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Title: Pressure effect on a tandem hollow cathode discharge in argon

Abstract

The tandem hollow cathode discharge, formulated by arranging two discharges in series, is an important method used to increase the irradiance of a hollow cathode discharge. Here in this paper, based on a two-dimensional fluid model we studied a five-layer tandem hollow cathode discharge, with three hollow electrodes stacked together and separated by the insulators to obtain the configuration of anode/insulator/cathode/insulator/anode from the top to the bottom. In the model, the thickness of both electrodes and insulators is set at 1 cm and the diameter of the hollow cavity is 2 cm. The pressure effect on the discharge properties is investigated with gas pressure ranges from 100 Pa to 5 kPa. The gap voltage first decreases, reaching a minimum sustaining voltage at 1 kPa, and then increases. Based on the two-dimensional electron density distributions, the discharges parameters (including the electron density, ion density, electric potential, and electric field) of one integrated hollow cathode discharge at 1 kPa and two relatively independent discharges at 100 Pa and 4 kPa are presented, respectively. Lastly, the results indicate that the paralleled hollow cathode discharges can be manipulated into one integrated discharge with a higher plasma density by the monotonous control of gas pressure.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Computational Mathematics, Science and Engineering, and Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  2. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Computational Mathematics, Science and Engineering, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Dept. of Mathematics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)
OSTI Identifier:
1514863
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1395925
Grant/Contract Number:  
[SC0001939]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 10]; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Fu, Yangyang, Verboncoeur, John P., and Christlieb, Andrew J. Pressure effect on a tandem hollow cathode discharge in argon. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5004681.
Fu, Yangyang, Verboncoeur, John P., & Christlieb, Andrew J. Pressure effect on a tandem hollow cathode discharge in argon. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5004681.
Fu, Yangyang, Verboncoeur, John P., and Christlieb, Andrew J. Mon . "Pressure effect on a tandem hollow cathode discharge in argon". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5004681. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1514863.
@article{osti_1514863,
title = {Pressure effect on a tandem hollow cathode discharge in argon},
author = {Fu, Yangyang and Verboncoeur, John P. and Christlieb, Andrew J.},
abstractNote = {The tandem hollow cathode discharge, formulated by arranging two discharges in series, is an important method used to increase the irradiance of a hollow cathode discharge. Here in this paper, based on a two-dimensional fluid model we studied a five-layer tandem hollow cathode discharge, with three hollow electrodes stacked together and separated by the insulators to obtain the configuration of anode/insulator/cathode/insulator/anode from the top to the bottom. In the model, the thickness of both electrodes and insulators is set at 1 cm and the diameter of the hollow cavity is 2 cm. The pressure effect on the discharge properties is investigated with gas pressure ranges from 100 Pa to 5 kPa. The gap voltage first decreases, reaching a minimum sustaining voltage at 1 kPa, and then increases. Based on the two-dimensional electron density distributions, the discharges parameters (including the electron density, ion density, electric potential, and electric field) of one integrated hollow cathode discharge at 1 kPa and two relatively independent discharges at 100 Pa and 4 kPa are presented, respectively. Lastly, the results indicate that the paralleled hollow cathode discharges can be manipulated into one integrated discharge with a higher plasma density by the monotonous control of gas pressure.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5004681},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = [10],
volume = [24],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Sketch of the five-layer tandem hollow cathode structure (in r-z plane) with three hollow electrodes stacked together and separated by the insulators. The voltage source U0 is applied on two hollow anodes through a ballast resistor Rb and the hollow cathode is grounded.

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.