skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Thermodynamic Oxidation and Reduction Potentials of Photocatalytic Semiconductors in Aqueous Solution

Abstract

An approach is introduced to calculate the thermodynamic oxidation and reduction potentials of semiconductors in aqueous solution. Here, by combining a newly developed ab initio calculation method for compound formation energy and band alignment with electrochemistry experimental data, this approach can be used to predict the stability of almost any compound semiconductor in aqueous solution. Thirty photocatalytic semiconductors have been studied, and a graph (a simplified Pourbaix diagram) showing their valence/conduction band edges and oxidation/reduction potentials relative to the water redox potentials is produced. On the basis of this graph, the thermodynamic stabilities and trends against the oxidative and reductive photocorrosion for compound semiconductors are analyzed, which shows the following: (i) some metal oxides can be resistant against the oxidation by the photogenerated holes when used as the n-type photoanodes; (ii) all the nonoxide semiconductors are susceptible to oxidation, but they are resistant to the reduction by the photogenerated electrons and thus can be used as the p-type photocathodes if protected from the oxidation; (iii) doping or alloying the metal oxide with less electronegative anions can decrease the band gap but also degrade the stability against oxidation.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); East China Normal Univ., Shanghai (China)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division
OSTI Identifier:
1511339
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemistry of Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 0897-4756
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; oxidation potential; photocorrosion; photoelectrode semiconductor; reduction potential; stability

Citation Formats

Chen, Shiyou, and Wang, Lin -Wang. Thermodynamic Oxidation and Reduction Potentials of Photocatalytic Semiconductors in Aqueous Solution. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1021/cm302533s.
Chen, Shiyou, & Wang, Lin -Wang. Thermodynamic Oxidation and Reduction Potentials of Photocatalytic Semiconductors in Aqueous Solution. United States. doi:10.1021/cm302533s.
Chen, Shiyou, and Wang, Lin -Wang. Fri . "Thermodynamic Oxidation and Reduction Potentials of Photocatalytic Semiconductors in Aqueous Solution". United States. doi:10.1021/cm302533s. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1511339.
@article{osti_1511339,
title = {Thermodynamic Oxidation and Reduction Potentials of Photocatalytic Semiconductors in Aqueous Solution},
author = {Chen, Shiyou and Wang, Lin -Wang},
abstractNote = {An approach is introduced to calculate the thermodynamic oxidation and reduction potentials of semiconductors in aqueous solution. Here, by combining a newly developed ab initio calculation method for compound formation energy and band alignment with electrochemistry experimental data, this approach can be used to predict the stability of almost any compound semiconductor in aqueous solution. Thirty photocatalytic semiconductors have been studied, and a graph (a simplified Pourbaix diagram) showing their valence/conduction band edges and oxidation/reduction potentials relative to the water redox potentials is produced. On the basis of this graph, the thermodynamic stabilities and trends against the oxidative and reductive photocorrosion for compound semiconductors are analyzed, which shows the following: (i) some metal oxides can be resistant against the oxidation by the photogenerated holes when used as the n-type photoanodes; (ii) all the nonoxide semiconductors are susceptible to oxidation, but they are resistant to the reduction by the photogenerated electrons and thus can be used as the p-type photocathodes if protected from the oxidation; (iii) doping or alloying the metal oxide with less electronegative anions can decrease the band gap but also degrade the stability against oxidation.},
doi = {10.1021/cm302533s},
journal = {Chemistry of Materials},
number = 18,
volume = 24,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 339 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: A schematic plot of the band alignment of the p-type photocathode and n-type photoanode semiconductors relative to the water redox potentials in the Z-scheme.φox shows the oxidation potential of the photoanode in aqueous solution, and φre shows the reduction potential of the photocathode.

Save / Share:

Works referencing / citing this record:

Role of the Relative Humidity and the Cd/Zn Stoichiometry in the Photooxidation Process of Cadmium Yellows (CdS/Cd 1− x Zn x S) in Oil Paintings
journal, July 2018

  • Monico, Letizia; Chieli, Annalisa; De Meyer, Steven
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 24, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201801503

Semiconductor polymeric graphitic carbon nitride photocatalysts: the “holy grail” for the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction under visible light
journal, January 2019

  • Liao, Guangfu; Gong, Yan; Zhang, Li
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 12, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ee00717b

Modification of the p-GaP(001) work function by surface dipole bonds formed in sulfide solution
journal, January 2019

  • Lebedev, Mikhail V.; Dementev, Peter A.; Lvova, Tatiana V.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 7, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9tc00210c

Origin of Improved Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting in Mixed Perovskite Oxides
journal, September 2018

  • Li, Weiwei; Jiang, Kai; Li, Zhongguo
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201801972

Role of the Relative Humidity and the Cd/Zn Stoichiometry in the Photooxidation Process of Cadmium Yellows (CdS/Cd 1− x Zn x S) in Oil Paintings
journal, July 2018

  • Monico, Letizia; Chieli, Annalisa; De Meyer, Steven
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 24, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201801503

Photoelectrode for water splitting: Materials, fabrication and characterization
journal, April 2018


Semiconductor polymeric graphitic carbon nitride photocatalysts: the “holy grail” for the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction under visible light
journal, January 2019

  • Liao, Guangfu; Gong, Yan; Zhang, Li
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 12, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ee00717b

Modification of the p-GaP(001) work function by surface dipole bonds formed in sulfide solution
journal, January 2019

  • Lebedev, Mikhail V.; Dementev, Peter A.; Lvova, Tatiana V.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 7, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9tc00210c

Frustrated Lewis Pairs Accelerating CO 2 Reduction on Oxyhydroxide Photocatalysts with Surface Lattice Hydroxyls as a Solid-State Proton Donor
journal, September 2018

  • Wang, Xiaohui; Lu, Lei; Wang, Bing
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201804191

Interface Engineering for Modulation of Charge Carrier Behavior in ZnO Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting
journal, February 2019

  • Kang, Zhuo; Si, Haonan; Zhang, Suicai
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201808032

Elaborately Modified BiVO 4 Photoanodes for Solar Water Splitting
journal, December 2018


Dual Protection Layer Strategy to Increase Photoelectrode–Catalyst Interfacial Stability: A Case Study on Black Silicon Photoelectrodes
journal, February 2019

  • Yang, Fan; Aguiar, Jeffery A.; Fairchild, Michael
  • Advanced Materials Interfaces, Vol. 6, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/admi.201802085

Recent Progress in the Development of Semiconductor-Based Photocatalyst Materials for Applications in Photocatalytic Water Splitting and Degradation of Pollutants
journal, June 2017

  • Opoku, Francis; Govender, Krishna Kuben; van Sittert, Cornelia Gertina Catharina Elizabet
  • Advanced Sustainable Systems, Vol. 1, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/adsu.201700006

Strategies for Semiconductor/Electrocatalyst Coupling toward Solar‐Driven Water Splitting
journal, March 2020

  • Thalluri, Sitaramanjaneya Mouli; Bai, Lichen; Lv, Cuncai
  • Advanced Science, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/advs.201902102

Unassisted Water Splitting Using a GaSb x P (1− x ) Photoanode
journal, February 2018

  • Martinez-Garcia, Alejandro; Russell, Harry B.; Paxton, William
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201703247

Fullerene as a Photoelectron Transfer Promoter Enabling Stable TiO 2 ‐Protected Sb 2 Se 3 Photocathodes for Photo‐Electrochemical Water Splitting
journal, February 2019

  • Tan, Jeiwan; Yang, Wooseok; Oh, Yunjung
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201900179

Tailored TiO 2 Protection Layer Enabled Efficient and Stable Microdome Structured p‐GaAs Photoelectrochemical Cathodes
journal, January 2020


A Tantalum Nitride Photoanode Modified with a Hole-Storage Layer for Highly Stable Solar Water Splitting
journal, May 2014

  • Liu, Guiji; Shi, Jingying; Zhang, Fuxiang
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 53, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201404697

Bimetallic and Plasmonic Ag-Au on TiO 2 for Solar Water Splitting: An Active Nanocomposite for Entire Visible-Light-Region Absorption
journal, September 2016


Photoelectrochemical Characterisation on Surface-Inverted Black Silicon Photocathodes by Using Platinum/Palladium Co-catalysts for Solar-to-Hydrogen Conversion
journal, June 2018

  • Halima, Ahmed Farid; Zhang, Xinyi; MacFarlane, Douglas Robert
  • ChemPlusChem, Vol. 83, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/cplu.201800097

Solar-Water-Splitting BiVO 4 Thin-Film Photoanodes Prepared By Using a Sol-Gel Dip-Coating Technique
journal, May 2017

  • Hilliard, Samantha; Friedrich, Dennis; Kressman, Stéphane
  • ChemPhotoChem, Vol. 1, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/cptc.201700003

Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Production on α-Fe 2 O 3 (0001): Insights from Theory and Experiments
journal, October 2013

  • Baltrusaitis, Jonas; Hu, Yong-Sheng; McFarland, Eric W.
  • ChemSusChem, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201300715

Computational Approaches to Photoelectrode Design through Molecular Functionalization for Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting
journal, November 2018


Kinetic Competition between Water‐Splitting and Photocorrosion Reactions in Photoelectrochemical Devices
journal, November 2018


Facile hydrothermal synthesis of 3D flower‐like La‐MoS 2 nanostructure for photocatalytic hydrogen energy production
journal, October 2018

  • Nadeem Riaz, Khalid; Yousaf, Nadeem; Bilal Tahir, Muhammad
  • International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 43, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/er.4286

First-principles Calculations of InS-based Nanotubes
journal, August 2016

  • Bandura, Andrei V.; Kuruch, Dmitry D.; Evarestov, Robert A.
  • Israel Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 57, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/ijch.201600054

Investigation of water splitting using III-N structures: Investigation of water splitting using III-N structures
journal, July 2017

  • Usikov, Alexander; Ermakov, Ivan; Helava, Heikki
  • physica status solidi (b), Vol. 254, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/pssb.201600744

Graphene in Photocatalysis: A Review
journal, November 2016


Photodeposition of palladium nanoparticles on a porous gallium nitride electrode for nonenzymatic electrochemical sensing of glucose
journal, January 2019


Electrodeposited Cu thin layers as low cost and effective underlayers for Cu2O photocathodes in photoelectrochemical water electrolysis
journal, November 2019

  • Visibile, Alberto; Fracchia, Martina; Baran, Tomasz
  • Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, Vol. 24, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10008-019-04441-z

Coupling biology to synthetic nanomaterials for semi-artificial photosynthesis
journal, October 2019


Iron Oxide Nanostructures for the Reduction of Bicarbonate to Solar Fuels
journal, April 2018

  • Pan, Hanqing; Martindale, Kristian R.; Heagy, Michael D.
  • Topics in Catalysis, Vol. 61, Issue 7-8
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11244-018-0959-5

The impact of crystal defects towards oxide semiconductor photoanode for photoelectrochemical water splitting
journal, October 2019


Enabling practical electrocatalyst-assisted photoelectron-chemical water splitting with earth abundant materials
journal, December 2014


Mechanistic insights into chemical and photochemical transformations of bismuth vanadate photoanodes
journal, July 2016

  • Toma, Francesca M.; Cooper, Jason K.; Kunzelmann, Viktoria
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12012

Modelling heterogeneous interfaces for solar water splitting
journal, January 2017

  • Pham, Tuan Anh; Ping, Yuan; Galli, Giulia
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 16, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4803

Developing a scalable artificial photosynthesis technology through nanomaterials by design
journal, December 2016


Crystalline TiO2 protective layer with graded oxygen defects for efficient and stable silicon-based photocathode
journal, September 2018


All-in-one visible-light-driven water splitting by combining nanoparticulate and molecular co-catalysts on CdS nanorods
journal, September 2018


A thermally synergistic photo-electrochemical hydrogen generator operating under concentrated solar irradiation
journal, April 2019


Photocapacitive CdS/WOx nanostructures for solar energy storage
journal, August 2019


Au/ZnS core/shell nanocrystals as an efficient anode photocatalyst in direct methanol fuel cells
journal, January 2013

  • Chen, Wei-Ta; Lin, Yin-Kai; Yang, Ting-Ting
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 49, Issue 76
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3cc43298j

Molecular artificial photosynthesis
journal, January 2014

  • Berardi, Serena; Drouet, Samuel; Francàs, Laia
  • Chem. Soc. Rev., Vol. 43, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3cs60405e

Mechanism and active site of photocatalytic water splitting on titania in aqueous surroundings
journal, January 2014


Semiconductor-based photocatalysts and photoelectrochemical cells for solar fuel generation: a review
journal, January 2015

  • Li, Jiangtian; Wu, Nianqiang
  • Catalysis Science & Technology, Vol. 5, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/c4cy00974f

Enhanced photoelectrochemical water-splitting performance of semiconductors by surface passivation layers
journal, January 2014

  • Liu, Rui; Zheng, Zhi; Spurgeon, Joshua
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 7, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/c4ee00450g

Incorporation of Ag nanowires in CuWO 4 for improved visible light-induced photoanode performance
journal, January 2015

  • Zhang, H.; Yilmaz, P.; Ansari, J. O.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 3, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1039/c4ta07213h

Band gap engineering of bulk and nanosheet SnO: an insight into the interlayer Sn–Sn lone pair interactions
journal, January 2015

  • Zhou, Wei; Umezawa, Naoto
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 27
  • DOI: 10.1039/c5cp02255j

Biological and environmental interactions of emerging two-dimensional nanomaterials
journal, January 2016

  • Wang, Zhongying; Zhu, Wenpeng; Qiu, Yang
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 45, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/c5cs00914f

Experimental demonstrations of spontaneous, solar-driven photoelectrochemical water splitting
journal, January 2015

  • Ager, Joel W.; Shaner, Matthew R.; Walczak, Karl A.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 8, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/c5ee00457h

Interfacial band-edge energetics for solar fuels production
journal, January 2015

  • Smith, Wilson A.; Sharp, Ian D.; Strandwitz, Nicholas C.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 8, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/c5ee01822f

Photoinduced charge transfer processes in solar photocatalysis based on modified TiO 2
journal, January 2016

  • Park, Hyunwoong; Kim, Hyoung-il; Moon, Gun-hee
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1039/c5ee02575c

Using hematite for photoelectrochemical water splitting: a review of current progress and challenges
journal, January 2016

  • Tamirat, Andebet Gedamu; Rick, John; Dubale, Amare Aregahegn
  • Nanoscale Horizons, Vol. 1, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/c5nh00098j

Liquid–solid spinodal decomposition mediated synthesis of Sb 2 Se 3 nanowires and their photoelectric behavior
journal, January 2015

  • Kwon, Yong Hun; Jeong, Myoungho; Do, Hyun Woo
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 7, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1039/c5nr03461b

Strategies for stable water splitting via protected photoelectrodes
journal, January 2017

  • Bae, Dowon; Seger, Brian; Vesborg, Peter C. K.
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 46, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/c6cs00918b

Heterogeneous photocatalytic organic synthesis: state-of-the-art and future perspectives
journal, January 2016

  • Friedmann, Donia; Hakki, Amer; Kim, Hyejin
  • Green Chemistry, Vol. 18, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1039/c6gc01582d

Understanding the advantage of hexagonal WO 3 as an efficient photoanode for solar water splitting: a first-principles perspective
journal, January 2016

  • Lee, Taehun; Lee, Yonghyuk; Jang, Woosun
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1039/c6ta03659g

Photoelectrochemical hydrogen generation employing a Cu 2 O-based photocathode with improved stability and activity by using Ni x P y as the cocatalyst
journal, January 2018

  • Chhetri, Manjeet; Rao, C. N. R.
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 20, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1039/c7cp08560e

Band engineering of multicomponent semiconductors: a general theoretical model on the anion group
journal, January 2018

  • Meng, X. Y.; Liu, D. Y.; Qin, G. W.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 11, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/c7ee03503a

Performance and failure modes of Si anodes patterned with thin-film Ni catalyst islands for water oxidation
journal, January 2018

  • Sun, Ke; Ritzert, Nicole L.; John, Jimmy
  • Sustainable Energy & Fuels, Vol. 2, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1039/c7se00583k

Temperature-controlled evolution of microstructures that promote charge separation in a TaON photoanode for enhanced solar energy conversion
journal, January 2017

  • Pei, Lang; Xu, Zhe; Yan, Shicheng
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1039/c7ta02704d

Photoelectrochemical reduction of CO 2 to HCOOH on silicon photocathodes with reduced SnO 2 porous nanowire catalysts
journal, January 2018

  • Rao, K. Ramachandra; Pishgar, Sahar; Strain, Jacob
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/c7ta09672k

Light-emitting diodes of colloidal quantum dots and nanorod heterostructures for future emissive displays
journal, January 2018

  • Jiang, Yiran; Cho, Seong-Yong; Shim, Moonsub
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 6, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/c7tc05972h

Production of solar chemicals: gaining selectivity with hybrid molecule/semiconductor assemblies
journal, January 2018

  • Hennessey, Seán; Farràs, Pau
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 54, Issue 50
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8cc02487a

Why co-catalyst-loaded rutile facilitates photocatalytic hydrogen evolution
journal, January 2019

  • Walenta, Constantin A.; Kollmannsberger, Sebastian L.; Courtois, Carla
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 21, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8cp05513k

Toward practical solar hydrogen production – an artificial photosynthetic leaf-to-farm challenge
journal, January 2019

  • Kim, Jin Hyun; Hansora, Dharmesh; Sharma, Pankaj
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 48, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8cs00699g

Strategies for enhancing the photocurrent, photovoltage, and stability of photoelectrodes for photoelectrochemical water splitting
journal, January 2019

  • Yang, Wooseok; Prabhakar, Rajiv Ramanujam; Tan, Jeiwan
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 48, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8cs00997j

A microstructured p-Si photocathode outcompetes Pt as a counter electrode to hematite in photoelectrochemical water splitting
journal, January 2019

  • Kawde, Anurag; Annamalai, Alagappan; Sellstedt, Anita
  • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 48, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8dt03653e

Photocatalytic reduction and scavenging of Hg( ii ) over templated-dewetted Au on TiO 2 nanotubes
journal, January 2019

  • Spanu, Davide; Bestetti, Alessandro; Hildebrand, Helga
  • Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, Vol. 18, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8pp00424b

Cooperative silanetriolate-carboxylate sensitiser anchoring for outstanding stability and improved performance of dye-sensitised photoelectrodes
journal, January 2018

  • Fournier, Maxime; Hoogeveen, Dijon A.; Bonke, Shannon A.
  • Sustainable Energy & Fuels, Vol. 2, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8se00056e

ZnO nanosheets with atomically thin ZnS overlayers for photocatalytic water splitting
journal, January 2018

  • Zhang, Xu; Zhou, Yu-Zhu; Wu, De-Yao
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta01846d

Facilitating the charge transfer of ZnMoS 4 /CuS p–n heterojunctions through ZnO intercalation for efficient photocatalytic hydrogen generation
journal, January 2018

  • Lim, Wei Yang; Wu, Hao; Lim, Yee-Fun
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta02763c

A multifunctional vanadium-doped cobalt oxide layer on silicon photoanodes for efficient and stable photoelectrochemical water oxidation
journal, January 2018

  • Xing, Zhuo; Wu, Hengyi; Wu, Liang
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta07552b

Two-dimensional Pd 3 P 2 S 8 semiconductors as photocatalysts for the solar-driven oxygen evolution reaction: a theoretical investigation
journal, January 2018

  • Jing, Yu; Heine, Thomas
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta08111e

Mechanism for spontaneous oxygen and hydrogen evolution reactions on CoO nanoparticles
journal, January 2019

  • Park, Kyoung-Won; Kolpak, Alexie M.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta11087e

Light induced coarsening of metal nanoparticles
journal, January 2019

  • Zhang, Liuxian; Liu, Qianlang; Crozier, Peter A.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta11341f

Enhanced photocatalysis for water splitting in layered tin chalcogenides with high carrier mobility
journal, January 2019

  • Li, Xiaoteng; Zuo, Xi; Jiang, Xinxin
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 21, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9cp00088g

Efficiency and stability of narrow-gap semiconductor-based photoelectrodes
journal, January 2019

  • Zheng, Jianyun; Zhou, Huaijuan; Zou, Yuqin
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 12, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ee00524b

A polyaniline-coated ZnS/ZnO/FTO photoelectrode for improving photocorrosion prevention and visible light absorption
journal, January 2019

  • Kim, Hyun; Yang, Bee Lyong
  • New Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 43, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9nj04290c

GeSe@SnS: stacked Janus structures for overall water splitting
journal, January 2019

  • Yang, Hongchao; Ma, Yandong; Zhang, Shuai
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta02716e

Multi-layered photocathodes based on Cu 2 ZnSnSe 4 absorber and MoS 2 catalyst for the hydrogen evolution reaction
journal, January 2019

  • Grau, Sergi; Giraldo, Sergio; Saucedo, Edgardo
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta08818k

Long-term stability studies of a semiconductor photoelectrode in three-electrode configuration
journal, January 2019

  • Vanka, Srinivas; Sun, Kai; Zeng, Guosong
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta09926c

Investigation of the photocorrosion of n-GaP photoanodes in acid with in situ UV-Vis spectroscopy
journal, January 2019

  • Pishgar, Sahar; Strain, Jacob M.; Gulati, Saumya
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta10106c

Polypyrrole nanostructures modified with mono- and bimetallic nanoparticles for photocatalytic H 2 generation
journal, January 2020

  • Yuan, Xiaojiao; Dragoe, Diana; Beaunier, Patricia
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta11088g

Semiconductor-based photocatalysts for photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical water splitting: will we stop with photocorrosion?
journal, January 2020

  • Chen, Sha; Huang, Danlian; Xu, Piao
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta12799b

Janus nanostructures for heterogeneous photocatalysis
journal, December 2018

  • Chauhan, Aditya; Rastogi, Monisha; Scheier, Paul
  • Applied Physics Reviews, Vol. 5, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5039926

Synthesis and emerging properties of 2D layered III–VI metal chalcogenides
journal, December 2019

  • Cai, Hui; Gu, Yiyi; Lin, Yu-Chuan
  • Applied Physics Reviews, Vol. 6, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5123487

Degradation in photoelectrochemical devices: review with an illustrative case study
journal, February 2017

  • Nandjou, Fredy; Haussener, Sophia
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 50, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/aa5b11

Recent developments in complex metal oxide photoelectrodes
journal, April 2017

  • Abdi, Fatwa F.; Berglund, Sean P.
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 50, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/aa6738

$ \newcommand{\bt}{\beta} \bt$ -TaON thin films: production by reactive magnetron sputtering and the question of non-stoichiometry
journal, May 2019

  • Salamon, K.; Mičetić, M.; Sancho-Parramon, J.
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 52, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/ab1d09

Introducing catalysis in photocatalysis: What can be understood from surface science studies of alcohol photoreforming on TiO 2
journal, August 2019

  • Walenta, Constantin A.; Tschurl, Martin; Heiz, Ueli
  • Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol. 31, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-648x/ab351a

Data-driven material discovery for photocatalysis: a short review
journal, July 2018


InN/InGaN quantum dot electrochemical devices: new solutions for energy and health
journal, January 2017


Photocorrosion-Limited Maximum Efficiency of Solar Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting
journal, December 2018


Silicon based photoelectrodes for photoelectrochemical water splitting
journal, January 2019

  • Fan, Ronglei; Mi, Zetian; Shen, Mingrong
  • Optics Express, Vol. 27, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1364/oe.27.000a51

Chemical and electronic structure analysis of a SrTiO3 (001)/p-Ge (001) hydrogen evolution photocathode
journal, March 2018

  • Stoerzinger, Kelsey A.; Du, Yingge; Spurgeon, Steven R.
  • MRS Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 02
  • DOI: 10.1557/mrc.2018.38

Metal/Semiconductor Nanocomposites for Photocatalysis: Fundamentals, Structures, Applications and Properties
journal, March 2019


    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.