skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Characteristics of fast timing MCP-PMTs in magnetic fields

Abstract

The motivation of this paper is to explore the parameters that affect the performance of Microchannel Plate Photomultiplier Tubes (MCP-PMTs) in magnetic fields with the goal to guide their design to achieve a high magnetic field tolerance. MCP-PMTs based on two different designs were tested. The magnetic field tolerance of MCP-PMT based on a design providing independently biased voltages showed a significant improvement (up to 0.7 T) compared to the one utilizing an internal resistor chain design (up to 0.1 T), indicating the importance of individually adjustable voltages. The effects of the rotation angle of the MCP-PMT relative to the magnetic field direction and of the bias voltage between the photocathode and the top MCP were extensively investigated using the MCP-PMT based on the independently biased voltage design. It was found that the signal amplitude of the MCP-PMT exhibits an enhanced performance at a tilt angle of +/- 8°, due to the 8°bias angle of the MCP pores. The maximum signal amplitude was observed at different bias voltages depending on the magnetic field strength.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [4]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States); Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  4. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP); USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
OSTI Identifier:
1511572
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1523819; OSTI ID: 1531161; OSTI ID: 1636370
Report Number(s):
BNL-211591-2019-JAAM; JLAB-PHY-19-2906; DOE/OR/23177-4660; arXiv:1808.07824
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; AC02-06CH11357; AC05-06OR23177
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 929; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Fast timing; Microchannel plate; Photodetector; Electron–ion collider; Particle identification detector; Magnetic field; electron-ion collider; fast timing; magnetic field; microchannel plate; particle identification detector; photodetector

Citation Formats

Hattawy, Mohammad, Xie, Junqi, Chiu, Mickey, Demarteau, Marcel, Hafidi, Kawtar, May, Edward, Repond, José, Wagner, Robert, Xia, Lei, and Zorn, Carl. Characteristics of fast timing MCP-PMTs in magnetic fields. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2019.03.045.
Hattawy, Mohammad, Xie, Junqi, Chiu, Mickey, Demarteau, Marcel, Hafidi, Kawtar, May, Edward, Repond, José, Wagner, Robert, Xia, Lei, & Zorn, Carl. Characteristics of fast timing MCP-PMTs in magnetic fields. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2019.03.045
Hattawy, Mohammad, Xie, Junqi, Chiu, Mickey, Demarteau, Marcel, Hafidi, Kawtar, May, Edward, Repond, José, Wagner, Robert, Xia, Lei, and Zorn, Carl. Fri . "Characteristics of fast timing MCP-PMTs in magnetic fields". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2019.03.045. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1511572.
@article{osti_1511572,
title = {Characteristics of fast timing MCP-PMTs in magnetic fields},
author = {Hattawy, Mohammad and Xie, Junqi and Chiu, Mickey and Demarteau, Marcel and Hafidi, Kawtar and May, Edward and Repond, José and Wagner, Robert and Xia, Lei and Zorn, Carl},
abstractNote = {The motivation of this paper is to explore the parameters that affect the performance of Microchannel Plate Photomultiplier Tubes (MCP-PMTs) in magnetic fields with the goal to guide their design to achieve a high magnetic field tolerance. MCP-PMTs based on two different designs were tested. The magnetic field tolerance of MCP-PMT based on a design providing independently biased voltages showed a significant improvement (up to 0.7 T) compared to the one utilizing an internal resistor chain design (up to 0.1 T), indicating the importance of individually adjustable voltages. The effects of the rotation angle of the MCP-PMT relative to the magnetic field direction and of the bias voltage between the photocathode and the top MCP were extensively investigated using the MCP-PMT based on the independently biased voltage design. It was found that the signal amplitude of the MCP-PMT exhibits an enhanced performance at a tilt angle of +/- 8°, due to the 8°bias angle of the MCP pores. The maximum signal amplitude was observed at different bias voltages depending on the magnetic field strength.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2019.03.045},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 929,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Electron-Ion Collider: The next QCD frontier: Understanding the glue that binds us all
journal, September 2016


Microchannel plate detectors
journal, June 1979


Performance studies of microchannel plate PMTs in high magnetic fields
journal, September 2008

  • Lehmann, A.; Britting, A.; Eyrich, W.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 595, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2008.07.083

Studies of MCP properties
journal, November 2009


Pilot production & commercialization of LAPPD™
journal, July 2015

  • Minot, Michael J.; Bennis, Daniel C.; Bond, Justin L.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 787
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2014.11.025

An Atomic Layer Deposition Method to Fabricate Economical and Robust Large Area Microchannel Plates for Photodetectors
journal, January 2012


Microchannel plate fabrication using glass capillary arrays with Atomic Layer Deposition films for resistance and gain
journal, August 2016

  • Popecki, M. A.; Adams, B.; Craven, C. A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 121, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022580

Atomic layer deposition of alternative glass microchannel plates
journal, November 2015

  • O'Mahony, Aileen; Craven, Christopher A.; Minot, Michael J.
  • Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, Vol. 34, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1116/1.4936231

Extended lifetime MCP-PMTs: Characterisation and lifetime measurements of ALD coated microchannel plates, in a sealed photomultiplier tube
journal, December 2013

  • Conneely, Thomas M.; Milnes, James S.; Howorth, Jon
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 732
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.07.023

Performance characteristics of atomic layer functionalized microchannel plates
conference, September 2013

  • Siegmund, O. H. W.; Richner, N.; Gunjala, G.
  • SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2024919

Measurements of the gain, time resolution, and spatial resolution of a 20×20cm2 MCP-based picosecond photo-detector
journal, December 2013

  • Adams, Bernhard; Elagin, Andrey; Frisch, Henry
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 732
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.07.091

Development and testing of cost-effective, 6 cm×6 cm MCP-based photodetectors for fast timing applications
journal, December 2015

  • Wang, Jingbo; Byrum, Karen; Demarteau, Marcel
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 804
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.09.020

Secondary Electron Yield of Emissive Materials for Large-Area Micro-Channel Plate Detectors: Surface Composition and Film Thickness Dependencies
journal, January 2012


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Fast-timing microchannel plate photodetectors: Design, fabrication, and characterization
    journal, April 2019

    • Xie, Junqi; Demarteau, Marcel; May, Edward
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 90, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5063825