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Title: Universality in size-driven evolution towards bulk polarizability of metals

Abstract

The properties and characteristics of materials on the subnano/nano scale are very different from those of their bulk counterparts. The evolution of materials properties with size is the holy grail of nanoscience. An intriguing question then is: Can one predict what type of material (metal, semiconductor or insulator) an unidentified element will be, when in bulk quantities, solely from the properties it exhibits over a limited range of the subnano/nano size-regime? We demonstrate here that for nominally metallic elements (i.e., elements that are metals in bulk quantities) the answer to this question is “yes”, and the very identity of the element also can be established. Most importantly, we show that the phenomenon of size-induced transition to metallicity, as gauged by polarizability, is characterized by features and trends that are universal for all metals. Finally, combining numerical simulation data with an analytical model we introduce a universal constant and derive equations that express the universality explicitly.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division
  2. Central Michigan Univ., Mount Pleasant, MI (United States). Physics Dept., and Science of Advanced Materials Program
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division
OSTI Identifier:
1510021
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1471250
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; SC0001330
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nanoscale
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 37; Journal ID: ISSN 2040-3364
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; nanoscale materials; polarizability; size-driven transition to metallicity; universality

Citation Formats

Jellinek, Julius, and Jackson, Koblar A. Universality in size-driven evolution towards bulk polarizability of metals. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1039/c8nr06307a.
Jellinek, Julius, & Jackson, Koblar A. Universality in size-driven evolution towards bulk polarizability of metals. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1039/c8nr06307a
Jellinek, Julius, and Jackson, Koblar A. Fri . "Universality in size-driven evolution towards bulk polarizability of metals". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1039/c8nr06307a. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1510021.
@article{osti_1510021,
title = {Universality in size-driven evolution towards bulk polarizability of metals},
author = {Jellinek, Julius and Jackson, Koblar A.},
abstractNote = {The properties and characteristics of materials on the subnano/nano scale are very different from those of their bulk counterparts. The evolution of materials properties with size is the holy grail of nanoscience. An intriguing question then is: Can one predict what type of material (metal, semiconductor or insulator) an unidentified element will be, when in bulk quantities, solely from the properties it exhibits over a limited range of the subnano/nano size-regime? We demonstrate here that for nominally metallic elements (i.e., elements that are metals in bulk quantities) the answer to this question is “yes”, and the very identity of the element also can be established. Most importantly, we show that the phenomenon of size-induced transition to metallicity, as gauged by polarizability, is characterized by features and trends that are universal for all metals. Finally, combining numerical simulation data with an analytical model we introduce a universal constant and derive equations that express the universality explicitly.},
doi = {10.1039/c8nr06307a},
journal = {Nanoscale},
number = 37,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Most stable structures of Nan, Kn, Aln and Znn, $n$ = 20, 40 and 70. The structures for $n$=146 are derived from the corresponding icosahedral 147-mers. See the Electronic Supplementary Information for details.

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Works referenced in this record:

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    How metallic are noble-metal clusters? Static screening and polarizability in quantum-sized silver and gold nanoparticles
    journal, January 2020

    • Sinha-Roy, Rajarshi; García-González, Pablo; Weissker, Hans-Christian
    • Nanoscale, Vol. 12, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9nr08608k

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.