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Title: Isotopic analysis of deuterated water via single- and double-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

Abstract

Spatial segregation of species presents one of the main challenges in quantitative spectroscopy of laser-produced plasmas, as it may lead to overestimation of the concentration of the heavier species. Analytical capabilities can also be affected by excessive Stark broadening at atmospheric pressure, hindering the ability to spectrally resolve closely spaced spectral lines, such as those belonging to isotopes of the same element. We present an experimental and modeling study of the segregation of species and spectral line broadening in D 2O-H 2O plasma produced by single- and double-pulse nanosecond laser ablation in air. The ability to resolve Balmer spectral lines of hydrogen and deuterium is investigated by considering the effects of plume segregation. Transient plasma properties which lead to improvements in spectral line separation are discussed. While the plume segregation is found to be negligible in air regardless of the ablation scheme used, we observe a significant improvement in the separation of isotopic spectral lines by employing the double-pulse excitation. This study may lead to increased reliability of optical emission spectroscopy in deuterium-rich plasma environments and suggests the potential for sensitive detection of tritium in air via laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, and Center for Ultrafast Optical Science
  2. Aix-Marseille Univ., and CNRS/IN2P3, Marseille (France)
  3. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Center for Ultrafast Optical Science
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Nonproliferation and Verification Research and Development (NA-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1515029
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1465895; OSTI ID: 1524434
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002534
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Burger, M., Skrodzki, P. J., Finney, L. A., Hermann, J., Nees, J., and Jovanovic, I. Isotopic analysis of deuterated water via single- and double-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5042665.
Burger, M., Skrodzki, P. J., Finney, L. A., Hermann, J., Nees, J., & Jovanovic, I. Isotopic analysis of deuterated water via single- and double-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5042665.
Burger, M., Skrodzki, P. J., Finney, L. A., Hermann, J., Nees, J., and Jovanovic, I. Wed . "Isotopic analysis of deuterated water via single- and double-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5042665. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1515029.
@article{osti_1515029,
title = {Isotopic analysis of deuterated water via single- and double-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy},
author = {Burger, M. and Skrodzki, P. J. and Finney, L. A. and Hermann, J. and Nees, J. and Jovanovic, I.},
abstractNote = {Spatial segregation of species presents one of the main challenges in quantitative spectroscopy of laser-produced plasmas, as it may lead to overestimation of the concentration of the heavier species. Analytical capabilities can also be affected by excessive Stark broadening at atmospheric pressure, hindering the ability to spectrally resolve closely spaced spectral lines, such as those belonging to isotopes of the same element. We present an experimental and modeling study of the segregation of species and spectral line broadening in D2O-H2O plasma produced by single- and double-pulse nanosecond laser ablation in air. The ability to resolve Balmer spectral lines of hydrogen and deuterium is investigated by considering the effects of plume segregation. Transient plasma properties which lead to improvements in spectral line separation are discussed. While the plume segregation is found to be negligible in air regardless of the ablation scheme used, we observe a significant improvement in the separation of isotopic spectral lines by employing the double-pulse excitation. This study may lead to increased reliability of optical emission spectroscopy in deuterium-rich plasma environments and suggests the potential for sensitive detection of tritium in air via laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy},
doi = {10.1063/1.5042665},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 8,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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