skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Benchmark Experiment for Photoionized Plasma Emission from Accretion-Powered X-Ray Sources

Abstract

The interpretation of x-ray spectra emerging from x-ray binaries and active galactic nuclei accreted plasmas relies on complex physical models for radiation generation and transport in photoionized plasmas. These models have not been sufficiently experimentally validated. We have developed here a highly reproducible benchmark experiment to study spectrum formation from a photoionized silicon plasma in a regime comparable to astrophysical plasmas. Ionization predictions are higher than inferred from measured absorption spectra. Self-emission measured at adjustable column densities tests radiation transport effects, demonstrating that the resonant Auger destruction assumption used to interpret black hole accretion spectra is inaccurate.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [5];  [6]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States)
  5. Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States)
  6. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1514932
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1375492; OSTI ID: 1542732
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-23407; LLNL-JRNL-743337
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; NA0003525; NA-0003525; AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Loisel, G. P., Bailey, J. E., Liedahl, D. A., Fontes, C. J., Kallman, T. R., Nagayama, T., Hansen, S. B., Rochau, G. A., Mancini, R. C., and Lee, R. W. Benchmark Experiment for Photoionized Plasma Emission from Accretion-Powered X-Ray Sources. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.075001.
Loisel, G. P., Bailey, J. E., Liedahl, D. A., Fontes, C. J., Kallman, T. R., Nagayama, T., Hansen, S. B., Rochau, G. A., Mancini, R. C., & Lee, R. W. Benchmark Experiment for Photoionized Plasma Emission from Accretion-Powered X-Ray Sources. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.075001.
Loisel, G. P., Bailey, J. E., Liedahl, D. A., Fontes, C. J., Kallman, T. R., Nagayama, T., Hansen, S. B., Rochau, G. A., Mancini, R. C., and Lee, R. W. Wed . "Benchmark Experiment for Photoionized Plasma Emission from Accretion-Powered X-Ray Sources". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.075001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1514932.
@article{osti_1514932,
title = {Benchmark Experiment for Photoionized Plasma Emission from Accretion-Powered X-Ray Sources},
author = {Loisel, G. P. and Bailey, J. E. and Liedahl, D. A. and Fontes, C. J. and Kallman, T. R. and Nagayama, T. and Hansen, S. B. and Rochau, G. A. and Mancini, R. C. and Lee, R. W.},
abstractNote = {The interpretation of x-ray spectra emerging from x-ray binaries and active galactic nuclei accreted plasmas relies on complex physical models for radiation generation and transport in photoionized plasmas. These models have not been sufficiently experimentally validated. We have developed here a highly reproducible benchmark experiment to study spectrum formation from a photoionized silicon plasma in a regime comparable to astrophysical plasmas. Ionization predictions are higher than inferred from measured absorption spectra. Self-emission measured at adjustable column densities tests radiation transport effects, demonstrating that the resonant Auger destruction assumption used to interpret black hole accretion spectra is inaccurate.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.075001},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 7,
volume = 119,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: (a) Top-view schematic, the silicon sample is heated by X-rays and expands to low density. X-ray power and imaging characterize the absolute X-ray irradiance on the sample. (b) Side-view photograph showing the Z-pinch radiator and the sample locations. (c) Measured spectral irradiance (black). For comparison, typical AGN powermore » law spectra with the same Si ionizing flux as the experiment with 1.3 (red) and 2.3 (blue) exponent. (d) The CH-tamped silicon mounted on an edge-free holder enables self-emission collection, with a 3mm tall limiting aperture to avoid plasma edges (see Fig. 1(b)). The CH plastic extends 1mm beyond the Si length L=3, 6 and 12 mm, preventing lateral expansion. (e) Absorption spectral image (linear scale). (f) Si plasma self-emission image collected at 90° from the absorption line-of-sight (log scale).« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Absorption spectroscopy of a laboratory photoionized plasma experiment at Z
journal, March 2014

  • Hall, I. M.; Durmaz, T.; Mancini, R. C.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4865226

Proposed wavelength measurements of silicon X-ray spectra: Application to Vela X-1
journal, January 2008

  • Liedahl, D. A.; Brown, G. V.
  • Canadian Journal of Physics, Vol. 86, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1139/P07-163

Photoionization and High‐Density Gas
journal, March 2001

  • Kallman, T.; Bautista, M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 133, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/319184

X-ray power and yield measurements at the refurbished Z machine
journal, August 2014

  • Jones, M. C.; Ampleford, D. J.; Cuneo, M. E.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4891316

Reprocessing of Soft X‐Ray Emission Lines in Black Hole Accretion Disks
journal, May 2004

  • Mauche, Christopher W.; Liedahl, Duane A.; Mathiesen, Benjamin F.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 606, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/382938

Photoionized astrophysical plasmas in the laboratory
journal, October 2010

  • Hill, Edward; Rose, Steven
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3484225

The effects of photoionization on X-ray reflection spectra in active galactic nuclei
journal, March 1993

  • Ross, R. R.; Fabian, A. C.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 261, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/261.1.74

Fe K α PROFILES FROM SIMULATIONS OF ACCRETING BLACK HOLES
journal, July 2016

  • Kinch, Brooks E.; Schnittman, Jeremy D.; Kallman, Timothy R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 826, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/0004-637X/826/1/52

Analysis and implementation of a space resolving spherical crystal spectrometer for x-ray Thomson scattering experiments
journal, April 2015

  • Harding, E. C.; Ao, T.; Bailey, J. E.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 86, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4918619

The effects of high density on the X-ray spectrum reflected from accretion discs around black holes
journal, July 2016

  • García, Javier A.; Fabian, Andrew C.; Kallman, Timothy R.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 462, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw1696

VISRAD—A 3-D view factor code and design tool for high-energy density physics experiments
journal, September 2003


X‐Ray Spectral Study of the Photoionized Stellar Wind in Vela X‐1
journal, November 2006

  • Watanabe, Shin; Sako, Masao; Ishida, Manabu
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 651, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/507458

Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays
journal, July 2010


Detailed Study of the Stark Broadening of Balmer Lines in a High-Density Plasma
journal, September 1972


Neon photoionization experiments driven by Z-pinch radiation
journal, October 2001

  • Bailey, J. E.; Cohen, D.; Chandler, G. A.
  • Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 71, Issue 2-6
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0022-4073(01)00065-6

Characterization of Flat and Bent Crystals for X-ray Spectroscopy and Imaging
journal, January 1998


A CENSUS OF X-RAY GAS IN NGC 1068: RESULTS FROM 450 ks of CHANDRA HIGH ENERGY TRANSMISSION GRATING OBSERVATIONS
journal, December 2013


Broad line emission from iron K- and L-shell transitions in the active galaxy 1H 0707-495
journal, May 2009


XMM‐Newton Reflection Grating Spectrometer Observations of Discrete Soft X‐Ray Emission Features from NGC 1068
journal, August 2002

  • Kinkhabwala, Ali; Sako, Masao; Behar, Ehud
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 575, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/341482

X-ray photoionized plasmas in space and in the laboratory
journal, June 2011


X-Ray Reflected Spectra from Accretion disk Models. i. Constant Density Atmospheres
journal, July 2010


The Interaction of X-Ray Sources with Optically Thin Environments
journal, June 1969

  • Tarter, C. Bruce; Tucker, Wallace H.; Salpeter, Edwin E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 156
  • DOI: 10.1086/150026

The X‐Ray Spectrum and Global Structure of the Stellar Wind in Vela X‐1
journal, November 1999

  • Sako, Masao; Liedahl, Duane A.; Kahn, Steven M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 525, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/307924

Calibrated simulations of Z opacity experiments that reproduce the experimentally measured plasma conditions
journal, February 2016


Inner‐Shell 1 s –2 p Soft X‐Ray Absorption Lines
journal, May 2002

  • Behar, Ehud; Netzer, Hagai
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 570, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/339581

Iron-Plasma Transmission Measurements at Temperatures Above 150 eV
journal, December 2007


A higher-than-predicted measurement of iron opacity at solar interior temperatures
journal, December 2014

  • Bailey, J. E.; Nagayama, T.; Loisel, G. P.
  • Nature, Vol. 517, Issue 7532
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature14048

X-ray astronomy in the laboratory with a miniature compact object produced by laser-driven implosion
journal, October 2009

  • Fujioka, Shinsuke; Takabe, Hideaki; Yamamoto, Norimasa
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 5, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1402

ZAPP: The Z Astrophysical Plasma Properties collaboration
journal, May 2014

  • Rochau, G. A.; Bailey, J. E.; Falcon, R. E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4875330

The Los Alamos suite of relativistic atomic physics codes
journal, May 2015

  • Fontes, C. J.; Zhang, H. L.; Jr, J. Abdallah
  • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 48, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/48/14/144014

SPECT3D – A multi-dimensional collisional-radiative code for generating diagnostic signatures based on hydrodynamics and PIC simulation output
journal, May 2007


Gravitationally redshifted emission implying an accretion disk and massive black hole in the active galaxy MCG–6–30–15
journal, June 1995

  • Tanaka, Y.; Nandra, K.; Fabian, A. C.
  • Nature, Vol. 375, Issue 6533
  • DOI: 10.1038/375659a0

Charge-State Distribution and Doppler Effect in an Expanding Photoionized Plasma
journal, July 2004


Measuring Black Hole Spin Using X-Ray Reflection Spectroscopy
journal, August 2013


Multilayer mirror monochromatic self-emission x-ray imaging on the Z accelerator
journal, October 2006

  • Jones, B.; Deeney, C.; Coverdale, C. A.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 77, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2220071

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.