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Title: Multi-year and Multi-site Establishment of the Perennial Biomass Crop Miscanthus × giganteus Using a Staggered Start Design to Elucidate N Response

Abstract

Much field research on perennial bioenergy crops confounds effects of plant age with those of the growing season, which increases uncertainty and the potential for erroneous conclusions, particularly in maturing stands. Most studies rely on stands planted in a single year and measured across multiple subsequent seasons. These “single-start” designs lack statistical power to separate temporal from environment effects. We used here a staggered start experimental design to learn if increased statistical power clarified understanding of Miscanthus × giganteus nitrogen (N) needs. We conducted a staggered start experiment with three planting years and five N rates during the M. × giganteus yield-building phase at three sites across IA, USA. Third-year yields were 21.0, 25.0, and 27.1 Mg dry matter (DM) ha -1 at the northwest (NW), central, and southeast (SE) sites, respectively. Nitrogen fertilization effects changed with establishment conditions, but not with plant age. At the most N responsive site, N fertilizer changed yields at all stand ages, but not in every year. Yield increases of 150%, 36%, and 40% were observed in 1-, 2-, and 3-year-old stands, respectively, with N addition. Nitrogen effects on 1-year-old stands were positive in SE IA (2.7 kg DM kg -1 N added), negativemore » (-2.3 kg DM kg -1 N) in NW IA, and variable in central IA (-2.2–9.6 kg DM kg -1 N), suggesting a site–year-specific response. Yield increases between the first and second years varied by > 100% depending on establishment conditions, highlighting the need for repeated planting before determining economic and agronomic crop viability.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Agronomy
  2. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Statistics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23); USDA National Inst. of Food and Agriculture
OSTI Identifier:
1523472
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018420; 1008969
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
BioEnergy Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: BioEnergy Research; Journal ID: ISSN 1939-1234
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
bioenergy; perennial grasses; staggered start; replicated planting year; age effect; experimental design; environmental effect

Citation Formats

Tejera, Mauricio, Boersma, Nicholas, Vanloocke, Andy, Archontoulis, Sotirios, Dixon, Philip, Miguez, Fernando, and Heaton, Emily. Multi-year and Multi-site Establishment of the Perennial Biomass Crop Miscanthus × giganteus Using a Staggered Start Design to Elucidate N Response. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/s12155-019-09985-6.
Tejera, Mauricio, Boersma, Nicholas, Vanloocke, Andy, Archontoulis, Sotirios, Dixon, Philip, Miguez, Fernando, & Heaton, Emily. Multi-year and Multi-site Establishment of the Perennial Biomass Crop Miscanthus × giganteus Using a Staggered Start Design to Elucidate N Response. United States. doi:10.1007/s12155-019-09985-6.
Tejera, Mauricio, Boersma, Nicholas, Vanloocke, Andy, Archontoulis, Sotirios, Dixon, Philip, Miguez, Fernando, and Heaton, Emily. Wed . "Multi-year and Multi-site Establishment of the Perennial Biomass Crop Miscanthus × giganteus Using a Staggered Start Design to Elucidate N Response". United States. doi:10.1007/s12155-019-09985-6.
@article{osti_1523472,
title = {Multi-year and Multi-site Establishment of the Perennial Biomass Crop Miscanthus × giganteus Using a Staggered Start Design to Elucidate N Response},
author = {Tejera, Mauricio and Boersma, Nicholas and Vanloocke, Andy and Archontoulis, Sotirios and Dixon, Philip and Miguez, Fernando and Heaton, Emily},
abstractNote = {Much field research on perennial bioenergy crops confounds effects of plant age with those of the growing season, which increases uncertainty and the potential for erroneous conclusions, particularly in maturing stands. Most studies rely on stands planted in a single year and measured across multiple subsequent seasons. These “single-start” designs lack statistical power to separate temporal from environment effects. We used here a staggered start experimental design to learn if increased statistical power clarified understanding of Miscanthus × giganteus nitrogen (N) needs. We conducted a staggered start experiment with three planting years and five N rates during the M. × giganteus yield-building phase at three sites across IA, USA. Third-year yields were 21.0, 25.0, and 27.1 Mg dry matter (DM) ha-1 at the northwest (NW), central, and southeast (SE) sites, respectively. Nitrogen fertilization effects changed with establishment conditions, but not with plant age. At the most N responsive site, N fertilizer changed yields at all stand ages, but not in every year. Yield increases of 150%, 36%, and 40% were observed in 1-, 2-, and 3-year-old stands, respectively, with N addition. Nitrogen effects on 1-year-old stands were positive in SE IA (2.7 kg DM kg-1 N added), negative (-2.3 kg DM kg-1 N) in NW IA, and variable in central IA (-2.2–9.6 kg DM kg-1 N), suggesting a site–year-specific response. Yield increases between the first and second years varied by > 100% depending on establishment conditions, highlighting the need for repeated planting before determining economic and agronomic crop viability.},
doi = {10.1007/s12155-019-09985-6},
journal = {BioEnergy Research},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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