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Title: Nitrate Salt Based Melt Cast Materials

Abstract

Abstract Three new low melting compositions have been developed based on the ingredients amino‐1,2,4‐triazolium nitrate, 3,5‐diamino‐1,2,4‐triazolium nitrate and ammonium nitrate, to create the formulation AAD, in addition to mixtures comprising guanidinium 5‐amino‐tetrazolate and ammonium nitrate in either a 1 : 3 or 1 : 6 mole ratio (GAN13 and GAN16 respectively). The materials melt in the range of 95–100 °C and do not begin to decompose until >195 °C. The formulations are insensitive to impact, spark and friction and were calculated to show promising explosive performance properties (V D =8.78–9.0 km/s, P CJ =28.4–30.6 GPa). HMX mixtures of AAD, GAN13 and GAN16 were also prepared and these materials were characterized with respect to their safety and performance as well.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOD
OSTI Identifier:
1514955
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1402522
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-25863
Journal ID: ISSN 0721-3115
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0721-3115
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; ionic liquid; energetic material; melt cast; tetrazole; ammonium nitrate

Citation Formats

Leonard, Philip W., Chavez, David E., Bowden, Patrick R., and Francois, Elizabeth G. Nitrate Salt Based Melt Cast Materials. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/prep.201700183.
Leonard, Philip W., Chavez, David E., Bowden, Patrick R., & Francois, Elizabeth G. Nitrate Salt Based Melt Cast Materials. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/prep.201700183
Leonard, Philip W., Chavez, David E., Bowden, Patrick R., and Francois, Elizabeth G. Tue . "Nitrate Salt Based Melt Cast Materials". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/prep.201700183. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1514955.
@article{osti_1514955,
title = {Nitrate Salt Based Melt Cast Materials},
author = {Leonard, Philip W. and Chavez, David E. and Bowden, Patrick R. and Francois, Elizabeth G.},
abstractNote = {Abstract Three new low melting compositions have been developed based on the ingredients amino‐1,2,4‐triazolium nitrate, 3,5‐diamino‐1,2,4‐triazolium nitrate and ammonium nitrate, to create the formulation AAD, in addition to mixtures comprising guanidinium 5‐amino‐tetrazolate and ammonium nitrate in either a 1 : 3 or 1 : 6 mole ratio (GAN13 and GAN16 respectively). The materials melt in the range of 95–100 °C and do not begin to decompose until >195 °C. The formulations are insensitive to impact, spark and friction and were calculated to show promising explosive performance properties (V D =8.78–9.0 km/s, P CJ =28.4–30.6 GPa). HMX mixtures of AAD, GAN13 and GAN16 were also prepared and these materials were characterized with respect to their safety and performance as well.},
doi = {10.1002/prep.201700183},
journal = {Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics},
number = 1,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
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Cited by: 6 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Ingredients used in this study

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Works referenced in this record:

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Efficient synthesis of N -methyltetranitropyrrole: A stable, insensitive and high energy melt-castable material
journal, January 2019

  • Thaltiri, Vikranth; Chavva, Kurumurthy; Kumar, B. Sathish
  • New Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 43, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9nj01227c

Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.