skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Gold-patched graphene nano-stripes for high-responsivity and ultrafast photodetection from the visible to infrared regime

Abstract

Graphene is a very attractive material for broadband photodetection in hyperspectral imaging and sensing systems. However, its potential use has been hindered by tradeoffs between the responsivity, bandwidth, and operation speed of existing graphene photodetectors. Here, we present engineered photoconductive nanostructures based on gold-patched graphene nano-stripes, which enable simultaneous broadband and ultrafast photodetection with high responsivity. These nanostructures merge the advantages of broadband optical absorption, ultrafast photocarrier transport, and carrier multiplication within graphene nano-stripes with the ultrafast transport of photocarriers to gold patches before recombination. Through this approach, high-responsivity operation is realized without the use of bandwidth-limiting and speed-limiting quantum dots, defect states, or tunneling barriers. We demonstrate high-responsivity photodetection from the visible to infrared regime (0.6 A/W at 0.8 μm and 11.5 A/W at 20 μm), with operation speeds exceeding 50 GHz. Our results demonstrate improvement of the response times by more than seven orders of magnitude and an increase in bandwidths of one order of magnitude compared to those of higher-responsivity graphene photodetectors based on quantum dots and tunneling barriers.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Electrical Engineering Dept.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1510255
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0016925
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Light, Science & Applications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2047-7538
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Cakmakyapan, Semih, Lu, Ping Keng, Navabi, Aryan, and Jarrahi, Mona. Gold-patched graphene nano-stripes for high-responsivity and ultrafast photodetection from the visible to infrared regime. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41377-018-0020-2.
Cakmakyapan, Semih, Lu, Ping Keng, Navabi, Aryan, & Jarrahi, Mona. Gold-patched graphene nano-stripes for high-responsivity and ultrafast photodetection from the visible to infrared regime. United States. doi:10.1038/s41377-018-0020-2.
Cakmakyapan, Semih, Lu, Ping Keng, Navabi, Aryan, and Jarrahi, Mona. Wed . "Gold-patched graphene nano-stripes for high-responsivity and ultrafast photodetection from the visible to infrared regime". United States. doi:10.1038/s41377-018-0020-2. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1510255.
@article{osti_1510255,
title = {Gold-patched graphene nano-stripes for high-responsivity and ultrafast photodetection from the visible to infrared regime},
author = {Cakmakyapan, Semih and Lu, Ping Keng and Navabi, Aryan and Jarrahi, Mona},
abstractNote = {Graphene is a very attractive material for broadband photodetection in hyperspectral imaging and sensing systems. However, its potential use has been hindered by tradeoffs between the responsivity, bandwidth, and operation speed of existing graphene photodetectors. Here, we present engineered photoconductive nanostructures based on gold-patched graphene nano-stripes, which enable simultaneous broadband and ultrafast photodetection with high responsivity. These nanostructures merge the advantages of broadband optical absorption, ultrafast photocarrier transport, and carrier multiplication within graphene nano-stripes with the ultrafast transport of photocarriers to gold patches before recombination. Through this approach, high-responsivity operation is realized without the use of bandwidth-limiting and speed-limiting quantum dots, defect states, or tunneling barriers. We demonstrate high-responsivity photodetection from the visible to infrared regime (0.6 A/W at 0.8 μm and 11.5 A/W at 20 μm), with operation speeds exceeding 50 GHz. Our results demonstrate improvement of the response times by more than seven orders of magnitude and an increase in bandwidths of one order of magnitude compared to those of higher-responsivity graphene photodetectors based on quantum dots and tunneling barriers.},
doi = {10.1038/s41377-018-0020-2},
journal = {Light, Science & Applications},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 39 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Enhanced photodetection in graphene-integrated photonic crystal cavity
journal, December 2013

  • Shiue, Ren-Jye; Gan, Xuetao; Gao, Yuanda
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 103, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4839235

Graphene-Antenna Sandwich Photodetector
journal, June 2012

  • Fang, Zheyu; Liu, Zheng; Wang, Yumin
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl301774e

Photodetectors based on graphene, other two-dimensional materials and hybrid systems
journal, October 2014

  • Koppens, F. H. L.; Mueller, T.; Avouris, Ph.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 9, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2014.215

Graphene plasmonics
journal, November 2012

  • Grigorenko, A. N.; Polini, M.; Novoselov, K. S.
  • Nature Photonics, Vol. 6, Issue 11, p. 749-758
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2012.262

Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications
journal, March 2010


Electron mobility calculation for graphene on substrates
journal, August 2014

  • Hirai, Hideki; Tsuchiya, Hideaki; Kamakura, Yoshinari
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 116, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4893650

Light–matter interaction in a microcavity-controlled graphene transistor
journal, January 2012

  • Engel, Michael; Steiner, Mathias; Lombardo, Antonio
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1911

Ultrafast graphene photodetector
journal, October 2009

  • Xia, Fengnian; Mueller, Thomas; Lin, Yu-ming
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 4, Issue 12, p. 839-843
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2009.292

Infrared Photodetectors Based on CVD-Grown Graphene and PbS Quantum Dots with Ultrahigh Responsivity
journal, August 2012


Ultrafast collinear scattering and carrier multiplication in graphene
journal, June 2013

  • Brida, D.; Tomadin, A.; Manzoni, C.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2987

Photoexcitation cascade and multiple hot-carrier generation in graphene
journal, February 2013

  • Tielrooij, K. J.; Song, J. C. W.; Jensen, S. A.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2564

Ultrahigh-mobility graphene devices from chemical vapor deposition on reusable copper
journal, July 2015

  • Banszerus, Luca; Schmitz, Michael; Engels, Stephan
  • Science Advances, Vol. 1, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1500222

Infrared Photodetectors Based on Reduced Graphene Oxide and Graphene Nanoribbons
journal, July 2011

  • Chitara, Basant; Panchakarla, L. S.; Krupanidhi, S. B.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201101414

Enhanced Graphene Photodetector with Fractal Metasurface
journal, December 2016


Sub-10 nm Graphene Nanoribbon Array Field-Effect Transistors Fabricated by Block Copolymer Lithography
journal, June 2013

  • Son, Jeong Gon; Son, Myungwoo; Moon, Kyeong-Joo
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 25, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201300813

Chip-integrated ultrafast graphene photodetector with high responsivity
journal, September 2013


Experimental Verification of Carrier Multiplication in Graphene
journal, August 2014

  • Plötzing, T.; Winzer, T.; Malic, E.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl502114w

Hybrid graphene–quantum dot phototransistors with ultrahigh gain
journal, May 2012

  • Konstantatos, Gerasimos; Badioli, Michela; Gaudreau, Louis
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2012.60

50 GBit/s Photodetectors Based on Wafer-Scale Graphene for Integrated Silicon Photonic Communication Systems
journal, August 2014

  • Schall, Daniel; Neumaier, Daniel; Mohsin, Muhammad
  • ACS Photonics, Vol. 1, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/ph5001605

Optical antenna enhanced graphene photodetector
journal, December 2014

  • Chakraborty, Chitraleema; Beams, Ryan; Goodfellow, Kenneth M.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 105, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4904800

Oxygen-Assisted Charge Transfer Between ZnO Quantum Dots and Graphene
journal, March 2013


High-Responsivity Mid-Infrared Graphene Detectors with Antenna-Enhanced Photocarrier Generation and Collection
journal, June 2014

  • Yao, Yu; Shankar, Raji; Rauter, Patrick
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl500602n

Optical spectroscopy of graphene: From the far infrared to the ultraviolet
journal, August 2012


Photocurrent Imaging and Efficient Photon Detection in a Graphene Transistor
journal, March 2009

  • Xia, Fengnian; Mueller, Thomas; Golizadeh-Mojarad, Roksana
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl8033812

Role of contacts in graphene transistors: A scanning photocurrent study
journal, June 2009


Surface Plasmon Polariton Graphene Photodetectors
journal, December 2015


Graphene photonics and optoelectronics
journal, August 2010


Integrating an electrically active colloidal quantum dot photodiode with a graphene phototransistor
journal, June 2016

  • Nikitskiy, Ivan; Goossens, Stijn; Kufer, Dominik
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11954

Intrinsic photocurrent characteristics of graphene photodetectors passivated with Al_2O_3
journal, January 2013

  • Kang, Chang Goo; Lee, Sang Kyung; Choe, Sunhee
  • Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.21.023391

Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene
journal, June 2008

  • Bolotin, K. I.; Sikes, K. J.; Jiang, Z.
  • Solid State Communications, Vol. 146, Issue 9-10, p. 351-355
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ssc.2008.02.024

Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene
journal, August 2011

  • Echtermeyer, T. J.; Britnell, L.; Jasnos, P. K.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1464

Strong Enhancement of Light–Matter Interaction in Graphene Coupled to a Photonic Crystal Nanocavity
journal, October 2012

  • Gan, Xuetao; Mak, Kin Fai; Gao, Yuanda
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl302746n

Tunable Graphene–Silicon Heterojunctions for Ultrasensitive Photodetection
journal, February 2013

  • An, Xiaohong; Liu, Fangze; Jung, Yung Joon
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl303682j

Photocurrent in graphene harnessed by tunable intrinsic plasmons
journal, June 2013

  • Freitag, Marcus; Low, Tony; Zhu, Wenjuan
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2951

Microcavity-Integrated Graphene Photodetector
journal, May 2012

  • Furchi, Marco; Urich, Alexander; Pospischil, Andreas
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl204512x

Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature
journal, March 2014

  • Liu, Chang-Hua; Chang, You-Chia; Norris, Theodore B.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 9, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2014.31

CMOS-compatible graphene photodetector covering all optical communication bands
journal, September 2013


High-responsivity graphene/silicon-heterostructure waveguide photodetectors
journal, September 2013


Controllable unzipping for intramolecular junctions of graphene nanoribbons and single-walled carbon nanotubes
journal, January 2013

  • Wei, Dacheng; Xie, Lanfei; Lee, Kian Keat
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2366

Broadband high photoresponse from pure monolayer graphene photodetector
journal, May 2013

  • Zhang, By Yongzhe; Liu, Tao; Meng, Bo
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2830

Plasmon resonance enhanced multicolour photodetection by graphene
journal, September 2011

  • Liu, Yuan; Cheng, Rui; Liao, Lei
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1589

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Theoretical Study of Plasmonically Induced Transparency Effect in Arrays of Graphene-Based Double Disk Resonators
    journal, March 2019

    • Portela, Gianni; Dmitriev, Victor; Oliveira, Cristiano
    • Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications, Vol. 18, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1590/2179-10742019v18i11634

    Graphene as a Transparent and Conductive Electrode for Organic Optoelectronic Devices
    journal, June 2019

    • Chen, Yang; Yue, Yuan‐Yuan; Wang, Shi‐Rong
    • Advanced Electronic Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201900247

    Graphene as a Transparent and Conductive Electrode for Organic Optoelectronic Devices
    journal, June 2019

    • Chen, Yang; Yue, Yuan‐Yuan; Wang, Shi‐Rong
    • Advanced Electronic Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201900247

    Theoretical Study of Plasmonically Induced Transparency Effect in Arrays of Graphene-Based Double Disk Resonators
    journal, March 2019

    • Portela, Gianni; Dmitriev, Victor; Oliveira, Cristiano
    • Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications, Vol. 18, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1590/2179-10742019v18i11634

    In2S3 Quantum Dots: Preparation, Properties and Optoelectronic Application
    journal, May 2019


    Laser Fabrication of Graphene‐Based Flexible Electronics
    journal, August 2019


    Laser Programmable Patterning of RGO/GO Janus Paper for Multiresponsive Actuators
    journal, August 2019

    • Ma, Jia‐Nan; Mao, Jiang‐Wei; Han, Dong‐Dong
    • Advanced Materials Technologies, Vol. 4, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1002/admt.201900554

    Engineering Optical Absorption in Graphene and Other 2D Materials: Advances and Applications
    journal, July 2019


    Polariton Photonics Using Structured Metals and 2D Materials
    journal, October 2019

    • Cai, Ziqiang; Xu, Yihao; Wang, Chuangtang
    • Advanced Optical Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1002/adom.201901090

    Mixing Properties of Room Temperature Patch‐Antenna Receivers in a Mid‐Infrared (λ ≈ 9 µm) Heterodyne System
    journal, December 2019

    • Bigioli, Azzurra; Gacemi, Djamal; Palaferri, Daniele
    • Laser & Photonics Reviews, Vol. 14, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201900207

    Fabrication of highly stable CdS/g-C3N4 composite for enhanced photocatalytic degradation of RhB and reduction of CO2
    journal, November 2019


    Trap engineering in solution processed PbSe quantum dots for high-speed MID-infrared photodetectors
    journal, January 2019

    • Dolatyari, Mahboubeh; Rostami, Ali; Mathur, Sanjay
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 7, Issue 19
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8tc06093b

    Hybrid plasmonic gold-nanorod–platinum short-wave infrared photodetectors with fast response
    journal, January 2019

    • Xiang, Hengyang; Hu, Zhelu; Billot, Laurent
    • Nanoscale, Vol. 11, Issue 39
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9nr04792a

    Synthesis of bismuth sulfide nanobelts for high performance broadband photodetectors
    journal, January 2020

    • Xu, Jinzhuo; Li, Henan; Fang, Shaofan
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 8, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9tc06780a

    High responsivity graphene photodetectors from visible to near-infrared by photogating effect
    journal, November 2018

    • Luo, Fang; Zhu, Mengjian; tan, Yuan
    • AIP Advances, Vol. 8, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5054760

    Two-dimensional infrared and terahertz detectors: Outlook and status
    journal, June 2019

    • Rogalski, A.; Kopytko, M.; Martyniuk, P.
    • Applied Physics Reviews, Vol. 6, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5088578

    Illumination study of a quantum MIM diode for the mid-infrared
    journal, August 2019


    Graphene-based polarization-sensitive longwave infrared photodetector
    journal, August 2019


    Panchromatic organic photodetectors with SubPc as a non-fullerene acceptor
    journal, September 2019


    Graphene-based materials in the infrared and terahertz detector families: a tutorial
    journal, January 2019


    Ultra-compact integrated graphene plasmonic photodetector with bandwidth above 110 GHz
    journal, February 2020


    A Grain Boundary Regulates the Friction Behaviors between Graphene and a Gold Substrate
    journal, August 2019


    Electronic and Thermal Properties of Graphene and Recent Advances in Graphene Based Electronics Applications
    journal, March 2019

    • Sang, Mingyu; Shin, Jongwoon; Kim, Kiho
    • Nanomaterials, Vol. 9, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.3390/nano9030374

    Two-Dimensional Hybrid Composites of SnS2 Nanosheets Array Film with Graphene for Enhanced Photoelectric Performance
    journal, August 2019