skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Analysis of surface and seismic sources in dense array data with match field processing and Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling

Abstract

SUMMARY We introduce a methodology based on array processing to detect and locate weak seismic events in a complex fault zone environment. The method is illustrated using data recorded by a dense array of 1108 vertical component geophones in a 600 m × 600 m area on the Clark branch of the San Jacinto Fault. Because surface and atmospheric sources affect weak ground motion, it is necessary to discriminate them from weak seismic sources at depth. Source epicentral positions and associated apparent velocities are extracted from continuous seismic waveforms using Match Field Processing (MFP). We implement MFP at specific frequencies targeting surface and subsurface sources, using for computational efficiency a forward model of acoustic source in a homogenous medium and Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling. Surface sources such as Betsy gun shots and a moving vehicle are successfully located. Weak seismic events are also detected outside of the array, and their backazimuth angle is retrieved and found to be consistent with the fault geometry. We also show that the homogeneous acoustic model does not yield satisfying results when extracting microseismic event depth, because of the ambiguity between depth and the apparent velocity based on surface data.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IRD, IFSTTAR, ISTerre, Maison des Géosciences, 38000 Grenoble, France
  2. Department of Earth Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089–0740, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1523550
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0016520
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Geophysical Journal International
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Geophysical Journal International Journal Volume: 218 Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0956-540X
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Gradon, Chloé, Moreau, Ludovic, Roux, Philippe, and Ben-Zion, Yehuda. Analysis of surface and seismic sources in dense array data with match field processing and Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/gji/ggz224.
Gradon, Chloé, Moreau, Ludovic, Roux, Philippe, & Ben-Zion, Yehuda. Analysis of surface and seismic sources in dense array data with match field processing and Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling. United Kingdom. doi:https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggz224
Gradon, Chloé, Moreau, Ludovic, Roux, Philippe, and Ben-Zion, Yehuda. Thu . "Analysis of surface and seismic sources in dense array data with match field processing and Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling". United Kingdom. doi:https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggz224.
@article{osti_1523550,
title = {Analysis of surface and seismic sources in dense array data with match field processing and Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling},
author = {Gradon, Chloé and Moreau, Ludovic and Roux, Philippe and Ben-Zion, Yehuda},
abstractNote = {SUMMARY We introduce a methodology based on array processing to detect and locate weak seismic events in a complex fault zone environment. The method is illustrated using data recorded by a dense array of 1108 vertical component geophones in a 600 m × 600 m area on the Clark branch of the San Jacinto Fault. Because surface and atmospheric sources affect weak ground motion, it is necessary to discriminate them from weak seismic sources at depth. Source epicentral positions and associated apparent velocities are extracted from continuous seismic waveforms using Match Field Processing (MFP). We implement MFP at specific frequencies targeting surface and subsurface sources, using for computational efficiency a forward model of acoustic source in a homogenous medium and Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling. Surface sources such as Betsy gun shots and a moving vehicle are successfully located. Weak seismic events are also detected outside of the array, and their backazimuth angle is retrieved and found to be consistent with the fault geometry. We also show that the homogeneous acoustic model does not yield satisfying results when extracting microseismic event depth, because of the ambiguity between depth and the apparent velocity based on surface data.},
doi = {10.1093/gji/ggz224},
journal = {Geophysical Journal International},
number = 2,
volume = 218,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggz224

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Locating sources in a dense array through network-based clustering
conference, January 2016

  • Riahi, Nima; Gerstoft, Peter
  • 2016 Information Theory and Applications (ITA), 2016 Information Theory and Applications Workshop (ITA)
  • DOI: 10.1109/ITA.2016.7888149

Abundant off-fault seismicity and orthogonal structures in the San Jacinto fault zone
journal, March 2017

  • Ross, Zachary E.; Hauksson, Egill; Ben-Zion, Yehuda
  • Science Advances, Vol. 3, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1601946

Multiscale matched-field processing for noise-source localization in exploration geophysics
journal, September 2012

  • Corciulo, Margherita; Roux, Philippe; Campillo, Michel
  • GEOPHYSICS, Vol. 77, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1190/geo2011-0438.1

Theoretical limits on detection and analysis of small earthquakes: Limits on Detection of Earthquakes
journal, August 2016

  • Kwiatek, Grzegorz; Ben-Zion, Yehuda
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 121, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016JB012908

Waveform Relocated Earthquake Catalog for Southern California (1981 to June 2011)
journal, October 2012

  • Hauksson, E.; Yang, W.; Shearer, P. M.
  • Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 102, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1785/0120120010

Extraction of phase and group velocities from ambient surface noise in a patch-array configuration
journal, November 2016

  • Chmiel, Malgorzata; Roux, Philippe; Bardainne, Thomas
  • GEOPHYSICS, Vol. 81, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1190/geo2016-0027.1

Localized seismic deformation in the upper mantle revealed by dense seismic arrays
journal, October 2016


High-resolution seismic event detection using local similarity for Large-N arrays
journal, January 2018


Multiband array detection and location of seismic sources recorded by dense seismic networks
journal, February 2016

  • Poiata, Natalia; Satriano, Claudio; Vilotte, Jean-Pierre
  • Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 205, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggw071

The plumbing of Old Faithful Geyser revealed by hydrothermal tremor: OLD FAITHFUL GEYSER
journal, May 2013

  • Vandemeulebrouck, J.; Roux, P.; Cros, E.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/grl.50422

A methodological approach towards high-resolution surface wave imaging of the San Jacinto Fault Zone using ambient-noise recordings at a spatially dense array
journal, May 2016

  • Roux, Philippe; Moreau, Ludovic; Lecointre, Albanne
  • Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 206, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggw193

Focal spot imaging based on zero lag cross‐correlation amplitude fields: Application to dense array data at the San Jacinto fault zone
journal, November 2016

  • Hillers, G.; Roux, P.; Campillo, M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 121, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016JB013014

Internal structure of the San Jacinto fault zone in the trifurcation area southeast of Anza, California, from data of dense seismic arrays
journal, December 2017

  • Qin, L.; Ben-Zion, Y.; Qiu, H.
  • Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 213, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggx540

Imaging subsurface structures in the San Jacinto fault zone with high-frequency noise recorded by dense linear arrays
journal, February 2019

  • Zigone, Dimitri; Ben-Zion, Yehuda; Lehujeur, Maximilien
  • Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 217, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggz069

Basic data features and results from a spatially dense seismic array on the San Jacinto fault zone
journal, May 2015

  • Ben-Zion, Yehuda; Vernon, Frank L.; Ozakin, Yaman
  • Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 202, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggv142

Origin of deep ocean microseisms by using teleseismic body waves
journal, January 2010

  • Landès, Matthieu; Hubans, Fabien; Shapiro, Nikolai M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, Issue B5
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JB006918

Time reversal location of glacial earthquakes
journal, January 2008

  • Larmat, Carène; Tromp, Jeroen; Liu, Qinya
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue B9
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JB005607

Automated microseismic event location using Master-Event Waveform Stacking
journal, May 2016

  • Grigoli, Francesco; Cesca, Simone; Krieger, Lars
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep25744

Characteristics of Airplanes and Helicopters Recorded by a Dense Seismic Array Near Anza California
journal, June 2018

  • Meng, Haoran; Ben-Zion, Yehuda
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 123, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1029/2017JB015240

Detection of small earthquakes with dense array data: example from the San Jacinto fault zone, southern California
journal, September 2017

  • Meng, Haoran; Ben-Zion, Yehuda
  • Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 212, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggx404

The Source-Scanning Algorithm: mapping the distribution of seismic sources in time and space
journal, April 2004


A posteriori probability source localization in an uncertain sound speed, deep ocean environment
journal, May 1991

  • Richardson, A. M.; Nolte, L. W.
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 89, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1121/1.400918

Continuous Kurtosis-Based Migration for Seismic Event Detection and Location, with Application to Piton de la Fournaise Volcano, La Reunion
journal, January 2014

  • Langet, N.; Maggi, A.; Michelini, A.
  • Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 104, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1785/0120130107

Locating hydrothermal acoustic sources at Old Faithful Geyser using Matched Field Processing: Old Faithful viewed through array processing
journal, August 2011


The seismic traffic footprint: Tracking trains, aircraft, and cars seismically
journal, April 2015

  • Riahi, Nima; Gerstoft, Peter
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL063558

Source location using time-reverse imaging: Source location using time-reverse imaging
journal, August 2010


An overview of matched field methods in ocean acoustics
journal, January 1993

  • Baggeroer, A. B.; Kuperman, W. A.; Mikhalevsky, P. N.
  • IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, Vol. 18, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1109/48.262292

Array seismology: Methods and applications
journal, January 2002


Monte Carlo methods in geophysical inverse problems
journal, January 2002


3-D reconstruction of sub-wavelength scatterers from the measurement of scattered fields in elastic waveguides
journal, November 2014

  • Moreau, Ludovic; Hunter, Alan; Velichko, Alexander
  • IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, Vol. 61, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1109/TUFFC.2014.006619

Shallow three-dimensional structure of the San Jacinto fault zone revealed from ambient noise imaging with a dense seismic array
journal, November 2018

  • Mordret, Aurélien; Roux, Philippe; Boué, Pierre
  • Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 216, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggy464

Three-dimensional source tracking in an uncertain environment
journal, January 2009

  • Tollefsen, Dag; Dosso, Stan E.
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 125, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1121/1.3097495