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Title: First cosmological results using Type Ia supernovae from the Dark Energy Survey: measurement of the Hubble constant

Abstract

We propose an improved measurement of the Hubble Constant (H 0) using the 'inverse distance ladder' method, which adds the information from 207 Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) at redshift 0.018 < z < 0.85 to existing distance measurements of 122 low redshift (z < 0.07) SNe Ia (Low-z) and measurements of Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAOs). Whereas traditional measurements of H 0 with SNe Ia use a distance ladder of parallax and Cepheid variable stars, the inverse distance ladder relies on absolute distance measurements from the BAOs to calibrate the intrinsic magnitude of the SNe Ia. We find H 0 = 67.77 ± 1.3 km s -1 Mpc -1 (statistical and systematic uncertainties, 68% confidence). In this work, our measurement makes minimal assumptions about the underlying cosmological model, and our analysis was blinded to reduce confirmation bias. We investigate possible systematic uncertainties and all are presently below the statistical uncertainties. Our H 0 value is consistent with estimates derived from the Cosmic Microwave Background assuming a ΔCDM universe (Planck Collaboration et al. 2018).

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [4];  [2];  [3];  [7];  [8];  [7];  [9];  [2];  [10];  [10];  [11];  [12] more »;  [12];  [13];  [1];  [14];  [15];  [16];  [17];  [3];  [18];  [19];  [20];  [21];  [22];  [1];  [22];  [23];  [24];  [23];  [25];  [12];  [15];  [26];  [27];  [12];  [28];  [29];  [12];  [12];  [30];  [22];  [26];  [31];  [32];  [22];  [33];  [34];  [17];  [20];  [24];  [12];  [35];  [30];  [36];  [3];  [37];  [38];  [2];  [39];  [30];  [40];  [41];  [42];  [12];  [15];  [43];  [26];  [44];  [12];  [24];  [16];  [45];  [46];  [8];  [12];  [47];  [48];  [49];  [17];  [25];  [12];  [50];  [38];  [22];  [25];  [9];  [51];  [52];  [4];  [53];  [1];  [54];  [38];  [1];  [8];  [4];  [55];  [56];  [11];  [10] « less
  1. Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3FX, UK
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
  3. School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
  4. ARC Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), Australia; The Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, ACT 2601, Australia
  5. African Institute for Mathematical Sciences, 6 Melrose Road, Muizenberg 7945, South Africa; South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O.Box 9, Observatory 7935, South Africa
  6. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
  7. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
  8. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
  9. The Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, ACT 2601, Australia
  10. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
  11. Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
  12. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P. O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
  13. Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-348, Korea
  14. LSST, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
  15. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
  16. George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
  17. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, P. O. Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  18. Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), E-28040 Madrid, Spain; Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia - LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil
  19. INAF, Astrophysical Observatory of Turin, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy
  20. Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA; National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark St, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  21. Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain
  22. Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), E-08034 Barcelona, Spain; Institute of Space Sciences (ICE, CSIC), Campus UAB, Carrer de Can Magrans, s/n, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain
  23. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, P. O. Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
  24. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia - LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil
  25. Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), E-28040 Madrid, Spain
  26. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P. O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
  27. Department of Astronomy/Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721-0065, USA; Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
  28. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  29. Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411, USA; Miller Institute for Basic Research in Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
  30. Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
  31. PITT PACC, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
  32. Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain
  33. Centre for Astrophysics & Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, VIC 3122, Australia
  34. CENTRA, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, P-1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
  35. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK; Department of Physics, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 16, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland
  36. Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
  37. Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching, Germany; Universitäts-Sternwarte, Fakultät für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München, Scheinerstr. 1, D-81679 München, Germany
  38. Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  39. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
  40. South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O.Box 9, Observatory 7935, South Africa; Department of Physics, University of Namibia, 340 Mandume Ndemufayo Avenue, Pionierspark, Windhoek 13301, Namibia
  41. Department of Astronomy/Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721-0065, USA
  42. Australian Astronomical Optics, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia
  43. Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, A28, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
  44. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia - LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Departamento de Física Matemática, Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 66318 São Paulo, SP 05314-970, Brazil
  45. Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
  46. Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain; Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain
  47. Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan; Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
  48. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
  49. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Pevensey Building, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK
  50. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  51. Physics Department, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, Waltham, MA 02453, USA
  52. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia - LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859 Campinas, SP, Brazil
  53. Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
  54. National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark St, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  55. Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara St, Pasadena, CA 91101, USA
  56. Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
DES Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1510042
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1811.02376; FERMILAB-PUB-19-045-AE-CD
Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711; 1702373
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 486; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; cosmological parameters; cosmology observations; distance scale

Citation Formats

Macaulay, E., Nichol, R. C., Bacon, D., Brout, D., Davis, T. M., Zhang, B., Bassett, B. A., Scolnic, D., Möller, A., D’Andrea, C. B., Hinton, S. R., Kessler, R., Kim, A. G., Lasker, J., Lidman, C., Sako, M., Smith, M., Sullivan, M., Abbott, T. M. C., Allam, S., Annis, J., Asorey, J., Avila, S., Bechtol, K., Brooks, D., Brown, P., Burke, D. L., Calcino, J., Carnero Rosell, A., Carollo, D., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Collett, T., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., De Vicente, J., Diehl, H. T., Doel, P., Drlica-Wagner, A., Eifler, T. F., Estrada, J., Evrard, A. E., Filippenko, A. V., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Foley, R. J., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Galbany, L., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Glazebrook, K., González-Gaitán, S., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., Hoormann, J. K., Hoyle, B., Huterer, D., Jain, B., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kasai, E., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lewis, G. F., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Lin, H., Maia, M. A. G., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Miquel, R., Nugent, P., Palmese, A., Pan, Y-C, Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Sharp, R., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Sommer, N. E., Suchyta, E., Swann, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Thomas, R. C., Tucker, B. E., Uddin, S. A., Vikram, V., Walker, A. R., and Wiseman, P.. First cosmological results using Type Ia supernovae from the Dark Energy Survey: measurement of the Hubble constant. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz978.
Macaulay, E., Nichol, R. C., Bacon, D., Brout, D., Davis, T. M., Zhang, B., Bassett, B. A., Scolnic, D., Möller, A., D’Andrea, C. B., Hinton, S. R., Kessler, R., Kim, A. G., Lasker, J., Lidman, C., Sako, M., Smith, M., Sullivan, M., Abbott, T. M. C., Allam, S., Annis, J., Asorey, J., Avila, S., Bechtol, K., Brooks, D., Brown, P., Burke, D. L., Calcino, J., Carnero Rosell, A., Carollo, D., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Collett, T., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., De Vicente, J., Diehl, H. T., Doel, P., Drlica-Wagner, A., Eifler, T. F., Estrada, J., Evrard, A. E., Filippenko, A. V., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Foley, R. J., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Galbany, L., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Glazebrook, K., González-Gaitán, S., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., Hoormann, J. K., Hoyle, B., Huterer, D., Jain, B., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kasai, E., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lewis, G. F., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Lin, H., Maia, M. A. G., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Miquel, R., Nugent, P., Palmese, A., Pan, Y-C, Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Sharp, R., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Sommer, N. E., Suchyta, E., Swann, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Thomas, R. C., Tucker, B. E., Uddin, S. A., Vikram, V., Walker, A. R., & Wiseman, P.. First cosmological results using Type Ia supernovae from the Dark Energy Survey: measurement of the Hubble constant. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz978.
Macaulay, E., Nichol, R. C., Bacon, D., Brout, D., Davis, T. M., Zhang, B., Bassett, B. A., Scolnic, D., Möller, A., D’Andrea, C. B., Hinton, S. R., Kessler, R., Kim, A. G., Lasker, J., Lidman, C., Sako, M., Smith, M., Sullivan, M., Abbott, T. M. C., Allam, S., Annis, J., Asorey, J., Avila, S., Bechtol, K., Brooks, D., Brown, P., Burke, D. L., Calcino, J., Carnero Rosell, A., Carollo, D., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Collett, T., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., De Vicente, J., Diehl, H. T., Doel, P., Drlica-Wagner, A., Eifler, T. F., Estrada, J., Evrard, A. E., Filippenko, A. V., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Foley, R. J., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Galbany, L., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Glazebrook, K., González-Gaitán, S., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., Hoormann, J. K., Hoyle, B., Huterer, D., Jain, B., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kasai, E., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lewis, G. F., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Lin, H., Maia, M. A. G., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Miquel, R., Nugent, P., Palmese, A., Pan, Y-C, Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Sharp, R., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Sommer, N. E., Suchyta, E., Swann, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Thomas, R. C., Tucker, B. E., Uddin, S. A., Vikram, V., Walker, A. R., and Wiseman, P.. Tue . "First cosmological results using Type Ia supernovae from the Dark Energy Survey: measurement of the Hubble constant". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz978.
@article{osti_1510042,
title = {First cosmological results using Type Ia supernovae from the Dark Energy Survey: measurement of the Hubble constant},
author = {Macaulay, E. and Nichol, R. C. and Bacon, D. and Brout, D. and Davis, T. M. and Zhang, B. and Bassett, B. A. and Scolnic, D. and Möller, A. and D’Andrea, C. B. and Hinton, S. R. and Kessler, R. and Kim, A. G. and Lasker, J. and Lidman, C. and Sako, M. and Smith, M. and Sullivan, M. and Abbott, T. M. C. and Allam, S. and Annis, J. and Asorey, J. and Avila, S. and Bechtol, K. and Brooks, D. and Brown, P. and Burke, D. L. and Calcino, J. and Carnero Rosell, A. and Carollo, D. and Carrasco Kind, M. and Carretero, J. and Castander, F. J. and Collett, T. and Crocce, M. and Cunha, C. E. and da Costa, L. N. and Davis, C. and De Vicente, J. and Diehl, H. T. and Doel, P. and Drlica-Wagner, A. and Eifler, T. F. and Estrada, J. and Evrard, A. E. and Filippenko, A. V. and Finley, D. A. and Flaugher, B. and Foley, R. J. and Fosalba, P. and Frieman, J. and Galbany, L. and García-Bellido, J. and Gaztanaga, E. and Glazebrook, K. and González-Gaitán, S. and Gruen, D. and Gruendl, R. A. and Gschwend, J. and Gutierrez, G. and Hartley, W. G. and Hollowood, D. L. and Honscheid, K. and Hoormann, J. K. and Hoyle, B. and Huterer, D. and Jain, B. and James, D. J. and Jeltema, T. and Kasai, E. and Krause, E. and Kuehn, K. and Kuropatkin, N. and Lahav, O. and Lewis, G. F. and Li, T. S. and Lima, M. and Lin, H. and Maia, M. A. G. and Marshall, J. L. and Martini, P. and Miquel, R. and Nugent, P. and Palmese, A. and Pan, Y-C and Plazas, A. A. and Romer, A. K. and Roodman, A. and Sanchez, E. and Scarpine, V. and Schindler, R. and Schubnell, M. and Serrano, S. and Sevilla-Noarbe, I. and Sharp, R. and Soares-Santos, M. and Sobreira, F. and Sommer, N. E. and Suchyta, E. and Swann, E. and Swanson, M. E. C. and Tarle, G. and Thomas, D. and Thomas, R. C. and Tucker, B. E. and Uddin, S. A. and Vikram, V. and Walker, A. R. and Wiseman, P.},
abstractNote = {We propose an improved measurement of the Hubble Constant (H0) using the 'inverse distance ladder' method, which adds the information from 207 Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) at redshift 0.018 < z < 0.85 to existing distance measurements of 122 low redshift (z < 0.07) SNe Ia (Low-z) and measurements of Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAOs). Whereas traditional measurements of H0 with SNe Ia use a distance ladder of parallax and Cepheid variable stars, the inverse distance ladder relies on absolute distance measurements from the BAOs to calibrate the intrinsic magnitude of the SNe Ia. We find H0 = 67.77 ± 1.3 km s-1 Mpc-1 (statistical and systematic uncertainties, 68% confidence). In this work, our measurement makes minimal assumptions about the underlying cosmological model, and our analysis was blinded to reduce confirmation bias. We investigate possible systematic uncertainties and all are presently below the statistical uncertainties. Our H0 value is consistent with estimates derived from the Cosmic Microwave Background assuming a ΔCDM universe (Planck Collaboration et al. 2018).},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz978},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 2,
volume = 486,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

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