skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Possible Involvement of Permian Phosphoria Formation Oil as a Source of REE and Other Metals Associated with Complex U-V Mineralization in the Northern Bighorn Basin?

Abstract

The origin of V, U, REE and other metals in the Permian Phosphoria Formation have been speculated and studied by numerous scientists. The exceptionally high concentrations of metals have been interpreted to reflect fundamental transitions from anoxic to oxic marine conditions. Much of the oil in the Bighorn Basin, is sourced by the Phosphoria Formation. Two of the top 10 producing oil fields in Wyoming are located approximately 50 km west of two abandoned U-V mining districts in the northern portion of the basin. These fields produce from basin margin anticlinal structures from Mississippian age reservoir rock. Samples collected from abandoned U-V mines and prospects hosted in Mississippian aged paleokarst in Montana and Wyoming have hydrocarbon residue present and contain anomalous high concentrations of many metals that are found in similar concentrations in the Phosphoria Formation. As, Hg, Mo, Pb, Tl, U, V and Zn, often metals of environmental concern occur in high concentrations in Phosphoria Formation samples and had values ranging from 30–1295 ppm As, 0.179–12.8 ppm Hg, 2–791 ppm Mo, <2–146 ppm Pb, 10–490 ppm Tl, 907–86,800 ppm U, 1240–18,900 ppm V, and 7–2230 ppm Zn, in mineralized samples from this study. The REE plus Y composition ofmore » Madison Limestone- and limestone breccia hosted-bitumen reflect similar patterns to both mineralized samples from this study and to U.S. Geological Survey rock samples from studies of the Phosphoria Formation. Geochemical, mineralogical and field data were used to investigate past theories for mineralization of these deposits to determine if U present in home wells and Hg content of fish from rivers on the proximal Crow Indian Reservation may have been derived from these deposits or related to their mode of mineralization.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT (United States). Dept. of Earth Sciences
  2. Univ. of Montana, Missoula, MT (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
1510973
Grant/Contract Number:  
FE0000397
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Minerals
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2075-163X
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; U; V; As; Hg; Mo; Pb; Tl; Zn; REE; Permian Phosphoria Formation; abandoned mines; Pryor Mountains; Bighorn Basin; silica polyamine composites; SPCs

Citation Formats

Moore-Nall, Anita, and Tsosie, Ranalda. Possible Involvement of Permian Phosphoria Formation Oil as a Source of REE and Other Metals Associated with Complex U-V Mineralization in the Northern Bighorn Basin?. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3390/min7120232.
Moore-Nall, Anita, & Tsosie, Ranalda. Possible Involvement of Permian Phosphoria Formation Oil as a Source of REE and Other Metals Associated with Complex U-V Mineralization in the Northern Bighorn Basin?. United States. doi:10.3390/min7120232.
Moore-Nall, Anita, and Tsosie, Ranalda. Thu . "Possible Involvement of Permian Phosphoria Formation Oil as a Source of REE and Other Metals Associated with Complex U-V Mineralization in the Northern Bighorn Basin?". United States. doi:10.3390/min7120232. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1510973.
@article{osti_1510973,
title = {Possible Involvement of Permian Phosphoria Formation Oil as a Source of REE and Other Metals Associated with Complex U-V Mineralization in the Northern Bighorn Basin?},
author = {Moore-Nall, Anita and Tsosie, Ranalda},
abstractNote = {The origin of V, U, REE and other metals in the Permian Phosphoria Formation have been speculated and studied by numerous scientists. The exceptionally high concentrations of metals have been interpreted to reflect fundamental transitions from anoxic to oxic marine conditions. Much of the oil in the Bighorn Basin, is sourced by the Phosphoria Formation. Two of the top 10 producing oil fields in Wyoming are located approximately 50 km west of two abandoned U-V mining districts in the northern portion of the basin. These fields produce from basin margin anticlinal structures from Mississippian age reservoir rock. Samples collected from abandoned U-V mines and prospects hosted in Mississippian aged paleokarst in Montana and Wyoming have hydrocarbon residue present and contain anomalous high concentrations of many metals that are found in similar concentrations in the Phosphoria Formation. As, Hg, Mo, Pb, Tl, U, V and Zn, often metals of environmental concern occur in high concentrations in Phosphoria Formation samples and had values ranging from 30–1295 ppm As, 0.179–12.8 ppm Hg, 2–791 ppm Mo, <2–146 ppm Pb, 10–490 ppm Tl, 907–86,800 ppm U, 1240–18,900 ppm V, and 7–2230 ppm Zn, in mineralized samples from this study. The REE plus Y composition of Madison Limestone- and limestone breccia hosted-bitumen reflect similar patterns to both mineralized samples from this study and to U.S. Geological Survey rock samples from studies of the Phosphoria Formation. Geochemical, mineralogical and field data were used to investigate past theories for mineralization of these deposits to determine if U present in home wells and Hg content of fish from rivers on the proximal Crow Indian Reservation may have been derived from these deposits or related to their mode of mineralization.},
doi = {10.3390/min7120232},
journal = {Minerals},
number = 12,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Thallium: A potential guide to mineral deposits
journal, December 1983

  • Ikramuddin, Mohammed; Asmeron, Yemane; Nordstrom, Paul M.
  • Journal of Geochemical Exploration, Vol. 19, Issue 1-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/0375-6742(83)90038-9

Characterization and Applications of Poly‐Acetate Modified Silica Polyamine Composites
journal, February 2007


Hydraulic fracturing and mineralization
journal, July 1972


Sol–Gel Synthesis and Characterization of Silica Polyamine Composites: Applications to Metal Ion Capture
journal, February 2012

  • Allen, Jesse J.; Rosenberg, Edward; Johnston, Erik
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/am201761m

Microbial contributions to cave formation: New insights into sulfuric acid speleogenesis
journal, January 2004

  • Engel, Annette Summers; Stern, Libby A.; Bennett, Philip C.
  • Geology, Vol. 32, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1130/G20288.1

Paleogeographic and paleotectonic setting of Laramide sedimentary basins in the central Rocky Mountain region
journal, July 1988


A Modified Staining Technique for Carbonates in Thin Section
journal, February 1965


Structural design at the polymer surface interface in nanoporous silica polyamine composites
journal, April 2011


Evaluation of the rhenium–osmium geochronometer in the Phosphoria petroleum system, Bighorn Basin of Wyoming and Montana, USA
journal, October 2013


Sr, Y, and REE diffusion in fluorite
journal, October 2001


The rare earth elements in seawater
journal, March 1982

  • Elderfield, Henry; Greaves, Mervyn J.
  • Nature, Vol. 296, Issue 5854
  • DOI: 10.1038/296214a0

Structural Investigations of Silica Polyamine Composites:  Surface Coverage, Metal Ion Coordination, and Ligand Modification
journal, September 2006

  • Hughes, Mark A.; Nielsen, Dan; Rosenberg, Edward
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 45, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/ie0601448

Silica Polyamine Composites: New Supramolecular Materials for Cation and Anion Recovery and Remediation
journal, March 2006

  • Hughes, Mark; Miranda, Paul; Nielsen, Dan
  • Macromolecular Symposia, Vol. 235, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/masy.200650320

Uranium solution-mineral equilibria at low temperatures with applications to sedimentary ore deposits
journal, June 1978


The interplay of fold mechanisms and basement weaknesses at the transition between Laramide basement-involved arches, north-central Wyoming, USA
journal, September 2009


The “North American shale composite”: Its compilation, major and trace element characteristics
journal, December 1984

  • Gromet, L. Peter; Haskin, Larry A.; Korotev, Randy L.
  • Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 48, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1016/0016-7037(84)90298-9

Thallium pollution in China: A geo-environmental perspective
journal, April 2012


Reservoir characterization of the Mississippian Madison Formation, Wind River basin, Wyoming
journal, April 2004

  • Westphal, Hildegard; Eberli, Gregor P.; Smith, Langhorne B.
  • AAPG Bulletin, Vol. 88, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1306/12020301029

Detection of organic matter in thin-sections of carbonate rocks using a white card
journal, November 1987


REE-activated cathodoluminescence of calcite and dolomite: high-resolution spectrometric analysis of CL emission (HRS-CL)
journal, January 1996


Structurally controlled hydrothermal dolomite reservoir facies: An overview
journal, November 2006

  • Davies, Graham R.; Smith, Langhorne B.
  • AAPG Bulletin, Vol. 90, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1306/05220605164

Solid phase extraction using silica gel modified with murexide for preconcentration of uranium (VI) ions from water samples
journal, April 2009


Ocean particle chemistry: The fractionation of rare earth elements between suspended particles and seawater
journal, March 1994

  • Sholkovitz, Edward R.; Landing, William M.; Lewis, Brent L.
  • Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 58, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1016/0016-7037(94)90559-2

Rare earth elements in sedimentary phosphate deposits: Solution to the global REE crisis?
journal, February 2015

  • Emsbo, Poul; McLaughlin, Patrick I.; Breit, George N.
  • Gondwana Research, Vol. 27, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.gr.2014.10.008

Fracture-controlled paleohydrogeology in a basement-cored, fault-related fold: Sheep Mountain Anticline, Wyoming, United States: PALEOFLUID FLOW IN A BASEMENT-CORED FOLD
journal, June 2011

  • Beaudoin, Nicolas; Bellahsen, Nicolas; Lacombe, Olivier
  • Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Vol. 12, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010GC003494

Potential Health Risks from Uranium in Home Well Water: An Investigation by the Apsaalooke (Crow) Tribal Research Group
journal, March 2015


Characterization of Surface-Bound Zr(IV) and Its Application to Removal of As(V) and As(III) from Aqueous Systems Using Phosphonic Acid Modified Nanoporous Silica Polyamine Composites
journal, April 2009

  • Kailasam, Varadharajan; Rosenberg, Edward; Nielsen, Daniel
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 48, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/ie8016362

Seismic pumping—a hydrothermal fluid transport mechanism
journal, November 1975

  • Sibson, R. H.; Moore, J. Mc. M.; Rankin, A. H.
  • Journal of the Geological Society, Vol. 131, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1144/gsjgs.131.6.0653