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Title: First experimental demonstration of time-resolved X-ray measurements with next-generation fast-timing MCP-PMT

Abstract

We report the first successful time-resolved X-ray measurements at the APS 10-ID-B beamline by coupling ultrafast scintillators with photodetectors. Multiple scintillator and sensor pairs (LYSO, plastic scintillator, dynode PMTs, MCP-PMT), as well as a standalone detector (diamond), were tested to demonstrate the time-resolved measurements using hard X-rays at energies of 20 keV and above. The experimental results show that a number of choices exist for time-resolved high-energy X-ray beam measurement. Notably, by gating the photocathode, the Argonne fabricated fast-timing microchannel plate photomultiplier and LYSO crystal pair achieved fast signal detection with a rise time of 6 ns and a decay time of 33 ns. Furthermore, these experiments pave the way towards ultrafast imaging technologies using hard X-rays for many applications.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [6];  [6]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  2. Incom, Inc., Charlton, MA (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  5. Illinois Inst. of Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)
  6. Univ. of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC), Baltimore, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
UMA collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1514989
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-23652
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 927; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Atomic; Nuclear and Particle Physics; Ultrafast scintillator crystal and detector; Hard X-ray imaging; Microchannel plate photomultiplier; Rise time; Decay time

Citation Formats

Xie, Junqi, Wagner, Robert, Demarteau, Marcel, Xia, Lei, Adams, Bernhard, Wang, Zhehui, Li, Xuan, Zhu, Renyuan, Zhang, Liyuan, Hu, Chen, Katsoudas, John, Ding, Yujia, Shih, Yanhua, and Smith, Thomas A. First experimental demonstration of time-resolved X-ray measurements with next-generation fast-timing MCP-PMT. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2019.02.057.
Xie, Junqi, Wagner, Robert, Demarteau, Marcel, Xia, Lei, Adams, Bernhard, Wang, Zhehui, Li, Xuan, Zhu, Renyuan, Zhang, Liyuan, Hu, Chen, Katsoudas, John, Ding, Yujia, Shih, Yanhua, & Smith, Thomas A. First experimental demonstration of time-resolved X-ray measurements with next-generation fast-timing MCP-PMT. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2019.02.057.
Xie, Junqi, Wagner, Robert, Demarteau, Marcel, Xia, Lei, Adams, Bernhard, Wang, Zhehui, Li, Xuan, Zhu, Renyuan, Zhang, Liyuan, Hu, Chen, Katsoudas, John, Ding, Yujia, Shih, Yanhua, and Smith, Thomas A. Mon . "First experimental demonstration of time-resolved X-ray measurements with next-generation fast-timing MCP-PMT". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2019.02.057.
@article{osti_1514989,
title = {First experimental demonstration of time-resolved X-ray measurements with next-generation fast-timing MCP-PMT},
author = {Xie, Junqi and Wagner, Robert and Demarteau, Marcel and Xia, Lei and Adams, Bernhard and Wang, Zhehui and Li, Xuan and Zhu, Renyuan and Zhang, Liyuan and Hu, Chen and Katsoudas, John and Ding, Yujia and Shih, Yanhua and Smith, Thomas A.},
abstractNote = {We report the first successful time-resolved X-ray measurements at the APS 10-ID-B beamline by coupling ultrafast scintillators with photodetectors. Multiple scintillator and sensor pairs (LYSO, plastic scintillator, dynode PMTs, MCP-PMT), as well as a standalone detector (diamond), were tested to demonstrate the time-resolved measurements using hard X-rays at energies of 20 keV and above. The experimental results show that a number of choices exist for time-resolved high-energy X-ray beam measurement. Notably, by gating the photocathode, the Argonne fabricated fast-timing microchannel plate photomultiplier and LYSO crystal pair achieved fast signal detection with a rise time of 6 ns and a decay time of 33 ns. Furthermore, these experiments pave the way towards ultrafast imaging technologies using hard X-rays for many applications.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2019.02.057},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 927,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
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This content will become publicly available on February 25, 2020
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