skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Large-Scale Optical Neural Networks Based on Photoelectric Multiplication

; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review X
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review X Journal Volume: 9 Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2160-3308
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Hamerly, Ryan, Bernstein, Liane, Sludds, Alexander, Soljačić, Marin, and Englund, Dirk. Large-Scale Optical Neural Networks Based on Photoelectric Multiplication. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.021032.
Hamerly, Ryan, Bernstein, Liane, Sludds, Alexander, Soljačić, Marin, & Englund, Dirk. Large-Scale Optical Neural Networks Based on Photoelectric Multiplication. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.021032.
Hamerly, Ryan, Bernstein, Liane, Sludds, Alexander, Soljačić, Marin, and Englund, Dirk. Thu . "Large-Scale Optical Neural Networks Based on Photoelectric Multiplication". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.021032.
title = {Large-Scale Optical Neural Networks Based on Photoelectric Multiplication},
author = {Hamerly, Ryan and Bernstein, Liane and Sludds, Alexander and Soljačić, Marin and Englund, Dirk},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevX.9.021032},
journal = {Physical Review X},
number = 2,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.9.021032

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Irreversibility and Heat Generation in the Computing Process
journal, July 1961

  • Landauer, R.
  • IBM Journal of Research and Development, Vol. 5, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1147/rd.53.0183

Shot-noise-limited performance of optical neural networks
journal, May 1996

  • Hayat, M. M.; Saleh, B. E. A.; Gubner, J. A.
  • IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, Vol. 7, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/72.501727

Basic Linear Algebra Subprograms for Fortran Usage
journal, September 1979

  • Lawson, C. L.; Hanson, R. J.; Kincaid, D. R.
  • ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software, Vol. 5, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1145/355841.355847

Optical Associative Memory Using Fourier Transform Holograms
journal, May 1987

  • Paek, Eung G.; Psaltis, Demetri
  • Optical Engineering, Vol. 26, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.7974093

Efficient and self-adaptive in-situ learning in multilayer memristor neural networks
journal, June 2018

The perceptron: A probabilistic model for information storage and organization in the brain.
journal, January 1958

Ultrahigh-efficiency wavelength conversion in nanophotonic periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides
journal, January 2018

Si Nano-Photodiode with a Surface Plasmon Antenna
journal, March 2005

  • Ishi, Tsutomu; Fujikata, Junichi; Makita, Kikuo
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 44, Issue 12, p. L364-L366
  • DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.44.L364

ImageNet Large Scale Visual Recognition Challenge
journal, April 2015

  • Russakovsky, Olga; Deng, Jia; Su, Hao
  • International Journal of Computer Vision, Vol. 115, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11263-015-0816-y

Neuromorphic photonic networks using silicon photonic weight banks
journal, August 2017

Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna
journal, March 2008

Recent Trends in Deep Learning Based Natural Language Processing [Review Article]
journal, August 2018

  • Young, Tom; Hazarika, Devamanyu; Poria, Soujanya
  • IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine, Vol. 13, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/MCI.2018.2840738

A general reinforcement learning algorithm that masters chess, shogi, and Go through self-play
journal, December 2018

Energy consumption in optical modulators for interconnects
journal, January 2012

Network of time-multiplexed optical parametric oscillators as a coherent Ising machine
journal, October 2014

Experimental realization of deep-subwavelength confinement in dielectric optical resonators
journal, August 2018

  • Hu, Shuren; Khater, Marwan; Salas-Montiel, Rafael
  • Science Advances, Vol. 4, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat2355

Low-loss plasmon-assisted electro-optic modulator
journal, April 2018

A Functional Hybrid Memristor Crossbar-Array/CMOS System for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Applications
journal, December 2011

  • Kim, Kuk-Hwan; Gaba, Siddharth; Wheeler, Dana
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl203687n

A fully programmable 100-spin coherent Ising machine with all-to-all connections
journal, October 2016

  • McMahon, Peter L.; Marandi, Alireza; Haribara, Yoshitaka
  • Science, Vol. 354, Issue 6312
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.aah5178

Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light
journal, December 2015

Are optical transistors the logical next step?
journal, January 2010

Toward fJ/bit optical communication in a chip
journal, March 2014

An ultralow power athermal silicon modulator
journal, June 2014

  • Timurdogan, Erman; Sorace-Agaskar, Cheryl M.; Sun, Jie
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5008

Efficient Processing of Deep Neural Networks: A Tutorial and Survey
journal, December 2017

Quantum-mechanical noise in an interferometer
journal, April 1981

Toward optical signal processing using Photonic Reservoir Computing
journal, January 2008

  • Vandoorne, Kristof; Dierckx, Wouter; Schrauwen, Benjamin
  • Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.16.011182

Experimental realization of any discrete unitary operator
journal, July 1994

  • Reck, Michael; Zeilinger, Anton; Bernstein, Herbert J.
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 73, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.73.58

Remnants of semiclassical bistability in the few-photon regime of cavity QED
journal, January 2011

  • Kerckhoff, Joseph; Armen, Michael A.; Mabuchi, Hideo
  • Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.19.024468

56 Gb/s Germanium Waveguide Electro-Absorption Modulator
journal, January 2016

  • Srinivasan, Srinivasan Ashwyn; Pantouvaki, Marianna; Gupta, Shashank
  • Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 34, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2015.2478601

A Monolithically Integrated Large-Scale Optical Phased Array in Silicon-on-Insulator CMOS
journal, January 2018

  • Chung, SungWon; Abediasl, Hooman; Hashemi, Hossein
  • IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 53, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/JSSC.2017.2757009

Deep learning with coherent nanophotonic circuits
journal, June 2017

Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) and Plasmonic-Organic Hybrid (POH) Integration
journal, January 2016

  • Koos, Christian; Leuthold, Juerg; Freude, Wolfgang
  • Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 34, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2015.2499763

Optimal design for universal multiport interferometers
journal, January 2016

  • Clements, William R.; Humphreys, Peter C.; Metcalf, Benjamin J.
  • Optica, Vol. 3, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.3.001460

Large-scale nanophotonic phased array
journal, January 2013

  • Sun, Jie; Timurdogan, Erman; Yaacobi, Ami
  • Nature, Vol. 493, Issue 7431
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11727

Eyeriss: An Energy-Efficient Reconfigurable Accelerator for Deep Convolutional Neural Networks
journal, January 2017

  • Chen, Yu-Hsin; Krishna, Tushar; Emer, Joel S.
  • IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 52, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/JSSC.2016.2616357

A Leaky Integrate-and-Fire Laser Neuron for Ultrafast Cognitive Computing
journal, September 2013

  • Nahmias, Mitchell A.; Shastri, Bhavin J.; Tait, Alexander N.
  • IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 19, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/JSTQE.2013.2257700

First Long-Term Application of Squeezed States of Light in a Gravitational-Wave Observatory
journal, May 2013

A 25 Gb/s 3D-Integrated CMOS/Silicon-Photonic Receiver for Low-Power High-Sensitivity Optical Communication
journal, June 2016

  • Saeedi, Saman; Menezo, Sylvie; Pares, Gabriel
  • Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 34, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2015.2494060

Progress in focal plane array technologies
journal, March 2012

Large-scale Ising spin network based on degenerate optical parametric oscillators
journal, April 2016

Resonant Germanium Nanoantenna Photodetectors
journal, April 2010

  • Cao, Linyou; Park, Joon-Shik; Fan, Pengyu
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl9037278

Quantum Limits in Interferometric Measurements
journal, October 1990

Physical Sources of Noise
journal, May 1956

A 15-ns 32*32-b CMOS multiplier with an improved parallel structure
journal, April 1990

  • Nagamatsu, M.; Tanaka, S.; Mori, J.
  • IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 25, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/4.52175

Optoelectronic Reservoir Computing
journal, February 2012

  • Paquot, Y.; Duport, F.; Smerieri, A.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep00287

GPUs and the Future of Parallel Computing
journal, September 2011

  • Keckler, Stephen W.; Dally, William J.; Khailany, Brucek
  • IEEE Micro, Vol. 31, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/MM.2011.89

Hybrid optical-electronic convolutional neural networks with optimized diffractive optics for image classification
journal, August 2018

Photonic-crystal nano-photodetector with ultrasmall capacitance for on-chip light-to-voltage conversion without an amplifier
journal, January 2016

Quantum Noise in Large-Scale Coherent Nonlinear Photonic Circuits
journal, June 2014

DianNao: a small-footprint high-throughput accelerator for ubiquitous machine-learning
conference, January 2014

  • Chen, Tianshi; Du, Zidong; Sun, Ninghui
  • Proceedings of the 19th international conference on Architectural support for programming languages and operating systems - ASPLOS '14
  • DOI: 10.1145/2541940.2541967

Broadcast and Weight: An Integrated Network For Scalable Photonic Spike Processing
journal, November 2014

  • Tait, Alexander N.; Nahmias, Mitchell A.; Shastri, Bhavin J.
  • Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 32, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2014.2345652

Inverse design of near unity efficiency perfectly vertical grating couplers
journal, January 2018

Communications expands its space
journal, January 2017

Ultra-low-loss on-chip resonators with sub-milliwatt parametric oscillation threshold
journal, January 2017

A Programmable and Configurable Mixed-Mode FPAA SoC
journal, January 2016

  • George, Suma; Kim, Sihwan; Shah, Sahil
  • IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems
  • DOI: 10.1109/TVLSI.2015.2504119

Gradient-based learning applied to document recognition
journal, January 1998

  • Lecun, Y.; Bottou, L.; Bengio, Y.
  • Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 86, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1109/5.726791

All-optical machine learning using diffractive deep neural networks
journal, July 2018

Attojoule Optoelectronics for Low-Energy Information Processing and Communications
journal, February 2017

Single atom optical bistability
journal, August 1988

  • Savage, C. M.; Carmichael, H. J.
  • IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 24, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1109/3.7075

Über einen die Erzeugung und Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristischen Gesichtspunkt
journal, January 1905

Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip
journal, April 2018

Signal detection by complex spatial filtering
journal, April 1964

Photonic information processing beyond Turing: an optoelectronic implementation of reservoir computing
journal, January 2012

  • Larger, L.; Soriano, M. C.; Brunner, D.
  • Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.20.003241

Using additive noise in back-propagation training
journal, January 1992

  • Holmstrom, L.; Koistinen, P.
  • IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/72.105415