skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Nonlinear plasma waves driven by short ultrarelativistic electron bunches

Abstract

We advance here a theory of quasistatic approximation and investigate the excitation of nonlinear plasma waves by the driving beam of ultrarelativistic electrons using a novel electrostatic-like particle-in-cell code. Assuming that the beam occupies an infinitesimally small volume, we find the radius and the length of the plasma bubble formed in the wake of the driver for varying values of the beam charge. The mechanism of bubble formation is explained by developing simple models of the bubble at large charges. Plasma electrons expelled by the driver charge excite secondary plasma waves, which complicate the plasma electron flow near the bubble boundary.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [2]
  1. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Applied and Engineering Physics
  2. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Applied and Engineering Physics; Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Physics. Inst. for Fusion Studies
  3. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Physics. Inst. for Fusion Studies
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24); USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25); US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)
OSTI Identifier:
1523264
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1395924
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-04ER54742; SC0007889; SC0010622; FA9550–14-1–0045
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Wang, Tianhong, Khudik, Vladimir, Breizman, Boris, and Shvets, Gennady. Nonlinear plasma waves driven by short ultrarelativistic electron bunches. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4999629.
Wang, Tianhong, Khudik, Vladimir, Breizman, Boris, & Shvets, Gennady. Nonlinear plasma waves driven by short ultrarelativistic electron bunches. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4999629.
Wang, Tianhong, Khudik, Vladimir, Breizman, Boris, and Shvets, Gennady. Mon . "Nonlinear plasma waves driven by short ultrarelativistic electron bunches". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4999629. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1523264.
@article{osti_1523264,
title = {Nonlinear plasma waves driven by short ultrarelativistic electron bunches},
author = {Wang, Tianhong and Khudik, Vladimir and Breizman, Boris and Shvets, Gennady},
abstractNote = {We advance here a theory of quasistatic approximation and investigate the excitation of nonlinear plasma waves by the driving beam of ultrarelativistic electrons using a novel electrostatic-like particle-in-cell code. Assuming that the beam occupies an infinitesimally small volume, we find the radius and the length of the plasma bubble formed in the wake of the driver for varying values of the beam charge. The mechanism of bubble formation is explained by developing simple models of the bubble at large charges. Plasma electrons expelled by the driver charge excite secondary plasma waves, which complicate the plasma electron flow near the bubble boundary.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4999629},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 10,
volume = 24,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Trajectories of electrons near the frontal part of the plasma bubble obtained from quasistatic PIC simulations: (a) Q = 0.01 and (b) Q = 25. Blue and red dashed curves denote representative trajectories touching the bubble boundary at different points. Panels (c) Q = 0.01 and (d) Qmore » = 25 show the change in the particle energy along these trajectories. Black curves are the envelopes of ballistic trajectories determined by Eqs. (27) and (28). The driver is located at the point (ξ, r) = (0, 0).« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Nonlinear theory of intense laser-plasma interactions
journal, April 1990


Fine wakefield structure in the blowout regime of plasma wakefield accelerators
journal, June 2003


Energy loss of a high charge bunched electron beam in plasma: Simulations, scaling, and accelerating wakefields
journal, June 2004

  • Rosenzweig, J. B.; Barov, N.; Thompson, M. C.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.7.061302

Energy doubling of 42 GeV electrons in a metre-scale plasma wakefield accelerator
journal, February 2007

  • Blumenfeld, Ian; Clayton, Christopher E.; Decker, Franz-Josef
  • Nature, Vol. 445, Issue 7129
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature05538

HiPACE: a quasi-static particle-in-cell code
journal, July 2014


A nonlinear theory for multidimensional relativistic plasma wave wakefields
journal, May 2006

  • Lu, W.; Huang, C.; Zhou, M.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 13, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2203364

Energy loss of a high-charge bunched electron beam in plasma: Analysis
journal, June 2004

  • Barov, N.; Rosenzweig, J. B.; Thompson, M. C.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.7.061301

QUICKPIC: A highly efficient particle-in-cell code for modeling wakefield acceleration in plasmas
journal, September 2006


Acceleration of Electrons by the Interaction of a Bunched Electron Beam with a Plasma
journal, February 1985


Acceleration and focusing of electrons in two-dimensional nonlinear plasma wake fields
journal, November 1991


Three-dimensional electromagnetic relativistic particle-in-cell code VLPL (Virtual Laser Plasma Lab)
journal, April 1999


Kinetic modeling of intense, short laser pulses propagating in tenuous plasmas
journal, January 1997

  • Mora, Patrick; Antonsen, Jr., Thomas M.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.872134

Phenomenological theory of laser-plasma interaction in “bubble” regime
journal, November 2004

  • Kostyukov, I.; Pukhov, A.; Kiselev, S.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 11, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1799371

VORPAL: a versatile plasma simulation code
journal, May 2004


Simulation of ultrarelativistic beam dynamics in plasma wake-field accelerator
journal, March 1998


Wake excited in plasma by an ultrarelativistic pointlike bunch
journal, October 2016


Dynamics of boundary layer electrons around a laser wakefield bubble
journal, October 2016

  • Luo, J.; Chen, M.; Zhang, G. -B.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 23, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4966047

Analytic model of electromagnetic fields around a plasma bubble in the blow-out regime
journal, January 2013

  • Yi, S. A.; Khudik, V.; Siemon, C.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 20, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4775774

Two-dimensional dynamics of the plasma wakefield accelerator
journal, January 1987

  • Keinigs, Rhon; Jones, Michael E.
  • Physics of Fluids, Vol. 30, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.866183

Simulation of laser wakefield acceleration of an ultrashort electron bunch
journal, March 2001


Blowout regimes of plasma wakefield acceleration
journal, April 2004


    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.