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Title: The influence of Arctic amplification on mid-latitude summer circulation

Abstract

Accelerated warming in the Arctic, as compared to the rest of the globe, might have profound impacts on mid-latitude weather. Most studies analyzing Arctic links to mid-latitude weather focused on winter, yet recent summers have seen strong reductions in sea-ice extent and snow cover, a weakened equator-to-pole thermal gradient and associated weakening of the mid-latitude circulation. We review the scientific evidence behind three leading hypotheses on the influence of Arctic changes on mid-latitude summer weather: Weakened storm tracks, shifted jet streams, and amplified quasi-stationary waves. We show that interactions between Arctic teleconnections and other remote and regional feedback processes could lead to more persistent hot-dry extremes in the mid-latitudes. The exact nature of these non-linear interactions is not well quantified but they provide potential high-impact risks for society.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. VU Amsterdam, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam (Germany)
  2. Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI (United States)
  3. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States)
  4. Utah State Univ., Logan, UT (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1511055
Grant/Contract Number:  
[SC0016605]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1]; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Coumou, D., Di Capua, G., Vavrus, S., Wang, L., and Wang, S. The influence of Arctic amplification on mid-latitude summer circulation. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-05256-8.
Coumou, D., Di Capua, G., Vavrus, S., Wang, L., & Wang, S. The influence of Arctic amplification on mid-latitude summer circulation. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-05256-8.
Coumou, D., Di Capua, G., Vavrus, S., Wang, L., and Wang, S. Mon . "The influence of Arctic amplification on mid-latitude summer circulation". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-05256-8. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1511055.
@article{osti_1511055,
title = {The influence of Arctic amplification on mid-latitude summer circulation},
author = {Coumou, D. and Di Capua, G. and Vavrus, S. and Wang, L. and Wang, S.},
abstractNote = {Accelerated warming in the Arctic, as compared to the rest of the globe, might have profound impacts on mid-latitude weather. Most studies analyzing Arctic links to mid-latitude weather focused on winter, yet recent summers have seen strong reductions in sea-ice extent and snow cover, a weakened equator-to-pole thermal gradient and associated weakening of the mid-latitude circulation. We review the scientific evidence behind three leading hypotheses on the influence of Arctic changes on mid-latitude summer weather: Weakened storm tracks, shifted jet streams, and amplified quasi-stationary waves. We show that interactions between Arctic teleconnections and other remote and regional feedback processes could lead to more persistent hot-dry extremes in the mid-latitudes. The exact nature of these non-linear interactions is not well quantified but they provide potential high-impact risks for society.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-05256-8},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = [1],
volume = [9],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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Cited by: 40 works
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