skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: High-performance bifunctional porous non-noble metal phosphide catalyst for overall water splitting

Abstract

Water electrolysis is an advanced energy conversion technology to produce hydrogen as a clean and sustainable chemical fuel, which potentially stores the abundant but intermittent renewable energy sources scalably. Since the overall water splitting is an uphill reaction in low efficiency, innovative breakthroughs are desirable to greatly improve the efficiency by rationally designing non-precious metal-based robust bifunctional catalysts for promoting both the cathodic hydrogen evolution and anodic oxygen evolution reactions. We report a hybrid catalyst constructed by iron and dinickel phosphides on nickel foams that drives both the hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions well in base, and thus substantially expedites overall water splitting at 10 mA cm–2 with 1.42 V, which outperforms the integrated iridium (IV) oxide and platinum couple (1.57 V), and are among the best activities currently. Especially, it delivers 500 mA cm–2 at 1.72 V without decay even after the durability test for 40 h, providing great potential for large-scale applications.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [2];  [3];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Houston, Houston, TX (United States); Hunan Normal Univ., Changsha (China)
  2. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Houston, Houston, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Houston, Houston, TX (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1511473
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0010831; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN

Citation Formats

Yu, Fang, Zhou, Haiqing, Huang, Yufeng, Sun, Jingying, Qin, Fan, Bao, Jiming, Goddard, III, William A., Chen, Shuo, and Ren, Zhifeng. High-performance bifunctional porous non-noble metal phosphide catalyst for overall water splitting. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04746-z.
Yu, Fang, Zhou, Haiqing, Huang, Yufeng, Sun, Jingying, Qin, Fan, Bao, Jiming, Goddard, III, William A., Chen, Shuo, & Ren, Zhifeng. High-performance bifunctional porous non-noble metal phosphide catalyst for overall water splitting. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04746-z.
Yu, Fang, Zhou, Haiqing, Huang, Yufeng, Sun, Jingying, Qin, Fan, Bao, Jiming, Goddard, III, William A., Chen, Shuo, and Ren, Zhifeng. Fri . "High-performance bifunctional porous non-noble metal phosphide catalyst for overall water splitting". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04746-z. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1511473.
@article{osti_1511473,
title = {High-performance bifunctional porous non-noble metal phosphide catalyst for overall water splitting},
author = {Yu, Fang and Zhou, Haiqing and Huang, Yufeng and Sun, Jingying and Qin, Fan and Bao, Jiming and Goddard, III, William A. and Chen, Shuo and Ren, Zhifeng},
abstractNote = {Water electrolysis is an advanced energy conversion technology to produce hydrogen as a clean and sustainable chemical fuel, which potentially stores the abundant but intermittent renewable energy sources scalably. Since the overall water splitting is an uphill reaction in low efficiency, innovative breakthroughs are desirable to greatly improve the efficiency by rationally designing non-precious metal-based robust bifunctional catalysts for promoting both the cathodic hydrogen evolution and anodic oxygen evolution reactions. We report a hybrid catalyst constructed by iron and dinickel phosphides on nickel foams that drives both the hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions well in base, and thus substantially expedites overall water splitting at 10 mA cm–2 with 1.42 V, which outperforms the integrated iridium (IV) oxide and platinum couple (1.57 V), and are among the best activities currently. Especially, it delivers 500 mA cm–2 at 1.72 V without decay even after the durability test for 40 h, providing great potential for large-scale applications.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-04746-z},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 169 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Synthesis and microscopic characterization of as-prepared FeP/Ni2P hybrid. a Low-magnification SEM images of FeP/Ni2P nanoparticles supported on Ni foam. Scale bar, 5 μm. b High-magnification SEM images of FeP/Ni2P nanoparticles supported on Ni foam. Scale bar, 200 nm. c The SAED pattern taken from the FeP/Ni2P catalysts. Scalemore » bar, 2 1/nm. d A typical HRTEM image taken from the FeP/Ni2P catalysts. Scale bar, 2 nm. e The TEM image and corresponding EDX elemental mapping. Scale bar, 100 nm. f XPS analysis. g A typical XRD pattern of the samples (we did not show the full intensity of the peaks from Ni so that the peaks from the catalysts can be better viewed)« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple
journal, October 1996

  • Perdew, John P.; Burke, Kieron; Ernzerhof, Matthias
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 77, Issue 18, p. 3865-3868
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.3865

Projector augmented-wave method
journal, December 1994


Hierarchical NiCo 2 S 4 Nanowire Arrays Supported on Ni Foam: An Efficient and Durable Bifunctional Electrocatalyst for Oxygen and Hydrogen Evolution Reactions
journal, April 2016

  • Sivanantham, Arumugam; Ganesan, Pandian; Shanmugam, Sangaraju
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201600566

Recent progress in alkaline water electrolysis for hydrogen production and applications
journal, June 2010


FeP Nanoparticles Film Grown on Carbon Cloth: An Ultrahighly Active 3D Hydrogen Evolution Cathode in Both Acidic and Neutral Solutions
journal, November 2014

  • Tian, Jingqi; Liu, Qian; Liang, Yanhui
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/am5064684

Exact Coulomb cutoff technique for supercell calculations
journal, May 2006


Insight on Tafel slopes from a microkinetic analysis of aqueous electrocatalysis for energy conversion
journal, September 2015

  • Shinagawa, Tatsuya; Garcia-Esparza, Angel T.; Takanabe, Kazuhiro
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep13801

Template-Free Synthesis of Hollow Iron Phosphide–Phosphate Composite Nanotubes for Use as Active and Stable Oxygen Evolution Electrocatalysts
journal, January 2018

  • Xu, Junyuan; Xiong, Dehua; Amorim, Isilda
  • ACS Applied Nano Materials, Vol. 1, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsanm.7b00122

Earth-abundant inorganic electrocatalysts and their nanostructures for energy conversion applications
journal, January 2014

  • Faber, Matthew S.; Jin, Song
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 7, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE01760A

From ultrasoft pseudopotentials to the projector augmented-wave method
journal, January 1999


Fast electrosynthesis of Fe-containing layered double hydroxide arrays toward highly efficient electrocatalytic oxidation reactions
journal, January 2015

  • Li, Zhenhua; Shao, Mingfei; An, Hongli
  • Chemical Science, Vol. 6, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5SC02417J

The charge-asymmetric nonlocally determined local-electric (CANDLE) solvation model
journal, February 2015

  • Sundararaman, Ravishankar; Goddard, William A.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 142, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4907731

Efficient hydrogen evolution catalysis using ternary pyrite-type cobalt phosphosulphide
journal, September 2015

  • Cabán-Acevedo, Miguel; Stone, Michael L.; Schmidt, J. R.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4410

Developments of Metal Phosphides as Efficient OER Precatalysts
journal, December 2016


Highly active catalyst derived from a 3D foam of Fe(PO 3 ) 2 /Ni 2 P for extremely efficient water oxidation
journal, May 2017

  • Zhou, Haiqing; Yu, Fang; Sun, Jingying
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1701562114

Solid-State Water Electrolysis with an Alkaline Membrane
journal, May 2012

  • Leng, Yongjun; Chen, Guang; Mendoza, Alfonso J.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 134, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja302439z

Self-Supported Cobalt Phosphide Mesoporous Nanorod Arrays: A Flexible and Bifunctional Electrode for Highly Active Electrocatalytic Water Reduction and Oxidation
journal, November 2015

  • Zhu, Yun-Pei; Liu, Yu-Ping; Ren, Tie-Zhen
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 25, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201503666

CoSe 2 Nanoparticles Grown on Carbon Fiber Paper: An Efficient and Stable Electrocatalyst for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction
journal, March 2014

  • Kong, Desheng; Wang, Haotian; Lu, Zhiyi
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja501497n

Ab initiomolecular dynamics for liquid metals
journal, January 1993


A Flexible Electrode Based on Iron Phosphide Nanotubes for Overall Water Splitting
journal, October 2015

  • Yan, Ya; Xia, Bao Yu; Ge, Xiaoming
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 21, Issue 50
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201503777

Noble metal-free hydrogen evolution catalysts for water splitting
journal, January 2015

  • Zou, Xiaoxin; Zhang, Yu
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 44, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CS00448E

Ni 2 P as a Janus catalyst for water splitting: the oxygen evolution activity of Ni 2 P nanoparticles
journal, January 2015

  • Stern, Lucas-Alexandre; Feng, Ligang; Song, Fang
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 8, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5EE01155H

Porous MoO 2 Nanosheets as Non-noble Bifunctional Electrocatalysts for Overall Water Splitting
journal, March 2016


The impact of widespread deployment of fuel cell vehicles on platinum demand and price
journal, August 2011


Porous Cobalt-Based Thin Film as a Bifunctional Catalyst for Hydrogen Generation and Oxygen Generation
journal, April 2015


Three-Dimensional Nanoporous Iron Nitride Film as an Efficient Electrocatalyst for Water Oxidation
journal, February 2017


Joint Density-Functional Theory:  Ab Initio Study of Cr 2 O 3 Surface Chemistry in Solution
journal, August 2005

  • Petrosyan, S. A.; Rigos, A. A.; Arias, T. A.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 109, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp044822k

Highly efficient hydrogen evolution by self-standing nickel phosphide-based hybrid nanosheet arrays electrocatalyst
journal, March 2018


A consistent and accurate ab initio parametrization of density functional dispersion correction (DFT-D) for the 94 elements H-Pu
journal, April 2010

  • Grimme, Stefan; Antony, Jens; Ehrlich, Stephan
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 132, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3382344

The Synthesis of Nanostructured Ni 5 P 4 Films and their Use as a Non-Noble Bifunctional Electrocatalyst for Full Water Splitting
journal, June 2015

  • Ledendecker, Marc; Krick Calderón, Sandra; Papp, Christian
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201502438

Implicit solvation model for density-functional study of nanocrystal surfaces and reaction pathways
journal, February 2014

  • Mathew, Kiran; Sundararaman, Ravishankar; Letchworth-Weaver, Kendra
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 140, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4865107

CoP 2 nanoparticles on reduced graphene oxide sheets as a super-efficient bifunctional electrocatalyst for full water splitting
journal, January 2016

  • Wang, Jianmei; Yang, Wenrong; Liu, Jingquan
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6TA00596A

NiSe Nanowire Film Supported on Nickel Foam: An Efficient and Stable 3D Bifunctional Electrode for Full Water Splitting
journal, July 2015

  • Tang, Chun; Cheng, Ningyan; Pu, Zonghua
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201503407

Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple [Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3865 (1996)]
journal, February 1997


Hierarchically Porous Nickel Sulfide Multifunctional Superstructures
journal, January 2016


Water photolysis at 12.3% efficiency via perovskite photovoltaics and Earth-abundant catalysts
journal, September 2014


Efficient iterative schemes for ab initio total-energy calculations using a plane-wave basis set
journal, October 1996


Measurement Techniques for the Study of Thin Film Heterogeneous Water Oxidation Electrocatalysts
journal, October 2016


Highly Efficient Hydrogen Evolution from Edge-Oriented WS 2(1– x ) Se 2 x Particles on Three-Dimensional Porous NiSe 2 Foam
journal, November 2016


Gold-supported cerium-doped NiOx catalysts for water oxidation
journal, April 2016

  • Ng, Jia Wei Desmond; García-Melchor, Max; Bajdich, Michal
  • Nature Energy, Vol. 1, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nenergy.2016.53

Nickel–Iron Oxyhydroxide Oxygen-Evolution Electrocatalysts: The Role of Intentional and Incidental Iron Incorporation
journal, April 2014

  • Trotochaud, Lena; Young, Samantha L.; Ranney, James K.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja502379c

New algebraic formulation of density functional calculation
journal, June 2000


Electrocatalytic Water Oxidation at Neutral pH by a Nanostructured Co(PO 3 ) 2 Anode
journal, August 2012


Surface Oxidized Cobalt-Phosphide Nanorods As an Advanced Oxygen Evolution Catalyst in Alkaline Solution
journal, October 2015


Hierarchical NiCo 2 O 4 Hollow Microcuboids as Bifunctional Electrocatalysts for Overall Water-Splitting
journal, April 2016

  • Gao, Xuehui; Zhang, Hongxiu; Li, Quanguo
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 55, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201600525

Photochemical Route for Accessing Amorphous Metal Oxide Materials for Water Oxidation Catalysis
journal, March 2013

  • Smith, Rodney D. L.; Prévot, Mathieu S.; Fagan, Randal D.
  • Science, Vol. 340, Issue 6128
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1233638

A comprehensive review on PEM water electrolysis
journal, April 2013

  • Carmo, Marcelo; Fritz, David L.; Mergel, Jürgen
  • International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 38, Issue 12, p. 4901-4934
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.01.151

One-Step Synthesis of Self-Supported Nickel Phosphide Nanosheet Array Cathodes for Efficient Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Generation
journal, June 2015

  • Wang, Xiaoguang; Kolen'ko, Yury V.; Bao, Xiao-Qing
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201502577

Efficient hydrogen evolution by ternary molybdenum sulfoselenide particles on self-standing porous nickel diselenide foam
journal, September 2016

  • Zhou, Haiqing; Yu, Fang; Huang, Yufeng
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12765

Platinum single-atom and cluster catalysis of the hydrogen evolution reaction
journal, November 2016

  • Cheng, Niancai; Stambula, Samantha; Wang, Da
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13638

Bifunctional non-noble metal oxide nanoparticle electrocatalysts through lithium-induced conversion for overall water splitting
journal, June 2015

  • Wang, Haotian; Lee, Hyun-Wook; Deng, Yong
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8261

Molecular metal–Nx centres in porous carbon for electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution
journal, August 2015

  • Liang, Hai-Wei; Brüller, Sebastian; Dong, Renhao
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8992

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Recent Progress on Surface Reconstruction of Earth‐Abundant Electrocatalysts for Water Oxidation
    journal, July 2019


    Molecular Mimics of Heterogeneous Metal Phosphides: Thermochemistry, Hydride-Proton Isomerism, and HER Reactivity
    journal, November 2018

    • Buss, Joshua A.; Hirahara, Masanari; Ueda, Yohei
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 57, Issue 50
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201808307

    Recent Trends in Synthesis and Investigation of Nickel Phosphide Compound/Hybrid-Based Electrocatalysts Towards Hydrogen Generation from Water Electrocatalysis
    journal, October 2019

    • Khalafallah, Diab; Zhi, Mingjia; Hong, Zhanglian
    • Topics in Current Chemistry, Vol. 377, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1007/s41061-019-0254-3

    Recent advances in transition metal-based electrocatalysts for alkaline hydrogen evolution
    journal, January 2019

    • Chen, Zhijie; Duan, Xiaoguang; Wei, Wei
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 25
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta03220g

    Nitrogen-Doped Porous Carbon Nanosheets Strongly Coupled with Mo2C Nanoparticles for Efficient Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution
    journal, October 2019


    Molecular Mimics of Heterogeneous Metal Phosphides: Thermochemistry, Hydride-Proton Isomerism, and HER Reactivity
    journal, November 2018

    • Buss, Joshua A.; Hirahara, Masanari; Ueda, Yohei
    • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 130, Issue 50
    • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201808307

    Recent Progress on Surface Reconstruction of Earth‐Abundant Electrocatalysts for Water Oxidation
    journal, July 2019


    Recent Trends in Synthesis and Investigation of Nickel Phosphide Compound/Hybrid-Based Electrocatalysts Towards Hydrogen Generation from Water Electrocatalysis
    journal, October 2019

    • Khalafallah, Diab; Zhi, Mingjia; Hong, Zhanglian
    • Topics in Current Chemistry, Vol. 377, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1007/s41061-019-0254-3

    Recent advances in transition metal-based electrocatalysts for alkaline hydrogen evolution
    journal, January 2019

    • Chen, Zhijie; Duan, Xiaoguang; Wei, Wei
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 25
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta03220g

    Nitrogen-Doped Porous Carbon Nanosheets Strongly Coupled with Mo2C Nanoparticles for Efficient Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution
    journal, October 2019


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.