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Title: Graphitization of Glassy Carbon after Compression at Room Temperature

Abstract

Glassy carbon is a technologically important material with isotropic properties that is nongraphitizing up to ~3000 °C and displays complete or “superelastic” recovery from large compression. The pressure limit of these properties is not yet known. Here we use experiments and modeling to show permanent densification, and preferred orientation occurs in glassy carbon loaded to 45 GPa and above, where 45 GPa represents the limit to the superelastic and nongraphitizing properties of the material. Furthermore, the changes are explained by a transformation from its sp 2 rich starting structure to a sp 3 rich phase that reverts to fully sp 2 bonded oriented graphite during pressure release.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [2];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [1]
  1. The Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia)
  2. RMIT Univ., Melbourne, VIC (Australia)
  3. The Univ. of Sydney, New South Wales (Australia)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  5. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Carnegie Inst. of Washington, Washington, D.C. (United States)
  6. Curtin Univ., Perth, WA (Australia)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1523764
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1438522
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; SC0001057
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Shiell, Tom B., McCulloch, Dougal G., McKenzie, David R., Field, M. R., Haberl, Bianca, Boehler, Reinhard, Cook, B. A., de Tomas, C., Suarez-Martinez, I., Marks, N. A., and Bradby, Jodie E. Graphitization of Glassy Carbon after Compression at Room Temperature. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.215701.
Shiell, Tom B., McCulloch, Dougal G., McKenzie, David R., Field, M. R., Haberl, Bianca, Boehler, Reinhard, Cook, B. A., de Tomas, C., Suarez-Martinez, I., Marks, N. A., & Bradby, Jodie E. Graphitization of Glassy Carbon after Compression at Room Temperature. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.215701.
Shiell, Tom B., McCulloch, Dougal G., McKenzie, David R., Field, M. R., Haberl, Bianca, Boehler, Reinhard, Cook, B. A., de Tomas, C., Suarez-Martinez, I., Marks, N. A., and Bradby, Jodie E. Wed . "Graphitization of Glassy Carbon after Compression at Room Temperature". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.215701. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1523764.
@article{osti_1523764,
title = {Graphitization of Glassy Carbon after Compression at Room Temperature},
author = {Shiell, Tom B. and McCulloch, Dougal G. and McKenzie, David R. and Field, M. R. and Haberl, Bianca and Boehler, Reinhard and Cook, B. A. and de Tomas, C. and Suarez-Martinez, I. and Marks, N. A. and Bradby, Jodie E.},
abstractNote = {Glassy carbon is a technologically important material with isotropic properties that is nongraphitizing up to ~3000 °C and displays complete or “superelastic” recovery from large compression. The pressure limit of these properties is not yet known. Here we use experiments and modeling to show permanent densification, and preferred orientation occurs in glassy carbon loaded to 45 GPa and above, where 45 GPa represents the limit to the superelastic and nongraphitizing properties of the material. Furthermore, the changes are explained by a transformation from its sp2 rich starting structure to a sp3 rich phase that reverts to fully sp2 bonded oriented graphite during pressure release.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.215701},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 21,
volume = 120,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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Cited by: 6 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: An SEM image of a GC sample after recovery from the DAC showing different stages of the experimental procedure to retrieve samples using a focussed ion beam for TEM imaging and electron diffraction. (1) Pt deposition. (2,5) Successful lamella extraction. (3,4) Failed lamella extractions. (inset) A schematic showingmore » the orientation of the incoming electron beam in the TEM relative to the compression axis. The red circle indicates the boundary between the GC sample and the stainless-steel gasket.« less

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