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Title: The Sounds of the Little and Big Bangs

Abstract

Studies on heavy ion collisions have discovered that tiny fireballs of a new phase of matter—quark gluon plasma (QGP)—undergo an explosion, called the Little Bang. In spite of its small size, not only is it well described by hydrodynamics, but even small perturbations on top of the explosion turned out to be well described by hydrodynamical sound modes. The cosmological Big Bang also went through phase transitions, related with Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and electroweak/Higgs symmetry breaking, which are also expected to produce sounds. We discuss their subsequent evolution and hypothetical inverse acoustic cascade, amplifying the amplitude. Ultimately, the collision of two sound waves leads to the formation of one gravity waves. We briefly discuss how these gravity waves can be detected.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
The State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1511002
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-88ER40388
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Universe
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2218-1997
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; heavy ion collisions; quark-gluon plasma; collective flows; sounds; gravitational waves

Citation Formats

Shuryak, Edward. The Sounds of the Little and Big Bangs. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3390/universe3040075.
Shuryak, Edward. The Sounds of the Little and Big Bangs. United States. doi:10.3390/universe3040075.
Shuryak, Edward. Wed . "The Sounds of the Little and Big Bangs". United States. doi:10.3390/universe3040075. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1511002.
@article{osti_1511002,
title = {The Sounds of the Little and Big Bangs},
author = {Shuryak, Edward},
abstractNote = {Studies on heavy ion collisions have discovered that tiny fireballs of a new phase of matter—quark gluon plasma (QGP)—undergo an explosion, called the Little Bang. In spite of its small size, not only is it well described by hydrodynamics, but even small perturbations on top of the explosion turned out to be well described by hydrodynamical sound modes. The cosmological Big Bang also went through phase transitions, related with Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and electroweak/Higgs symmetry breaking, which are also expected to produce sounds. We discuss their subsequent evolution and hypothetical inverse acoustic cascade, amplifying the amplitude. Ultimately, the collision of two sound waves leads to the formation of one gravity waves. We briefly discuss how these gravity waves can be detected.},
doi = {10.3390/universe3040075},
journal = {Universe},
number = 4,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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