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Title: Plasma Emission Characteristics in Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy of Silicon with Mid-Infrared, Multi-Millijoule, Nanosecond Laser Pulses from a Ho:YLF Excitation Source

Abstract

Here, we characterized the plasma emission produced by the interaction of multimilijoule, 40 ns duration, mid-infrared laser pulses with a silicon surface. The laser pulses were produced by a Q-switched Ho:YLF master oscillator power amplifier system. Using spectral measurements and a framing camera we observed a spatial separation of the plasma plume, increased emission signal with low white light generation, and a drop in the time- and space-averaged apparent plasma density with increasing pump energy. Our findings can be explained by continuous heating of the plasma by the pump pulse due to the more efficient inverse bremsstrahlung absorption at longer wavelengths.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Center for High Energy Density Science. Dept. of Physics
  2. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Center for High Energy Density Science. Dept. of Physics; Inst. for Basic Science, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1513210
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1524123
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002008; 12-63-PULSE-FP014
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Optics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 17; Journal ID: ISSN 1559-128X
Publisher:
Optical Society of America
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Kupfer, Rotem, Quevedo, Hernan, Smith, Herbie, Ha, Thanh, Yandow, Andrew, Tiwari, Ganesh, Richmond, Christopher Grant, Fang, Li, and Hegelich, Bjorn Manuel. Plasma Emission Characteristics in Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy of Silicon with Mid-Infrared, Multi-Millijoule, Nanosecond Laser Pulses from a Ho:YLF Excitation Source. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1364/AO.58.004592.
Kupfer, Rotem, Quevedo, Hernan, Smith, Herbie, Ha, Thanh, Yandow, Andrew, Tiwari, Ganesh, Richmond, Christopher Grant, Fang, Li, & Hegelich, Bjorn Manuel. Plasma Emission Characteristics in Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy of Silicon with Mid-Infrared, Multi-Millijoule, Nanosecond Laser Pulses from a Ho:YLF Excitation Source. United States. doi:10.1364/AO.58.004592.
Kupfer, Rotem, Quevedo, Hernan, Smith, Herbie, Ha, Thanh, Yandow, Andrew, Tiwari, Ganesh, Richmond, Christopher Grant, Fang, Li, and Hegelich, Bjorn Manuel. Tue . "Plasma Emission Characteristics in Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy of Silicon with Mid-Infrared, Multi-Millijoule, Nanosecond Laser Pulses from a Ho:YLF Excitation Source". United States. doi:10.1364/AO.58.004592.
@article{osti_1513210,
title = {Plasma Emission Characteristics in Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy of Silicon with Mid-Infrared, Multi-Millijoule, Nanosecond Laser Pulses from a Ho:YLF Excitation Source},
author = {Kupfer, Rotem and Quevedo, Hernan and Smith, Herbie and Ha, Thanh and Yandow, Andrew and Tiwari, Ganesh and Richmond, Christopher Grant and Fang, Li and Hegelich, Bjorn Manuel},
abstractNote = {Here, we characterized the plasma emission produced by the interaction of multimilijoule, 40 ns duration, mid-infrared laser pulses with a silicon surface. The laser pulses were produced by a Q-switched Ho:YLF master oscillator power amplifier system. Using spectral measurements and a framing camera we observed a spatial separation of the plasma plume, increased emission signal with low white light generation, and a drop in the time- and space-averaged apparent plasma density with increasing pump energy. Our findings can be explained by continuous heating of the plasma by the pump pulse due to the more efficient inverse bremsstrahlung absorption at longer wavelengths.},
doi = {10.1364/AO.58.004592},
journal = {Applied Optics},
number = 17,
volume = 58,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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The role of laser wavelength on plasma generation and expansion of ablation plumes in air
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Atomic Transition Probabilities of Silicon. A Critical Compilation
    journal, September 2008

    • Kelleher, D. E.; Podobedova, L. I.
    • Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, Vol. 37, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.2734566

    Depth Profiling of Phosphorus in Photonic-Grade Silicon Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectrometry
    journal, March 1998


    Elemental analysis of aluminum alloys by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy based on TEA CO2 laser
    journal, April 2017


    Experimental Stark widths and shifts for spectral lines of neutral and ionized atoms
    journal, November 1990

    • Konjević, N.; Wiese, W. L.
    • Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, Vol. 19, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.555847

    Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using mid-infrared femtosecond pulses
    journal, July 2015

    • Hartig, K. C.; Colgan, J.; Kilcrease, D. P.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4927624

    Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
    journal, December 2012

    • Fortes, Francisco J.; Moros, Javier; Lucena, Patricia
    • Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 85, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1021/ac303220r

    Explosive change in crater properties during high power nanosecond laser ablation of silicon
    journal, August 2000

    • Yoo, J. H.; Jeong, S. H.; Greif, R.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 88, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.373865

    Investigation of optimized experimental parameters including laser wavelength for boron measurement in photovoltaic grade silicon using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
    journal, August 2010

    • Darwiche, S.; Benmansour, M.; Eliezer, N.
    • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 65, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2010.04.014

    A New, Simple Approximation for the Deconvolution of Instrumental Broadening in Spectroscopic Band Profiles
    journal, November 2014


    Laser‐plasma interaction during visible‐laser ablation of methods
    journal, July 1996

    • Chang, Jim J.; Warner, Bruce E.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 69, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.118144

    The role of laser wavelength on plasma generation and expansion of ablation plumes in air
    journal, April 2013

    • Hussein, A. E.; Diwakar, P. K.; Harilal, S. S.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 113, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4800925

    Emission features and expansion dynamics of nanosecond laser ablation plumes at different ambient pressures
    journal, January 2014

    • Farid, N.; Harilal, S. S.; Ding, H.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 115, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4862167

    Apparent excitation temperature in laser-induced plasmas
    journal, April 2007


    Electron density and temperature measurements in a laser produced carbon plasma
    journal, September 1997

    • Harilal, S. S.; Bindhu, C. V.; Issac, Riju C.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 82, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.366276

    Evidence for phase-explosion and generation of large particles during high power nanosecond laser ablation of silicon
    journal, February 2000

    • Yoo, J. H.; Jeong, S. H.; Mao, X. L.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 76, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.125894

    Time-resolved plasma properties for double pulsed laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of silicon
    journal, August 2005

    • Mao, Xianglei; Zeng, Xianzhong; Wen, Sy-Bor
    • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 60, Issue 7-8
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2005.06.012

    Multi-element Saha–Boltzmann and Boltzmann plots in laser-induced plasmas
    journal, April 2007

    • Aguilera, J. A.; Aragón, C.
    • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 62, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2007.03.024

    Comparison between single- and double-pulse LIBS at different air pressures on silicon target
    journal, May 2006


    Properties of an air plasma generated by ultraviolet nanosecond laser pulses
    journal, March 2009

    • El-Rabii, Hazem; Victorov, Sergey B.; Yalin, Azer P.
    • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 42, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/42/7/075203