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Title: Influence of seismicity on the Lusi mud eruption

Abstract

Earthquakes trigger the eruption of mud and magmatic volcanoes and affect ongoing eruptive activity. One mechanism that could trigger an eruption is clay liquefaction. In this work we model the propagation of seismic waves beneath the Lusi mud eruption (East Java, Indonesia) using available seismic velocity and density models to assess the effect of subsurface structure on the amplification of incident seismic waves. We find that using an updated subsurface density and velocity structure, there is no significant amplification of incident seismic energy in the Upper Kalibeng Formation, the source of the erupting solids. Thus, the hypothesis that the Lusi eruption was triggered by clay liquefaction appears unlikely to be correct. Independent constraints from gas chemistry as well as analyses of drilling activities at the nearby Banjar-Panji 1 gas exploration well and an analysis of the effects of other earthquakes all favor a drilling trigger.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Portland State Univ., Portland, OR (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Adelaide (Australia)
  4. Univ. of Newcastle, NSW (Australia)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1512154
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; EAR‐1344424
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; Mud volcano; Lusi; Wave propagation; Amplification; Earthquake triggering; Liquefaction

Citation Formats

Rudolph, Maxwell L., Manga, Michael, Tingay, Mark, and Davies, Richard J. Influence of seismicity on the Lusi mud eruption. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1002/2015GL065310.
Rudolph, Maxwell L., Manga, Michael, Tingay, Mark, & Davies, Richard J. Influence of seismicity on the Lusi mud eruption. United States. doi:10.1002/2015GL065310.
Rudolph, Maxwell L., Manga, Michael, Tingay, Mark, and Davies, Richard J. Thu . "Influence of seismicity on the Lusi mud eruption". United States. doi:10.1002/2015GL065310. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1512154.
@article{osti_1512154,
title = {Influence of seismicity on the Lusi mud eruption},
author = {Rudolph, Maxwell L. and Manga, Michael and Tingay, Mark and Davies, Richard J.},
abstractNote = {Earthquakes trigger the eruption of mud and magmatic volcanoes and affect ongoing eruptive activity. One mechanism that could trigger an eruption is clay liquefaction. In this work we model the propagation of seismic waves beneath the Lusi mud eruption (East Java, Indonesia) using available seismic velocity and density models to assess the effect of subsurface structure on the amplification of incident seismic waves. We find that using an updated subsurface density and velocity structure, there is no significant amplification of incident seismic energy in the Upper Kalibeng Formation, the source of the erupting solids. Thus, the hypothesis that the Lusi eruption was triggered by clay liquefaction appears unlikely to be correct. Independent constraints from gas chemistry as well as analyses of drilling activities at the nearby Banjar-Panji 1 gas exploration well and an analysis of the effects of other earthquakes all favor a drilling trigger.},
doi = {10.1002/2015GL065310},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 18,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
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Cited by: 3 works
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Reconnaissance of geotechnical aspects of the 2016 Central Italy earthquakes
    journal, March 2018