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Title: Catalysis Enabled by Plasma Activation of Strong Chemical Bonds: A Review

Abstract

Nonthermal plasma-driven catalysis is an emerging subfield of heterogeneous catalysis that is particularly promising for the chemical transformation of hard-to-activate molecules (e.g., N 2, CO 2, CH 4). In this Review, we illustrate this promise of plasma-enhanced catalysis, focusing on the ammonia synthesis and methane dry reforming reactions, two reactions that have received wide attention and that illustrate the potential for plasma excitations to mitigate kinetic and thermodynamic obstacles to chemical conversions. We highlight how plasma activation of reactants can provide access to overall reaction rates, conversions, product yields, and/or product distributions unattainable by thermal catalysis at similar temperatures and pressures. Particular emphasis is given to efforts aimed at discerning the underlying mechanisms at play in these systems. We discuss opportunities for and challenges to the advancement of the field.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
  2. Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States). Dept. of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1509775
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1512270
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0016543
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
ACS Energy Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Mehta, Prateek, Barboun, Patrick, Go, David B., Hicks, Jason C., and Schneider, William F. Catalysis Enabled by Plasma Activation of Strong Chemical Bonds: A Review. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.9b00263.
Mehta, Prateek, Barboun, Patrick, Go, David B., Hicks, Jason C., & Schneider, William F. Catalysis Enabled by Plasma Activation of Strong Chemical Bonds: A Review. United States. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.9b00263.
Mehta, Prateek, Barboun, Patrick, Go, David B., Hicks, Jason C., and Schneider, William F. Fri . "Catalysis Enabled by Plasma Activation of Strong Chemical Bonds: A Review". United States. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.9b00263.
@article{osti_1509775,
title = {Catalysis Enabled by Plasma Activation of Strong Chemical Bonds: A Review},
author = {Mehta, Prateek and Barboun, Patrick and Go, David B. and Hicks, Jason C. and Schneider, William F.},
abstractNote = {Nonthermal plasma-driven catalysis is an emerging subfield of heterogeneous catalysis that is particularly promising for the chemical transformation of hard-to-activate molecules (e.g., N2, CO2, CH4). In this Review, we illustrate this promise of plasma-enhanced catalysis, focusing on the ammonia synthesis and methane dry reforming reactions, two reactions that have received wide attention and that illustrate the potential for plasma excitations to mitigate kinetic and thermodynamic obstacles to chemical conversions. We highlight how plasma activation of reactants can provide access to overall reaction rates, conversions, product yields, and/or product distributions unattainable by thermal catalysis at similar temperatures and pressures. Particular emphasis is given to efforts aimed at discerning the underlying mechanisms at play in these systems. We discuss opportunities for and challenges to the advancement of the field.},
doi = {10.1021/acsenergylett.9b00263},
journal = {ACS Energy Letters},
number = 5,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.9b00263

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