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Title: Circumstellar Dust Distribution in Systems with Two Planets in Resonance

Abstract

Here, we investigate via numerical modeling the effects of two planets locked in resonance, and migrating outward, on the dust distribution of the natal circumstellar disk. We aim to test whether the dust distribution exhibits peculiar features arising from the interplay among the gravitational perturbations of the planets in resonance, the evolution of the gas, and its influence on the dust grain dynamics. We focus on the 3:2 and 2:1 resonance, where the trapping may be caused by the convergent migration of a Jupiter- and Saturn-mass planet, preceding the common gap formation and ensuing outward (or inward) migration. Models show that a common gap also forms in the dust component similarly to what a single, more massive planet would generate and that outward migration leads to a progressive widening of the dust gap and to a decoupling from the gas gap. As the system evolves, a significantly wider gap is observed in the dust distribution, which ceases to overlap with the gas gap in the inner disk regions. At the outer edge of the gas gap, outward migration of the planets produces an overdensity of dust particles, which evolve differently in the 3:2 and 2:1 resonances. For the 3:2 resonance,more » the dust trap at the gap's outer edge is partly efficient, and a significant fraction of the grains filters through the gap. For the 2:1 resonance, the trap is more efficient, and very few grains cross the gap, while the vast majority accumulate at the outer edge of the gap.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Padova, Padova (Italy). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Univ.-Sternwarte München, Munich (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); German Research Foundation (DFG)
OSTI Identifier:
1511253
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-31165
Journal ID: ISSN 1538-3881
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Astronomical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 157; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-3881
Publisher:
IOP Publishing - AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; planetary systems; planet–disk interactions; protoplanetary disks

Citation Formats

Marzari, Francesco, D’Angelo, Gennaro, and Picogna, Giovanni. Circumstellar Dust Distribution in Systems with Two Planets in Resonance. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-3881/aaf3b6.
Marzari, Francesco, D’Angelo, Gennaro, & Picogna, Giovanni. Circumstellar Dust Distribution in Systems with Two Planets in Resonance. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-3881/aaf3b6.
Marzari, Francesco, D’Angelo, Gennaro, and Picogna, Giovanni. Fri . "Circumstellar Dust Distribution in Systems with Two Planets in Resonance". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-3881/aaf3b6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1511253.
@article{osti_1511253,
title = {Circumstellar Dust Distribution in Systems with Two Planets in Resonance},
author = {Marzari, Francesco and D’Angelo, Gennaro and Picogna, Giovanni},
abstractNote = {Here, we investigate via numerical modeling the effects of two planets locked in resonance, and migrating outward, on the dust distribution of the natal circumstellar disk. We aim to test whether the dust distribution exhibits peculiar features arising from the interplay among the gravitational perturbations of the planets in resonance, the evolution of the gas, and its influence on the dust grain dynamics. We focus on the 3:2 and 2:1 resonance, where the trapping may be caused by the convergent migration of a Jupiter- and Saturn-mass planet, preceding the common gap formation and ensuing outward (or inward) migration. Models show that a common gap also forms in the dust component similarly to what a single, more massive planet would generate and that outward migration leads to a progressive widening of the dust gap and to a decoupling from the gas gap. As the system evolves, a significantly wider gap is observed in the dust distribution, which ceases to overlap with the gas gap in the inner disk regions. At the outer edge of the gas gap, outward migration of the planets produces an overdensity of dust particles, which evolve differently in the 3:2 and 2:1 resonances. For the 3:2 resonance, the dust trap at the gap's outer edge is partly efficient, and a significant fraction of the grains filters through the gap. For the 2:1 resonance, the trap is more efficient, and very few grains cross the gap, while the vast majority accumulate at the outer edge of the gap.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-3881/aaf3b6},
journal = {Astronomical Journal (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 157,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Probing the Protosolar Disk Using Dust Filtering at Gaps in the Early Solar System
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