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Title: Quantum phase-sensitive diffraction and imaging using entangled photons

Abstract

We propose a quantum diffraction imaging technique whereby one photon of an entangled pair is diffracted off a sample and detected in coincidence with its twin. The image is obtained by scanning the photon that did not interact with matter. We show that when a dynamical quantum system interacts with an external field, the phase information is imprinted in the state of the field in a detectable way. The contribution to the signal from photons that interact with the sample scales as I p 1 / 2 , where I p is the source intensity, compared with I p of classical diffraction. This makes imaging with weak fields possible, providing high signal-to-noise ratio, avoiding damage to delicate samples. A Schmidt decomposition of the state of the field can be used for image enhancement by reweighting the Schmidt modes contributions.

Authors:
; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1515584
Grant/Contract Number:  
[DEFG02-04ER15571; DESC0019484]
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America]; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Asban, Shahaf, Dorfman, Konstantin E., and Mukamel, Shaul. Quantum phase-sensitive diffraction and imaging using entangled photons. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1904839116.
Asban, Shahaf, Dorfman, Konstantin E., & Mukamel, Shaul. Quantum phase-sensitive diffraction and imaging using entangled photons. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1904839116.
Asban, Shahaf, Dorfman, Konstantin E., and Mukamel, Shaul. Thu . "Quantum phase-sensitive diffraction and imaging using entangled photons". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1904839116.
@article{osti_1515584,
title = {Quantum phase-sensitive diffraction and imaging using entangled photons},
author = {Asban, Shahaf and Dorfman, Konstantin E. and Mukamel, Shaul},
abstractNote = {We propose a quantum diffraction imaging technique whereby one photon of an entangled pair is diffracted off a sample and detected in coincidence with its twin. The image is obtained by scanning the photon that did not interact with matter. We show that when a dynamical quantum system interacts with an external field, the phase information is imprinted in the state of the field in a detectable way. The contribution to the signal from photons that interact with the sample scales as ∝ I p 1 / 2 , where I p is the source intensity, compared with ∝ I p of classical diffraction. This makes imaging with weak fields possible, providing high signal-to-noise ratio, avoiding damage to delicate samples. A Schmidt decomposition of the state of the field can be used for image enhancement by reweighting the Schmidt modes contributions.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1904839116},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1904839116

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Cited by: 2 works
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