skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on March 29, 2020

Title: Impacts of the consumer heterogeneity in fuel economy valuation on compliance with fuel economy standards

Abstract

This study quantified the significance of assuming heterogeneity in consumer valuation of fuel economy on the estimated compliance with fuel economy standards, with two approaches. One is mathematical derivation on how the heterogeneity affects the estimated market acceptance of high-efficiency vehicles. The other is a consumer choice based simulation method to analyze the heterogeneity impacts on the compliance with the fuel economy standards for the entire light duty vehicle fleet in the United States. Our findings suggest that the direction of the impact of heterogeneity assumption depends on market positions of high-efficiency vehicles: (1) with the “Likely-Accept” condition, where high-efficiency vehicles sell well and higher achieved fuel economy is expected, the heterogeneity assumption can add additional risks to the compliance; and (2) with the “Likely-Reject” condition where the fuel economy standards may have difficulty in compliance, the heterogeneity can reduce the risks and improve the compliance outcome. It is concluded that consideration of fuel economy valuation heterogeneity is important in fuel economy standard analysis. In conclusion, it is hoped that such consideration may provide a framework to reconcile the different views on consumer valuation of fuel economy.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. The Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); The Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1509592
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy (Oxford)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Energy (Oxford); Journal Volume: 177; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0360-5442
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; Fuel economy standards; Consumer valuation of fuel economy; Heterogeneity impacts; Light-duty vehicles; Conventional vehicles

Citation Formats

Xie, Fei, Liu, Nawei, Jin, Mingzhou, and Lin, Zhenhong. Impacts of the consumer heterogeneity in fuel economy valuation on compliance with fuel economy standards. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2019.03.151.
Xie, Fei, Liu, Nawei, Jin, Mingzhou, & Lin, Zhenhong. Impacts of the consumer heterogeneity in fuel economy valuation on compliance with fuel economy standards. United States. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2019.03.151.
Xie, Fei, Liu, Nawei, Jin, Mingzhou, and Lin, Zhenhong. Fri . "Impacts of the consumer heterogeneity in fuel economy valuation on compliance with fuel economy standards". United States. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2019.03.151.
@article{osti_1509592,
title = {Impacts of the consumer heterogeneity in fuel economy valuation on compliance with fuel economy standards},
author = {Xie, Fei and Liu, Nawei and Jin, Mingzhou and Lin, Zhenhong},
abstractNote = {This study quantified the significance of assuming heterogeneity in consumer valuation of fuel economy on the estimated compliance with fuel economy standards, with two approaches. One is mathematical derivation on how the heterogeneity affects the estimated market acceptance of high-efficiency vehicles. The other is a consumer choice based simulation method to analyze the heterogeneity impacts on the compliance with the fuel economy standards for the entire light duty vehicle fleet in the United States. Our findings suggest that the direction of the impact of heterogeneity assumption depends on market positions of high-efficiency vehicles: (1) with the “Likely-Accept” condition, where high-efficiency vehicles sell well and higher achieved fuel economy is expected, the heterogeneity assumption can add additional risks to the compliance; and (2) with the “Likely-Reject” condition where the fuel economy standards may have difficulty in compliance, the heterogeneity can reduce the risks and improve the compliance outcome. It is concluded that consideration of fuel economy valuation heterogeneity is important in fuel economy standard analysis. In conclusion, it is hoped that such consideration may provide a framework to reconcile the different views on consumer valuation of fuel economy.},
doi = {10.1016/j.energy.2019.03.151},
journal = {Energy (Oxford)},
number = C,
volume = 177,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on March 29, 2020
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share: