skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The Clustering of Luminous Red Galaxies at z ~ 0.7 from EBOSS and BOSS Data

Abstract

We present the first scientific results from the luminous red galaxy (LRG) sample of the extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS) combined with the high-redshift galaxies of the previous BOSS sample. We measure the small- and intermediate-scale clustering from a sample of more than 97,000 galaxies in the redshift range $$0.6\lt z\lt 0.9$$. We interpret these measurements in the framework of the Halo Occupation Distribution. The bias of this sample of LRGs is 2.30 ± 0.03, with a satellite fraction of 13% ± 3% and a mean halo mass of $$2.5\times {10}^{13}\,{h}^{-1}\,{M}_{\odot }$$. These results are consistent with expectations, demonstrating that these LRGs will be reliable tracers of large-scale structure at $$z\sim 0.7$$. The galaxy bias implies a scatter of luminosity at fixed halo mass, $${\sigma }_{\mathrm{log}L}$$, of 0.19 dex. Using the clustering of massive galaxies from BOSS CMASS, BOSS LOWZ, and SDSS, we find that $${\sigma }_{\mathrm{log}L}=0.19$$ is consistent with observations over the full redshift range that these samples cover. The addition of eBOSS to previous surveys allows the investigation of the evolution of massive galaxies over the past ~7 Gyr.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3];  [4];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6];  [5];  [7]; ORCiD logo [7];  [8]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [9];  [9]; ORCiD logo [10];  [11]
  1. New York Univ. (NYU), NY (United States)
  2. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)
  3. Univ. of Portsmouth (United Kingdom)
  4. Univ. of Sao Paulo (Brazil); Lab. Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
  5. Univ. of Sao Paulo (Brazil); Astronomia, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Observatório Nacional, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
  6. Lab. Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Univ. Federal do ABC, Santo Andre (Brazil); Univ. Estadual Paulista, Sao Paulo (Brazil)
  7. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)
  8. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC), Madrid (Spain). Inst. de Física Teórica; Univ. Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)
  9. Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  10. Univ. de La Serena, La Serena (Chile)
  11. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1511014
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0014329
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 848; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; cosmology: observations; galaxies: evolution; large-scale structure of universe

Citation Formats

Zhai, Zhongxu, Tinker, Jeremy L., Hahn, ChangHoon, Seo, Hee-Jong, Blanton, Michael R., Tojeiro, Rita, Camacho, Hugo O., Lima, Marcos, Rosell, Aurelio Carnero, Sobreira, Flavia, Costa, Luiz N. da, Bautista, Julian E., Brownstein, Joel R., Comparat, Johan, Dawson, Kyle, Newman, Jeffrey A., Prakash, Abhishek, Roman-Lopes, Alexandre, and Schneider, Donald P. The Clustering of Luminous Red Galaxies at z ~ 0.7 from EBOSS and BOSS Data. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa8eee.
Zhai, Zhongxu, Tinker, Jeremy L., Hahn, ChangHoon, Seo, Hee-Jong, Blanton, Michael R., Tojeiro, Rita, Camacho, Hugo O., Lima, Marcos, Rosell, Aurelio Carnero, Sobreira, Flavia, Costa, Luiz N. da, Bautista, Julian E., Brownstein, Joel R., Comparat, Johan, Dawson, Kyle, Newman, Jeffrey A., Prakash, Abhishek, Roman-Lopes, Alexandre, & Schneider, Donald P. The Clustering of Luminous Red Galaxies at z ~ 0.7 from EBOSS and BOSS Data. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa8eee.
Zhai, Zhongxu, Tinker, Jeremy L., Hahn, ChangHoon, Seo, Hee-Jong, Blanton, Michael R., Tojeiro, Rita, Camacho, Hugo O., Lima, Marcos, Rosell, Aurelio Carnero, Sobreira, Flavia, Costa, Luiz N. da, Bautista, Julian E., Brownstein, Joel R., Comparat, Johan, Dawson, Kyle, Newman, Jeffrey A., Prakash, Abhishek, Roman-Lopes, Alexandre, and Schneider, Donald P. Fri . "The Clustering of Luminous Red Galaxies at z ~ 0.7 from EBOSS and BOSS Data". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa8eee. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1511014.
@article{osti_1511014,
title = {The Clustering of Luminous Red Galaxies at z ~ 0.7 from EBOSS and BOSS Data},
author = {Zhai, Zhongxu and Tinker, Jeremy L. and Hahn, ChangHoon and Seo, Hee-Jong and Blanton, Michael R. and Tojeiro, Rita and Camacho, Hugo O. and Lima, Marcos and Rosell, Aurelio Carnero and Sobreira, Flavia and Costa, Luiz N. da and Bautista, Julian E. and Brownstein, Joel R. and Comparat, Johan and Dawson, Kyle and Newman, Jeffrey A. and Prakash, Abhishek and Roman-Lopes, Alexandre and Schneider, Donald P.},
abstractNote = {We present the first scientific results from the luminous red galaxy (LRG) sample of the extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS) combined with the high-redshift galaxies of the previous BOSS sample. We measure the small- and intermediate-scale clustering from a sample of more than 97,000 galaxies in the redshift range $0.6\lt z\lt 0.9$. We interpret these measurements in the framework of the Halo Occupation Distribution. The bias of this sample of LRGs is 2.30 ± 0.03, with a satellite fraction of 13% ± 3% and a mean halo mass of $2.5\times {10}^{13}\,{h}^{-1}\,{M}_{\odot }$. These results are consistent with expectations, demonstrating that these LRGs will be reliable tracers of large-scale structure at $z\sim 0.7$. The galaxy bias implies a scatter of luminosity at fixed halo mass, ${\sigma }_{\mathrm{log}L}$, of 0.19 dex. Using the clustering of massive galaxies from BOSS CMASS, BOSS LOWZ, and SDSS, we find that ${\sigma }_{\mathrm{log}L}=0.19$ is consistent with observations over the full redshift range that these samples cover. The addition of eBOSS to previous surveys allows the investigation of the evolution of massive galaxies over the past ~7 Gyr.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aa8eee},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 848,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

The Second Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
journal, July 2004

  • Abazajian, Kevork; Adelman-McCarthy, Jennifer K.; Agüeros, Marcel A.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 128, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/421365

The clustering of galaxies in the SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: baryon acoustic oscillations in the Data Release 9 spectroscopic galaxy sample
journal, December 2012


Using Cumulative Number Densities to Compare Galaxies Across Cosmic time
journal, October 2013

  • Behroozi, Peter S.; Marchesini, Danilo; Wechsler, Risa H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 777, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/777/1/L10

The Rockstar Phase-Space Temporal halo Finder and the Velocity Offsets of Cluster Cores
journal, December 2012


Gravitationally Consistent halo Catalogs and Merger Trees for Precision Cosmology
journal, December 2012


The nature of galaxy bias and clustering
journal, February 2000


The Halo Occupation Distribution: Toward an Empirical Determination of the Relation between Galaxies and Mass
journal, August 2002

  • Berlind, Andreas A.; Weinberg, David H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 575, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/341469

The Properties and Luminosity Function of Extremely Low Luminosity Galaxies
journal, September 2005

  • Blanton, Michael R.; Lupton, Robert H.; Schlegel, David J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 631, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/431416

New York University Value-Added Galaxy Catalog: A Galaxy Catalog Based on New Public Surveys
journal, June 2005

  • Blanton, Michael R.; Schlegel, David J.; Strauss, Michael A.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 129, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1086/429803

Spectral Classification and Redshift Measurement for the Sdss-Iii Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey
journal, October 2012


The 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey: power-spectrum analysis of the final data set and cosmological implications
journal, September 2005


The evolution of the galaxy content of dark matter haloes
journal, November 2016

  • Contreras, S.; Zehavi, I.; Baugh, C. M.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 465, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2826

Luminosity Function Constraints on the Evolution of Massive Red Galaxies since z ∼ 0.9
journal, August 2008

  • Cool, Richard J.; Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Fan, Xiaohui
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 682, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/589642

The Galaxy Optical Luminosity Function from the agn and Galaxy Evolution Survey
journal, February 2012

  • Cool, Richard J.; Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Kochanek, Christopher S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 748, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/748/1/10

Halo models of large scale structure
journal, December 2002


A survey of galaxy redshifts. V - The two-point position and velocity correlations
journal, April 1983

  • Davis, M.; Peebles, P. J. E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 267
  • DOI: 10.1086/160884

The Sdss-Iv Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: Overview and Early data
journal, February 2016

  • Dawson, Kyle S.; Kneib, Jean-Paul; Percival, Will J.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 151, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/0004-6256/151/2/44

The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey of Sdss-Iii
journal, December 2012

  • Dawson, Kyle S.; Schlegel, David J.; Ahn, Christopher P.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 145, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/145/1/10

Sdss-Iii: Massive Spectroscopic Surveys of the Distant Universe, the Milky way, and Extra-Solar Planetary Systems
journal, August 2011

  • Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Weinberg, David H.; Agol, Eric
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 142, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/142/3/72

Detection of the Baryon Acoustic Peak in the Large‐Scale Correlation Function of SDSS Luminous Red Galaxies
journal, November 2005

  • Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Zehavi, Idit; Hogg, David W.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 633, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/466512

Clustering in the 1.2-Jy IRAS Galaxy Redshift Survey - I. The redshift and real space correlation functions*
journal, January 1994

  • Fisher, K. B.; Davis, M.; Strauss, M. A.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 266, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/266.1.50

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Photometric System
journal, April 1996

  • Fukugita, M.; Ichikawa, T.; Gunn, J. E.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 111
  • DOI: 10.1086/117915

Hierarchical Galaxy Growth and Scatter in the Stellar Mass–Halo mass Relation
journal, December 2016

  • Gu (顾梦), Meng; Conroy, Charlie; Behroozi, Peter
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 833, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/0004-637X/833/1/2

The 2.5 m Telescope of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
journal, April 2006

  • Gunn, James E.; Siegmund, Walter A.; Mannery, Edward J.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 131, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1086/500975

The Clustering of Galaxies in the Sdss-Iii Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: Luminosity and Color Dependence and Redshift Evolution
journal, April 2013


The clustering of galaxies in the SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: modelling of the luminosity and colour dependence in the Data Release 10
journal, May 2014

  • Guo, H.; Zheng, Z.; Zehavi, I.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 441, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu763

The 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey: correlation functions, peculiar velocities and the matter density of the Universe
journal, November 2003


Bias and variance of angular correlation functions
journal, July 1993

  • Landy, Stephen D.; Szalay, Alexander S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 412
  • DOI: 10.1086/172900

The Stripe 82 Massive Galaxy Project – II. Stellar mass completeness of spectroscopic galaxy samples from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey
journal, February 2016

  • Leauthaud, Alexie; Bundy, Kevin; Saito, Shun
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 457, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw117

The Concentration Dependence of the Galaxy–Halo Connection: Modeling Assembly bias with Abundance Matching
journal, December 2016

  • Lehmann, Benjamin V.; Mao, Yao-Yuan; Becker, Matthew R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 834, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/834/1/37

Internal Kinematics of Groups of Galaxies in the Sloan Digital sky Survey data Release 7
journal, September 2012


Concentration, spin and shape of dark matter haloes as a function of the cosmological model: WMAP 1,   WMAP 3 and WMAP 5 results
journal, December 2008

  • Macciò, Andrea V.; Dutton, Aaron A.; van den Bosch, Frank C.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 391, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.14029.x

Satellite kinematics - II. The halo mass-luminosity relation of central galaxies in SDSS
journal, January 2009

  • More, Surhud; van den Bosch, Frank C.; Cacciato, Marcello
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 392, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.14095.x

Galactic star formation and accretion histories from matching galaxies to dark matter haloes
journal, December 2012

  • Moster, Benjamin P.; Naab, Thorsten; White, Simon D. M.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 428, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sts261

The Structure of Cold Dark Matter Halos
journal, May 1996

  • Navarro, Julio F.; Frenk, Carlos S.; White, Simon D. M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 462
  • DOI: 10.1086/177173

Statistical analysis of galaxy surveys - I. Robust error estimation for two-point clustering statistics
journal, June 2009


The clustering of galaxies in the SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: the low-redshift sample
journal, December 2012

  • Parejko, John K.; Sunayama, Tomomi; Padmanabhan, Nikhil
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 429, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sts314

Halo occupation numbers and galaxy bias
journal, November 2000


The Sdss-Iv Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: Luminous red Galaxy Target Selection
journal, June 2016

  • Prakash, Abhishek; Licquia, Timothy C.; Newman, Jeffrey A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 224, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/0067-0049/224/2/34

The Connection Between Galaxies and dark Matter Structures in the Local Universe
journal, June 2013

  • Reddick, Rachel M.; Wechsler, Risa H.; Tinker, Jeremy L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 771, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/771/1/30

SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey Data Release 12: galaxy target selection and large-scale structure catalogues
journal, November 2015

  • Reid, Beth; Ho, Shirley; Padmanabhan, Nikhil
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 455, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2382

A 2.5 per cent measurement of the growth rate from small-scale redshift space clustering of SDSS-III CMASS galaxies
journal, August 2014

  • Reid, Beth A.; Seo, Hee-Jong; Leauthaud, Alexie
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 444, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu1391

Analytic model for galaxy and dark matter clustering
journal, October 2000


The Multi-Object, Fiber-Fed Spectrographs for the Sloan Digital sky Survey and the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey
journal, July 2013


Sloan Digital Sky Survey: Early Data Release
journal, January 2002

  • Stoughton, Chris; Lupton, Robert H.; Bernardi, Mariangela
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 123, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/324741

Methods for rapidly processing angular masks of next-generation galaxy surveys
journal, July 2008

  • Swanson, M. E. C.; Tegmark, Max; Hamilton, Andrew J. S.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 387, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13296.x

Toward a Halo Mass Function for Precision Cosmology: The Limits of Universality
journal, December 2008

  • Tinker, Jeremy; Kravtsov, Andrey V.; Klypin, Anatoly
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 688, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/591439

The Correlation between Halo Mass and Stellar Mass for the Most Massive Galaxies in the Universe
journal, April 2017

  • Tinker, Jeremy L.; Brownstein, Joel R.; Guo, Hong
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 839, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa6845

The Large-Scale bias of dark Matter Halos: Numerical Calibration and Model Tests
journal, November 2010

  • Tinker, Jeremy L.; Robertson, Brant E.; Kravtsov, Andrey V.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 724, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/724/2/878

Cosmological Constraints from Galaxy Clustering and the Mass-To-Number Ratio of Galaxy Clusters
journal, December 2011

  • Tinker, Jeremy L.; Sheldon, Erin S.; Wechsler, Risa H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 745, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/745/1/16

On the Mass‐to‐Light Ratio of Large‐Scale Structure
journal, September 2005

  • Tinker, Jeremy L.; Weinberg, David H.; Zheng, Zheng
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 631, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/432084

The 2dF-SDSS LRG and QSO Survey: evolution of the clustering of luminous red galaxies since z = 0.6
journal, July 2008


What determines satellite galaxy disruption?: What determines satellite galaxy disruption?
journal, February 2010


THE CLUSTERING OF MASSIVE GALAXIES AT z ∼ 0.5 FROM THE FIRST SEMESTER OF BOSS DATA
journal, January 2011


The Halo Model and Numerical Simulations
journal, April 2001

  • White, Martin; Hernquist, Lars; Springel, Volker
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 550, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/319644

Mock galaxy catalogues using the quick particle mesh method
journal, November 2013

  • White, Martin; Tinker, Jeremy L.; McBride, Cameron K.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 437, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt2071

The Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (Wise): Mission Description and Initial On-Orbit Performance
journal, November 2010


Galaxy Clustering in Early Sloan Digital Sky Survey Redshift Data
journal, May 2002

  • Zehavi, Idit; Blanton, Michael R.; Frieman, Joshua A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 571, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/339893

The Luminosity and Color Dependence of the Galaxy Correlation Function
journal, September 2005

  • Zehavi, Idit; Zheng, Zheng; Weinberg, David H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 630, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/431891

Galaxy Clustering in the Completed sdss Redshift Survey: the Dependence on Color and Luminosity
journal, July 2011


The extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: a cosmological forecast
journal, February 2016

  • Zhao, Gong-Bo; Wang, Yuting; Ross, Ashley J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 457, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw135

Galaxy Evolution from Halo Occupation Distribution Modeling of DEEP2 and SDSS Galaxy Clustering
journal, October 2007

  • Zheng, Zheng; Coil, Alison L.; Zehavi, Idit
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 667, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/521074

Halo Occupation Distribution Modeling of Clustering of Luminous red Galaxies
journal, November 2009


Mapping stellar content to dark matter haloes – II. Halo mass is the main driver of galaxy quenching
journal, January 2016

  • Zu, Ying; Mandelbaum, Rachel
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 457, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw221