skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Ascent velocity and dynamics of the Fiumicino mud eruption, Rome, Italy: MUD ASCENT VELOCITY

Abstract

drilling triggered the eruption of mud near the international airport of Fiumicino (Rome, Italy). We monitored the evolution of the eruption and collected samples for laboratory characterization of physicochemical and rheological properties. Over time, muds show a progressive dilution with water; the rheology is typical of pseudoplastic fluids, with a small yield stress that decreases as mud density decreases. The eruption, while not naturally triggered, shares several similarities with natural mud volcanoes, including mud componentry, grain-size distribution, gas discharge, and mud rheology. We use the size of large ballistic fragments ejected from the vent along with mud rheology to compute a minimum ascent velocity of the mud. Computed values are consistent with in situ measurements of gas phase velocities, confirming that the stratigraphic record of mud eruptions can be quantitatively used to infer eruption history and ascent rates and hence to assess (or reassess) mud eruption hazards.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. degli Studi Roma Tre (Italy)
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1512228
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

Vona, A., Giordano, G., De Benedetti, A. A., D'Ambrosio, R., Romano, C., and Manga, M. Ascent velocity and dynamics of the Fiumicino mud eruption, Rome, Italy: MUD ASCENT VELOCITY. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1002/2015GL064571.
Vona, A., Giordano, G., De Benedetti, A. A., D'Ambrosio, R., Romano, C., & Manga, M. Ascent velocity and dynamics of the Fiumicino mud eruption, Rome, Italy: MUD ASCENT VELOCITY. United States. doi:10.1002/2015GL064571.
Vona, A., Giordano, G., De Benedetti, A. A., D'Ambrosio, R., Romano, C., and Manga, M. Wed . "Ascent velocity and dynamics of the Fiumicino mud eruption, Rome, Italy: MUD ASCENT VELOCITY". United States. doi:10.1002/2015GL064571. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1512228.
@article{osti_1512228,
title = {Ascent velocity and dynamics of the Fiumicino mud eruption, Rome, Italy: MUD ASCENT VELOCITY},
author = {Vona, A. and Giordano, G. and De Benedetti, A. A. and D'Ambrosio, R. and Romano, C. and Manga, M.},
abstractNote = {drilling triggered the eruption of mud near the international airport of Fiumicino (Rome, Italy). We monitored the evolution of the eruption and collected samples for laboratory characterization of physicochemical and rheological properties. Over time, muds show a progressive dilution with water; the rheology is typical of pseudoplastic fluids, with a small yield stress that decreases as mud density decreases. The eruption, while not naturally triggered, shares several similarities with natural mud volcanoes, including mud componentry, grain-size distribution, gas discharge, and mud rheology. We use the size of large ballistic fragments ejected from the vent along with mud rheology to compute a minimum ascent velocity of the mud. Computed values are consistent with in situ measurements of gas phase velocities, confirming that the stratigraphic record of mud eruptions can be quantitatively used to infer eruption history and ascent rates and hence to assess (or reassess) mud eruption hazards.},
doi = {10.1002/2015GL064571},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 15,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Mud volcanoes—the most important pathway for degassing deeply buried sediments
journal, November 2002


Bubble mobility in mud and magmatic volcanoes
journal, March 2015


Gas blowout from shallow boreholes near Fiumicino International Airport (Rome): Gas origin and hazard assessment
journal, June 2015


Correlations between earthquakes and large mud volcano eruptions: EARTHQUAKES AND MUD VOLCANO ERUPTIONS
journal, April 2007

  • Mellors, R.; Kilb, D.; Aliyev, A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 112, Issue B4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JB004489

Gas hazard assessment in a densely inhabited area of Colli Albani Volcano (Cava dei Selci, Roma)
journal, April 2003

  • Carapezza, M. L.; Badalamenti, B.; Cavarra, L.
  • Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Vol. 123, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0377-0273(03)00029-5

A prediction of the longevity of the Lusi mud eruption, Indonesia
journal, August 2011

  • Rudolph, Maxwell L.; Karlstrom, Leif; Manga, Michael
  • Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 308, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2011.05.037

Carbon dioxide degassing from the Albani Hills volcanic region, Central Italy
journal, July 2001


Konsistenzmessungen von Gummi-Benzollösungen
journal, August 1926

  • Herschel, Winslow H.; Bulkley, Ronald
  • Kolloid-Zeitschrift, Vol. 39, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01432034

Drag force on a sphere in steady motion through a yield-stress fluid
journal, January 2007

  • Tabuteau, Hervé; Coussot, Philippe; de Bruyn, John R.
  • Journal of Rheology, Vol. 51, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1122/1.2401614

Laboratory Analysis of Mudflow Properties
journal, August 1988


Mud volcano eruptions and earthquakes in the Northern Apennines and Sicily, Italy
journal, September 2009


Did an earthquake trigger the May 2006 eruption of the Lusi Mud volcano?
journal, May 2007

  • Manga, Michael
  • Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, Vol. 88, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007EO180009

Structural features and the history of mud volcanoes in southern Hokkaido, northern Japan
journal, January 1997

  • Chigira, Masahiro; Tanaka, Kazuhiro
  • The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, Vol. 103, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.5575/geosoc.103.781

The East Java mud volcano (2006 to present): An earthquake or drilling trigger?
journal, August 2008

  • Davies, Richard J.; Brumm, Maria; Manga, Michael
  • Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 272, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.05.029

Creeping motion of a sphere through a Bingham plastic
journal, September 1985


Earthquake triggering of mud volcanoes
journal, November 2009


Strike-slip faulting as a trigger mechanism for overpressure release through piercement structures. Implications for the Lusi mud volcano, Indonesia
journal, November 2009


Mud volcano response to the 4 April 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake
journal, January 2010

  • Rudolph, M. L.; Manga, M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, Issue B12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JB007737

Experimental study on rheologic behaviour of debris flow material
journal, April 2007


Mud volcanoes: Indicators of stress orientation and tectonic controls
journal, November 2012


A newly-emerged (August 2013) artificially-triggered fumarole near the Fiumicino airport, Rome, Italy
journal, June 2014


Initiation of the Lusi mudflow disaster
journal, June 2015

  • Tingay, M. R. P.; Rudolph, M. L.; Manga, M.
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 8, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2472

Triggering of the Lusi mud eruption: Earthquake versus drilling initiation
journal, January 2008

  • Tingay, Mark; Heidbach, Oliver; Davies, Richard
  • Geology, Vol. 36, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1130/G24697A.1

Deep and shallow sources for the Lusi mud eruption revealed by surface deformation: LUSI TIME-DEPENDENT SOURCE MODEL
journal, July 2015

  • Shirzaei, Manoochehr; Rudolph, Maxwell L.; Manga, Michael
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL064576

Rheological characteristics of debris-flow material in South-Gargano watersheds
journal, October 2009


Significance of mud volcanism
journal, January 2002


Composition and flux of explosive gas release at LUSI mud volcano (East Java, Indonesia)
journal, July 2014

  • Vanderkluysen, Loÿc; Burton, Michael R.; Clarke, Amanda B.
  • Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Vol. 15, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GC005275

Large historical eruptions at subaerial mud volcanoes, Italy
journal, January 2012


Mantle-derived CO2 migration along active faults within an extensional basin margin (Fiumicino, Rome, Italy)
journal, December 2014


Sudden deep gas eruption nearby Rome's airport of Fiumicino: SUDDEN DEEP GAS ERUPTION NEARBY ROME
journal, November 2013

  • Ciotoli, Giancarlo; Etiope, Giuseppe; Florindo, Fabio
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013GL058132

Creeping motion of a sphere in tubes filled with Herschel–Bulkley fluids
journal, September 1997


On the behavior of fine mud suspensions
journal, January 1994


Triggering and dynamic evolution of the LUSI mud volcano, Indonesia
journal, September 2007

  • Mazzini, A.; Svensen, H.; Akhmanov, G. G.
  • Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 261, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2007.07.001

SEISMIC TRIGGERING OF ERUPTIONS IN THE FAR FIELD: Volcanoes and Geysers
journal, May 2006


Gas blowout from shallow boreholes at Fiumicino (Rome): Induced hazard and evidence of deep CO2 degassing on the Tyrrhenian margin of Central Italy
journal, August 2007


Lusi mud eruption triggered by geometric focusing of seismic waves
journal, July 2013

  • Lupi, M.; Saenger, E. H.; Fuchs, F.
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 6, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1884

Accidental gas emission from shallow pressurized aquifers at Alban Hills volcano (Rome, Italy): Geochemical evidence of magmatic degassing?
journal, August 2007


The drag on a sphere in a power-law fluid
journal, January 1985