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Title: Material platforms for optical metasurfaces

Abstract

Optical metasurfaces are judicously engineered electromagnetic interfaces that can control and manipulate many of light’s quintessential properties, such as amplitude, phase, and polarization. These artificial surfaces are composed of subwavelength arrays of optical antennas that experience resonant light-matter interaction with incoming electromagnetic radiation. Their ability to arbitrarily engineer optical interactions has generated considerable excitement and interest in recent years and is a promising methodology for miniaturizing optical components for applications in optical communication systems, imaging, sensing, and optical manipulation. However, development of optical metasurfaces requires progress and solutions to inherent challenges, namely large losses often associated with the resonant structures; large-scale, complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor-compatible nanofabrication techniques; and incorporation of active control elements. Furthermore, practical metasurface devices require robust operation in high-temperature environments, caustic chemicals, and intense electromagnetic fields. Although these challenges are substantial, optical metasurfaces remain in their infancy, and novel material platforms that offer resilient, low-loss, and tunable metasurface designs are driving new and promising routes for overcoming these hurdles. In this review, we discuss the different material platforms in the literature for various applications of metasurfaces, including refractory plasmonic materials, epitaxial noble metal, silicon, graphene, phase change materials, and metal oxides. We identify the key advantages of each materialmore » platform and review the breakthrough devices that were made possible with each material. Finally, we provide an outlook for emerging metasurface devices and the new material platforms that are enabling such devices.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States). School of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology Center
  2. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Birck Nanotechnology Center
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Purdue Univ, West Lafayette, IN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1511052
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0017717
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nanophotonics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nanophotonics (Online); Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2192-8614
Publisher:
de Gruyter
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; materials platforms; metasurface; plasmonics; dielectric metasurface

Citation Formats

Choudhury, Sajid M., Wang, Di, Chaudhuri, Krishnakali, DeVault, Clayton, Kildishev, Alexander V., Boltasseva, Alexandra, and Shalaev, Vladimir M. Material platforms for optical metasurfaces. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1515/nanoph-2017-0130.
Choudhury, Sajid M., Wang, Di, Chaudhuri, Krishnakali, DeVault, Clayton, Kildishev, Alexander V., Boltasseva, Alexandra, & Shalaev, Vladimir M. Material platforms for optical metasurfaces. United States. doi:10.1515/nanoph-2017-0130.
Choudhury, Sajid M., Wang, Di, Chaudhuri, Krishnakali, DeVault, Clayton, Kildishev, Alexander V., Boltasseva, Alexandra, and Shalaev, Vladimir M. Fri . "Material platforms for optical metasurfaces". United States. doi:10.1515/nanoph-2017-0130. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1511052.
@article{osti_1511052,
title = {Material platforms for optical metasurfaces},
author = {Choudhury, Sajid M. and Wang, Di and Chaudhuri, Krishnakali and DeVault, Clayton and Kildishev, Alexander V. and Boltasseva, Alexandra and Shalaev, Vladimir M.},
abstractNote = {Optical metasurfaces are judicously engineered electromagnetic interfaces that can control and manipulate many of light’s quintessential properties, such as amplitude, phase, and polarization. These artificial surfaces are composed of subwavelength arrays of optical antennas that experience resonant light-matter interaction with incoming electromagnetic radiation. Their ability to arbitrarily engineer optical interactions has generated considerable excitement and interest in recent years and is a promising methodology for miniaturizing optical components for applications in optical communication systems, imaging, sensing, and optical manipulation. However, development of optical metasurfaces requires progress and solutions to inherent challenges, namely large losses often associated with the resonant structures; large-scale, complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor-compatible nanofabrication techniques; and incorporation of active control elements. Furthermore, practical metasurface devices require robust operation in high-temperature environments, caustic chemicals, and intense electromagnetic fields. Although these challenges are substantial, optical metasurfaces remain in their infancy, and novel material platforms that offer resilient, low-loss, and tunable metasurface designs are driving new and promising routes for overcoming these hurdles. In this review, we discuss the different material platforms in the literature for various applications of metasurfaces, including refractory plasmonic materials, epitaxial noble metal, silicon, graphene, phase change materials, and metal oxides. We identify the key advantages of each material platform and review the breakthrough devices that were made possible with each material. Finally, we provide an outlook for emerging metasurface devices and the new material platforms that are enabling such devices.},
doi = {10.1515/nanoph-2017-0130},
journal = {Nanophotonics (Online)},
number = 6,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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