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Title: Dynamic acousto-elastic response of single fatigue cracks with different microstructural features: An experimental investigation

Abstract

Nonlinearity of damaged materials is often assumed to be correlated with the cumulative length of micro-cracks discounting the influence of crack width and roughness. Here, to investigate the influence of microstructural features of realistic cracks on the nonlinear elastic properties, Dynamic Acousto-Elastic Testing (DAET) is performed on two aluminum alloy samples (30 × 40 × 170 mm 3) with a single fatigue-crack. The cracks on the two samples are of similar length but have dissimilar microstructural features due to the different stress intensity factors used during the fatigue tests. DAET is carried out with a surface wave probe to measure the near-surface nonlinearity at a number of locations along each crack. The geometric features of the cracks, including crack width and roughness, are extracted from a series of scanning electron microscope images. DAET results demonstrate that nonlinearity varies along the crack; both samples exhibit greater nonlinearity near the notch, where the crack is wider than near the crack tip. However, the nonlinearity parameters obtained from the sample with a smoother crack are one order of magnitude larger than those of the sample with a relatively rough crack. In addition, the nonlinearity signatures of the two cracks exhibit very different tension/compressionmore » asymmetry. Lastly, this study provides valuable data that not only directly correlates the nonlinear ultrasonic signatures and crack interface features but also illuminates the micro-mechanisms and origins of the measured nonlinearities.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
  2. University of Grenoble Alpes, ISTerre (France)
  3. Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1511152
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1464986
Grant/Contract Number:  
[SC0017585]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 124; Journal Issue: 7]; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Jin, Jiang, Rivière, Jacques, Ohara, Yoshikazu, and Shokouhi, Parisa. Dynamic acousto-elastic response of single fatigue cracks with different microstructural features: An experimental investigation. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5036531.
Jin, Jiang, Rivière, Jacques, Ohara, Yoshikazu, & Shokouhi, Parisa. Dynamic acousto-elastic response of single fatigue cracks with different microstructural features: An experimental investigation. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5036531.
Jin, Jiang, Rivière, Jacques, Ohara, Yoshikazu, and Shokouhi, Parisa. Fri . "Dynamic acousto-elastic response of single fatigue cracks with different microstructural features: An experimental investigation". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5036531. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1511152.
@article{osti_1511152,
title = {Dynamic acousto-elastic response of single fatigue cracks with different microstructural features: An experimental investigation},
author = {Jin, Jiang and Rivière, Jacques and Ohara, Yoshikazu and Shokouhi, Parisa},
abstractNote = {Nonlinearity of damaged materials is often assumed to be correlated with the cumulative length of micro-cracks discounting the influence of crack width and roughness. Here, to investigate the influence of microstructural features of realistic cracks on the nonlinear elastic properties, Dynamic Acousto-Elastic Testing (DAET) is performed on two aluminum alloy samples (30 × 40 × 170 mm3) with a single fatigue-crack. The cracks on the two samples are of similar length but have dissimilar microstructural features due to the different stress intensity factors used during the fatigue tests. DAET is carried out with a surface wave probe to measure the near-surface nonlinearity at a number of locations along each crack. The geometric features of the cracks, including crack width and roughness, are extracted from a series of scanning electron microscope images. DAET results demonstrate that nonlinearity varies along the crack; both samples exhibit greater nonlinearity near the notch, where the crack is wider than near the crack tip. However, the nonlinearity parameters obtained from the sample with a smoother crack are one order of magnitude larger than those of the sample with a relatively rough crack. In addition, the nonlinearity signatures of the two cracks exhibit very different tension/compression asymmetry. Lastly, this study provides valuable data that not only directly correlates the nonlinear ultrasonic signatures and crack interface features but also illuminates the micro-mechanisms and origins of the measured nonlinearities.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5036531},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = [7],
volume = [124],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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