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Title: High resolution time series reveals cohesive but short-lived communities in coastal plankton

Abstract

Because microbial plankton in the ocean comprise diverse bacteria, algae, and protists that are subject to environmental forcing on multiple spatial and temporal scales, a fundamental open question is to what extent these organisms form ecologically cohesive communities. Here we show that although all taxa undergo large, near daily fluctuations in abundance, microbial plankton are organized into clearly defined communities whose turnover is rapid and sharp. We analyze a time series of 93 consecutive days of coastal plankton using a technique that allows inference of communities as modular units of interacting taxa by determining positive and negative correlations at different temporal frequencies. This approach shows both coordinated population expansions that demarcate community boundaries and high frequency of positive and negative associations among populations within communities. Our analysis thus highlights that the environmental variability of the coastal ocean is mirrored in sharp transitions of defined but ephemeral communities of organisms.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  2. Broad Inst., Cambridge, MA (United States); Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Computational and Systems Biology Program
  3. Woods Hole Oceanagraphic Inst., Woods Hole, MA (United States). Dept. of Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering
  4. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Dept. of Biological Engineering; Broad Inst., Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1523509
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0008743
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Martin-Platero, Antonio M., Cleary, Brian, Kauffman, Kathryn, Preheim, Sarah P., McGillicuddy, Dennis J., Alm, Eric J., and Polz, Martin F. High resolution time series reveals cohesive but short-lived communities in coastal plankton. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-02571-4.
Martin-Platero, Antonio M., Cleary, Brian, Kauffman, Kathryn, Preheim, Sarah P., McGillicuddy, Dennis J., Alm, Eric J., & Polz, Martin F. High resolution time series reveals cohesive but short-lived communities in coastal plankton. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-02571-4.
Martin-Platero, Antonio M., Cleary, Brian, Kauffman, Kathryn, Preheim, Sarah P., McGillicuddy, Dennis J., Alm, Eric J., and Polz, Martin F. Thu . "High resolution time series reveals cohesive but short-lived communities in coastal plankton". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-02571-4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1523509.
@article{osti_1523509,
title = {High resolution time series reveals cohesive but short-lived communities in coastal plankton},
author = {Martin-Platero, Antonio M. and Cleary, Brian and Kauffman, Kathryn and Preheim, Sarah P. and McGillicuddy, Dennis J. and Alm, Eric J. and Polz, Martin F.},
abstractNote = {Because microbial plankton in the ocean comprise diverse bacteria, algae, and protists that are subject to environmental forcing on multiple spatial and temporal scales, a fundamental open question is to what extent these organisms form ecologically cohesive communities. Here we show that although all taxa undergo large, near daily fluctuations in abundance, microbial plankton are organized into clearly defined communities whose turnover is rapid and sharp. We analyze a time series of 93 consecutive days of coastal plankton using a technique that allows inference of communities as modular units of interacting taxa by determining positive and negative correlations at different temporal frequencies. This approach shows both coordinated population expansions that demarcate community boundaries and high frequency of positive and negative associations among populations within communities. Our analysis thus highlights that the environmental variability of the coastal ocean is mirrored in sharp transitions of defined but ephemeral communities of organisms.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-017-02571-4},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
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Cited by: 18 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Contrasting dynamics of plankton at different levels of taxonomic resolution. Although relative abundances of bacteria (a) and Eukarya (b) appear relatively stable when evaluated at the phylum to family level, they vary extensively and rapidly at fine-scale taxonomic resolution (OTU-level) (c), also evidenced by different rates of declinemore » in taxonomic similarity (1-Jensen–Shannon distance) for phylum- and OTU-level with increasing time lags (d). Legends for phylum and family-level taxa are ordered from most to least abundant. Error bars in d denote standard error of three independent samples per day« less

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.