skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: DEMAND, a Dimensional Extreme Magnetic Neutron Diffractometer at the High Flux Isotope Reactor

Abstract

A two-dimensional (2D) Anger camera detector has been used at the HB-3A four-circle single-crystal neutron diffractometer at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) since 2013. The 2D detector has enabled the capabilities of measuring sub-mm crystals and spin density maps, enhanced the efficiency of data collection and phase transition detection, and improved the signal-to-noise ratio. Recently, the HB-3A four-circle diffractometer has been undergoing a detector upgrade towards a much larger area, magnetic-field-insensitive, Anger camera detector. The instrument will become capable of doing single-crystal neutron diffraction under ultra-low temperatures (50 mK), magnetic fields (up to 8 T), electric fields (up to 11 kV/mm), and hydrostatic high pressures (up to 45 GPa). Furthermore, half-polarized neutron diffraction is also available to measure weak ferromagnetism and local site magnetic susceptibilities. With the new high-resolution 2D detector, the four-circle diffractometer has become more powerful for studying magnetic materials under extreme sample environment conditions; hence, it has been given a new name: DEMAND.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1509548
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Crystals
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4352
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; single-crystal neutron diffraction; polarized neutron diffraction; position sensitive detector; magnetism; magnetic materials; atomic magnetic susceptibility; local magnetic susceptibility; ultra-low temperature; high pressure; Anger camera

Citation Formats

Cao, Huibo, Chakoumakos, Bryan C., Andrews, Katie M., Wu, Yan, Riedel, Richard A., Hodges, Jason P., Zhou, Wenduo, Gregory, Ray, Haberl, Bianca, Molaison, Jamie J., and Lynn, Gary W. DEMAND, a Dimensional Extreme Magnetic Neutron Diffractometer at the High Flux Isotope Reactor. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3390/cryst9010005.
Cao, Huibo, Chakoumakos, Bryan C., Andrews, Katie M., Wu, Yan, Riedel, Richard A., Hodges, Jason P., Zhou, Wenduo, Gregory, Ray, Haberl, Bianca, Molaison, Jamie J., & Lynn, Gary W. DEMAND, a Dimensional Extreme Magnetic Neutron Diffractometer at the High Flux Isotope Reactor. United States. doi:10.3390/cryst9010005.
Cao, Huibo, Chakoumakos, Bryan C., Andrews, Katie M., Wu, Yan, Riedel, Richard A., Hodges, Jason P., Zhou, Wenduo, Gregory, Ray, Haberl, Bianca, Molaison, Jamie J., and Lynn, Gary W. Fri . "DEMAND, a Dimensional Extreme Magnetic Neutron Diffractometer at the High Flux Isotope Reactor". United States. doi:10.3390/cryst9010005. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1509548.
@article{osti_1509548,
title = {DEMAND, a Dimensional Extreme Magnetic Neutron Diffractometer at the High Flux Isotope Reactor},
author = {Cao, Huibo and Chakoumakos, Bryan C. and Andrews, Katie M. and Wu, Yan and Riedel, Richard A. and Hodges, Jason P. and Zhou, Wenduo and Gregory, Ray and Haberl, Bianca and Molaison, Jamie J. and Lynn, Gary W.},
abstractNote = {A two-dimensional (2D) Anger camera detector has been used at the HB-3A four-circle single-crystal neutron diffractometer at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) since 2013. The 2D detector has enabled the capabilities of measuring sub-mm crystals and spin density maps, enhanced the efficiency of data collection and phase transition detection, and improved the signal-to-noise ratio. Recently, the HB-3A four-circle diffractometer has been undergoing a detector upgrade towards a much larger area, magnetic-field-insensitive, Anger camera detector. The instrument will become capable of doing single-crystal neutron diffraction under ultra-low temperatures (50 mK), magnetic fields (up to 8 T), electric fields (up to 11 kV/mm), and hydrostatic high pressures (up to 45 GPa). Furthermore, half-polarized neutron diffraction is also available to measure weak ferromagnetism and local site magnetic susceptibilities. With the new high-resolution 2D detector, the four-circle diffractometer has become more powerful for studying magnetic materials under extreme sample environment conditions; hence, it has been given a new name: DEMAND.},
doi = {10.3390/cryst9010005},
journal = {Crystals},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: (a) A view of the solid-state silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) made of a 2 × 2 array of sensor modules (116 mm × 116 mm). (b) DEMAND: the future view of the HB-3A single-crystal neutron diffractometer after installing the 3 × 3 SiPM Anger camera detector. The χ/φ circlesmore » shown are interchangeable with an ultra-low temperature cryostat or a cryomagnet, so the diffractometer can be run in either four-circle mode or two-axis mode, respectively.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A Mott insulator continuously connected to iron pnictide superconductors
journal, December 2016

  • Song, Yu; Yamani, Zahra; Cao, Chongde
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13879

Design and performance of a large area neutron sensitive anger camera
journal, September 2015

  • Riedel, R. A.; Donahue, C.; Visscher, T.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 794
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.05.026

Tuning the Néel Temperature of Hexagonal Ferrites by Structural Distortion
journal, December 2018


Next-generation diamond cell and applications to single-crystal neutron diffraction
journal, September 2018

  • Haberl, Bianca; Dissanayake, Sachith; Wu, Yan
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5031454

Mantid—Data analysis and visualization package for neutron scattering and μ SR experiments
journal, November 2014

  • Arnold, O.; Bilheux, J. C.; Borreguero, J. M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 764
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2014.07.029

Novel diamond cells for neutron diffraction using multi-carat CVD anvils
journal, August 2017

  • Boehler, R.; Molaison, J. J.; Haberl, B.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 88, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4997265

Giant magnetoelectric effects achieved by tuning spin cone symmetry in Y-type hexaferrites
journal, September 2017


Four-circle single-crystal neutron diffractometer at the High Flux Isotope Reactor
journal, May 2011

  • Chakoumakos, Bryan C.; Cao, Huibo; Ye, Feng
  • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 44, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1107/S0021889811012301

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.