez-González, E., Masi, S., Massardi, M., Matarrese, S., Mazzotta, P., Mei, S., Melchiorri, A., Melin, J. -B., Mendes, L., Mennella, A., Mitra, S., Miville-Deschênes, M. -A., Moneti, A., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Mortlock, D., Munshi, D., Murphy, J. A., Naselsky, P., Nati, F., Natoli, P., Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U., Noviello, F., Novikov, D., Novikov, I., Osborne, S., Oxborrow, C. A., Pajot, F., Paoletti, D., Perotto, L., Perrotta, F., Piacentini, F., Piat, M., Pierpaoli, E., Piffaretti, R., Plaszczynski, S., Pointecouteau, E., Polenta, G., Popa, L., Poutanen, T., Pratt, G. W., Prunet, S., Puget, J. -L., Rachen, J. P., Rebolo, R., Reinecke, M., Remazeilles, M., Renault, C., Ricciardi, S., Ristorcelli, I., Rocha, G., Roman, M., Rosset, C., Rossetti, M., Rubiño-Martín, J. A., Rusholme, B., Sandri, M., Savini, G., Scott, D., Spencer, L., Starck, J. -L., Stolyarov, V., Sudiwala, R., Sunyaev, R., Sutton, D., Suur-Uski, A. -S., Sygnet, J. -F., Tauber, J. A., Terenzi, L., Toffolatti, L., Tomasi, M., Tristram, M., Valenziano, L., Van Tent, B., Vielva, P., Villa, F., Vittorio, N., Wade, L. A., Wandelt, B. D., Wang, W., Welikala, N., Weller, J., White, S. D. M., White, M., Yvon, D., Zacchei, A., and Zonca, A. Planck intermediate results: XI. The gas content of dark matter halos: the Sunyaev-Zeldovich-stellar mass relation for locally brightest galaxies. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220941.
Ade, P. A. R., Aghanim, N., Arnaud, M., Ashdown, M., Atrio-Barandela, F., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Balbi, A., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Barrena, R., Bartlett, J. G., Battaner, E., Benabed, K., Bernard, J. -P., Bersanelli, M., Bikmaev, I., Bock, J. J., Böhringer, H., Bonaldi, A., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Bouchet, F. R., Bourdin, H., Burenin, R., Burigana, C., Butler, R. C., Cabella, P., Chamballu, A., Chary, R. -R., Chiang, L. -Y, Chon, G., Christensen, P. R., Clements, D. L., Colafrancesco, S., Colombi, S., Colombo, L. P. L., Comis, B., Coulais, A., Crill, B. P., Cuttaia, F., Da Silva, A., Dahle, H., Davis, R. J., de Bernardis, P., de Gasperis, G., de Rosa, A., de Zotti, G., Delabrouille, J., Démoclès, J., Diego, J. M., Dole, H., Donzelli, S., Doré, O., Douspis, M., Dupac, X., Efstathiou, G., Enßlin, T. A., Finelli, F., Flores-Cacho, I., Forni, O., Frailis, M., Franceschi, E., Frommert, M., Galeotta, S., Ganga, K., Génova-Santos, R. T., Giard, M., Giraud-Héraud, Y., González-Nuevo, J., Górski, K. M., Gregorio, A., Gruppuso, A., Hansen, F. K., Harrison, D., Hernández-Monteagudo, C., Herranz, D., Hildebrandt, S. R., Hivon, E., Hobson, M., Holmes, W. A., Hornstrup, A., Hovest, W., Huffenberger, K. M., Hurier, G., Jaffe, T. R., Jaffe, A. H., Jones, W. C., Juvela, M., Keihänen, E., Keskitalo, R., Khamitov, I., Kisner, T. S., Kneissl, R., Knoche, J., Kunz, M., Kurki-Suonio, H., Lähteenmäki, A., Lamarre, J. -M., Lasenby, A., Lawrence, C. R., Le Jeune, M., Leonardi, R., Lilje, P. B., Linden-Vørnle, M., López-Caniego, M., Lubin, P. M., Luzzi, G., Macías-Pérez, J. F., MacTavish, C. J., Maffei, B., Maino, D., Mandolesi, N., Maris, M., Marleau, F., Marshall, D. J., Martínez-González, E., Masi, S., Massardi, M., Matarrese, S., Mazzotta, P., Mei, S., Melchiorri, A., Melin, J. -B., Mendes, L., Mennella, A., Mitra, S., Miville-Deschênes, M. -A., Moneti, A., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Mortlock, D., Munshi, D., Murphy, J. A., Naselsky, P., Nati, F., Natoli, P., Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U., Noviello, F., Novikov, D., Novikov, I., Osborne, S., Oxborrow, C. A., Pajot, F., Paoletti, D., Perotto, L., Perrotta, F., Piacentini, F., Piat, M., Pierpaoli, E., Piffaretti, R., Plaszczynski, S., Pointecouteau, E., Polenta, G., Popa, L., Poutanen, T., Pratt, G. W., Prunet, S., Puget, J. -L., Rachen, J. P., Rebolo, R., Reinecke, M., Remazeilles, M., Renault, C., Ricciardi, S., Ristorcelli, I., Rocha, G., Roman, M., Rosset, C., Rossetti, M., Rubiño-Martín, J. A., Rusholme, B., Sandri, M., Savini, G., Scott, D., Spencer, L., Starck, J. -L., Stolyarov, V., Sudiwala, R., Sunyaev, R., Sutton, D., Suur-Uski, A. -S., Sygnet, J. -F., Tauber, J. A., Terenzi, L., Toffolatti, L., Tomasi, M., Tristram, M., Valenziano, L., Van Tent, B., Vielva, P., Villa, F., Vittorio, N., Wade, L. A., Wandelt, B. D., Wang, W., Welikala, N., Weller, J., White, S. D. M., White, M., Yvon, D., Zacchei, A., & Zonca, A. Planck intermediate results: XI. The gas content of dark matter halos: the Sunyaev-Zeldovich-stellar mass relation for locally brightest galaxies. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220941.
Ade, P. A. R., Aghanim, N., Arnaud, M., Ashdown, M., Atrio-Barandela, F., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Balbi, A., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Barrena, R., Bartlett, J. G., Battaner, E., Benabed, K., Bernard, J. -P., Bersanelli, M., Bikmaev, I., Bock, J. J., Böhringer, H., Bonaldi, A., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Bouchet, F. R., Bourdin, H., Burenin, R., Burigana, C., Butler, R. C., Cabella, P., Chamballu, A., Chary, R. -R., Chiang, L. -Y, Chon, G., Christensen, P. R., Clements, D. L., Colafrancesco, S., Colombi, S., Colombo, L. P. L., Comis, B., Coulais, A., Crill, B. P., Cuttaia, F., Da Silva, A., Dahle, H., Davis, R. J., de Bernardis, P., de Gasperis, G., de Rosa, A., de Zotti, G., Delabrouille, J., Démoclès, J., Diego, J. M., Dole, H., Donzelli, S., Doré, O., Douspis, M., Dupac, X., Efstathiou, G., Enßlin, T. A., Finelli, F., Flores-Cacho, I., Forni, O., Frailis, M., Franceschi, E., Frommert, M., Galeotta, S., Ganga, K., Génova-Santos, R. T., Giard, M., Giraud-Héraud, Y., González-Nuevo, J., Górski, K. M., Gregorio, A., Gruppuso, A., Hansen, F. K., Harrison, D., Hernández-Monteagudo, C., Herranz, D., Hildebrandt, S. R., Hivon, E., Hobson, M., Holmes, W. A., Hornstrup, A., Hovest, W., Huffenberger, K. M., Hurier, G., Jaffe, T. R., Jaffe, A. H., Jones, W. C., Juvela, M., Keihänen, E., Keskitalo, R., Khamitov, I., Kisner, T. S., Kneissl, R., Knoche, J., Kunz, M., Kurki-Suonio, H., Lähteenmäki, A., Lamarre, J. -M., Lasenby, A., Lawrence, C. R., Le Jeune, M., Leonardi, R., Lilje, P. B., Linden-Vørnle, M., López-Caniego, M., Lubin, P. M., Luzzi, G., Macías-Pérez, J. F., MacTavish, C. J., Maffei, B., Maino, D., Mandolesi, N., Maris, M., Marleau, F., Marshall, D. J., Martínez-González, E., Masi, S., Massardi, M., Matarrese, S., Mazzotta, P., Mei, S., Melchiorri, A., Melin, J. -B., Mendes, L., Mennella, A., Mitra, S., Miville-Deschênes, M. -A., Moneti, A., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Mortlock, D., Munshi, D., Murphy, J. A., Naselsky, P., Nati, F., Natoli, P., Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U., Noviello, F., Novikov, D., Novikov, I., Osborne, S., Oxborrow, C. A., Pajot, F., Paoletti, D., Perotto, L., Perrotta, F., Piacentini, F., Piat, M., Pierpaoli, E., Piffaretti, R., Plaszczynski, S., Pointecouteau, E., Polenta, G., Popa, L., Poutanen, T., Pratt, G. W., Prunet, S., Puget, J. -L., Rachen, J. P., Rebolo, R., Reinecke, M., Remazeilles, M., Renault, C., Ricciardi, S., Ristorcelli, I., Rocha, G., Roman, M., Rosset, C., Rossetti, M., Rubiño-Martín, J. A., Rusholme, B., Sandri, M., Savini, G., Scott, D., Spencer, L., Starck, J. -L., Stolyarov, V., Sudiwala, R., Sunyaev, R., Sutton, D., Suur-Uski, A. -S., Sygnet, J. -F., Tauber, J. A., Terenzi, L., Toffolatti, L., Tomasi, M., Tristram, M., Valenziano, L., Van Tent, B., Vielva, P., Villa, F., Vittorio, N., Wade, L. A., Wandelt, B. D., Wang, W., Welikala, N., Weller, J., White, S. D. M., White, M., Yvon, D., Zacchei, A., and Zonca, A. Wed . "Planck intermediate results: XI. The gas content of dark matter halos: the Sunyaev-Zeldovich-stellar mass relation for locally brightest galaxies". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220941. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1523875.
@article{osti_1523875,
title = {Planck intermediate results: XI. The gas content of dark matter halos: the Sunyaev-Zeldovich-stellar mass relation for locally brightest galaxies},
author = {Ade, P. A. R. and Aghanim, N. and Arnaud, M. and Ashdown, M. and Atrio-Barandela, F. and Aumont, J. and Baccigalupi, C. and Balbi, A. and Banday, A. J. and Barreiro, R. B. and Barrena, R. and Bartlett, J. G. and Battaner, E. and Benabed, K. and Bernard, J. -P. and Bersanelli, M. and Bikmaev, I. and Bock, J. J. and Böhringer, H. and Bonaldi, A. and Bond, J. R. and Borrill, J. and Bouchet, F. R. and Bourdin, H. and Burenin, R. and Burigana, C. and Butler, R. C. and Cabella, P. and Chamballu, A. and Chary, R. -R. and Chiang, L. -Y and Chon, G. and Christensen, P. R. and Clements, D. L. and Colafrancesco, S. and Colombi, S. and Colombo, L. P. L. and Comis, B. and Coulais, A. and Crill, B. P. and Cuttaia, F. and Da Silva, A. and Dahle, H. and Davis, R. J. and de Bernardis, P. and de Gasperis, G. and de Rosa, A. and de Zotti, G. and Delabrouille, J. and Démoclès, J. and Diego, J. M. and Dole, H. and Donzelli, S. and Doré, O. and Douspis, M. and Dupac, X. and Efstathiou, G. and Enßlin, T. A. and Finelli, F. and Flores-Cacho, I. and Forni, O. and Frailis, M. and Franceschi, E. and Frommert, M. and Galeotta, S. and Ganga, K. and Génova-Santos, R. T. and Giard, M. and Giraud-Héraud, Y. and González-Nuevo, J. and Górski, K. M. and Gregorio, A. and Gruppuso, A. and Hansen, F. K. and Harrison, D. and Hernández-Monteagudo, C. and Herranz, D. and Hildebrandt, S. R. and Hivon, E. and Hobson, M. and Holmes, W. A. and Hornstrup, A. and Hovest, W. and Huffenberger, K. M. and Hurier, G. and Jaffe, T. R. and Jaffe, A. H. and Jones, W. C. and Juvela, M. and Keihänen, E. and Keskitalo, R. and Khamitov, I. and Kisner, T. S. and Kneissl, R. and Knoche, J. and Kunz, M. and Kurki-Suonio, H. and Lähteenmäki, A. and Lamarre, J. -M. and Lasenby, A. and Lawrence, C. R. and Le Jeune, M. and Leonardi, R. and Lilje, P. B. and Linden-Vørnle, M. and López-Caniego, M. and Lubin, P. M. and Luzzi, G. and Macías-Pérez, J. F. and MacTavish, C. J. and Maffei, B. and Maino, D. and Mandolesi, N. and Maris, M. and Marleau, F. and Marshall, D. J. and Martínez-González, E. and Masi, S. and Massardi, M. and Matarrese, S. and Mazzotta, P. and Mei, S. and Melchiorri, A. and Melin, J. -B. and Mendes, L. and Mennella, A. and Mitra, S. and Miville-Deschênes, M. -A. and Moneti, A. and Montier, L. and Morgante, G. and Mortlock, D. and Munshi, D. and Murphy, J. A. and Naselsky, P. and Nati, F. and Natoli, P. and Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U. and Noviello, F. and Novikov, D. and Novikov, I. and Osborne, S. and Oxborrow, C. A. and Pajot, F. and Paoletti, D. and Perotto, L. and Perrotta, F. and Piacentini, F. and Piat, M. and Pierpaoli, E. and Piffaretti, R. and Plaszczynski, S. and Pointecouteau, E. and Polenta, G. and Popa, L. and Poutanen, T. and Pratt, G. W. and Prunet, S. and Puget, J. -L. and Rachen, J. P. and Rebolo, R. and Reinecke, M. and Remazeilles, M. and Renault, C. and Ricciardi, S. and Ristorcelli, I. and Rocha, G. and Roman, M. and Rosset, C. and Rossetti, M. and Rubiño-Martín, J. A. and Rusholme, B. and Sandri, M. and Savini, G. and Scott, D. and Spencer, L. and Starck, J. -L. and Stolyarov, V. and Sudiwala, R. and Sunyaev, R. and Sutton, D. and Suur-Uski, A. -S. and Sygnet, J. -F. and Tauber, J. A. and Terenzi, L. and Toffolatti, L. and Tomasi, M. and Tristram, M. and Valenziano, L. and Van Tent, B. and Vielva, P. and Villa, F. and Vittorio, N. and Wade, L. A. and Wandelt, B. D. and Wang, W. and Welikala, N. and Weller, J. and White, S. D. M. and White, M. and Yvon, D. and Zacchei, A. and Zonca, A.},
abstractNote = {We present the scaling relation between Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) signal and stellar mass for almost 260,000 locally brightest galaxies (LBGs) selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). These are predominantly the central galaxies of their dark matter halos. We calibrate the stellar-to-halo mass conversion using realistic mock catalogues based on the Millennium Simulation. Applying a multi-frequency matched filter to the Planck data for each LBG, and averaging the results in bins of stellar mass, we measure the mean SZ signal down to M* ∼ 2 × 1011 M⊙, with a clear indication of signal at even lower stellar mass. We derive the scaling relation between SZ signal and halo mass by assigning halo properties from our mock catalogues to the real LBGs and simulating the Planck observation process. This relation shows no evidence for deviation from a power law over a halo mass range extending from rich clusters down to M500 ~ 2 × 1013 M⊙, and there is a clear indication of signal down to M500 ~ 4 × 1012 M⊙. Planck's SZ detections in such low-mass halos imply that about a quarter of all baryons have now been seen in the form of hot halo gas, and that this gas must be less concentrated than the dark matter in such halos in order to remain consistent with X-ray observations. At the high-mass end, the measured SZ signal is 20% lower than found from observations of X-ray clusters, a difference consistent with the magnitude of Malmquist bias effects that were previously estimated for the X-ray sample.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201220941},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = ,
volume = 557,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {8}
}

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