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Title: Progress in understanding the four dominant intra-particle phenomena of lignocellulose pyrolysis: chemical reactions, heat transfer, mass transfer, and phase change

Abstract

Four principal intra-particle phenomena occur in a highly concerted manner during the pyrolysis of lignocellulosic materials: heat transfer, mass transfer, chemical reactions, and phase changes. Achieving a holistic understanding of these processes has been challenged by their intricate coupling, high temperatures, and rapid rates at which they occur. Heat and mass transfer have been well studied at the single-particle level but their coupling with chemical reactions and phase change within single particle models remains problematic. Equally challenging is the multiscale coupling of reactor- and single particle-scale models. Too little attention has been given to phase change. Similarly, the presence of oligomeric compounds (constituting up to 20% of the oil) has not been fully accounted for in chemical reaction schemes and physical models developed for pyrolysis. Recent studies have shown that a multiscale approach is key to predictive modelling across a variety of reactor systems. Historical and recent developments are outlined in this pyrolysis review paper regarding these four intra-particle phenomena, as well as modelling efforts to capture their effect on product yields and composition. It is critical for the design of future biomass pyrolysis systems to appropriately account for all four intra-particle phenomena and their inter-connectivities in order to predict,more » achieve, and maintain optimal operation.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, USA
  2. Facultad de Minas, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellín, Colombia
  3. Biological Systems Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1514727
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1510138; OSTI ID: 1512663
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-2700-73833
Journal ID: ISSN 1463-9262; GRCHFJ
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Green Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Green Chemistry Journal Volume: 21 Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1463-9262
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; lignocellulosic materials; pyrolysis

Citation Formats

Pecha, M. Brennan, Arbelaez, Jorge Ivan Montoya, Garcia-Perez, Manuel, Chejne, Farid, and Ciesielski, Peter N. Progress in understanding the four dominant intra-particle phenomena of lignocellulose pyrolysis: chemical reactions, heat transfer, mass transfer, and phase change. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1039/C9GC00585D.
Pecha, M. Brennan, Arbelaez, Jorge Ivan Montoya, Garcia-Perez, Manuel, Chejne, Farid, & Ciesielski, Peter N. Progress in understanding the four dominant intra-particle phenomena of lignocellulose pyrolysis: chemical reactions, heat transfer, mass transfer, and phase change. United Kingdom. doi:10.1039/C9GC00585D.
Pecha, M. Brennan, Arbelaez, Jorge Ivan Montoya, Garcia-Perez, Manuel, Chejne, Farid, and Ciesielski, Peter N. Tue . "Progress in understanding the four dominant intra-particle phenomena of lignocellulose pyrolysis: chemical reactions, heat transfer, mass transfer, and phase change". United Kingdom. doi:10.1039/C9GC00585D.
@article{osti_1514727,
title = {Progress in understanding the four dominant intra-particle phenomena of lignocellulose pyrolysis: chemical reactions, heat transfer, mass transfer, and phase change},
author = {Pecha, M. Brennan and Arbelaez, Jorge Ivan Montoya and Garcia-Perez, Manuel and Chejne, Farid and Ciesielski, Peter N.},
abstractNote = {Four principal intra-particle phenomena occur in a highly concerted manner during the pyrolysis of lignocellulosic materials: heat transfer, mass transfer, chemical reactions, and phase changes. Achieving a holistic understanding of these processes has been challenged by their intricate coupling, high temperatures, and rapid rates at which they occur. Heat and mass transfer have been well studied at the single-particle level but their coupling with chemical reactions and phase change within single particle models remains problematic. Equally challenging is the multiscale coupling of reactor- and single particle-scale models. Too little attention has been given to phase change. Similarly, the presence of oligomeric compounds (constituting up to 20% of the oil) has not been fully accounted for in chemical reaction schemes and physical models developed for pyrolysis. Recent studies have shown that a multiscale approach is key to predictive modelling across a variety of reactor systems. Historical and recent developments are outlined in this pyrolysis review paper regarding these four intra-particle phenomena, as well as modelling efforts to capture their effect on product yields and composition. It is critical for the design of future biomass pyrolysis systems to appropriately account for all four intra-particle phenomena and their inter-connectivities in order to predict, achieve, and maintain optimal operation.},
doi = {10.1039/C9GC00585D},
journal = {Green Chemistry},
number = 11,
volume = 21,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1039/C9GC00585D

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Cited by: 2 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Depiction of the four primary phenomena that occur during biomass pyrolysis: heat and mass transfer occur as anisotropic processes due to the aspherical geometry and directional internal porosity of biomass particles (left); these are coupled to thermally-drivel chemical reactions which promote transition into molten and vapor phases (right).

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