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Title: Aerosol-Cloud-Meteorology Interaction Airborne Field Investigations: Using Lessons Learned from the US West Coast in the Design of ACTIVATE off the US East Coast

Abstract

We report on a multi-year set of airborne field campaigns (2005 – 2016) off the California coast to examine aerosols, clouds, and meteorology, and how lessons learned tie into the upcoming NASA Earth Venture Suborbital (EVS-3) campaign: Aerosol Cloud meTeorology Interactions oVer the western ATlantic Experiment (ACTIVATE) (2019–2023). The largest uncertainty in estimating global anthropogenic radiative forcing is associated with the interactions of aerosol particles with clouds, which stems from the variability of cloud systems and the multiple feedbacks that affect and hamper efforts to ascribe changes in cloud properties to aerosol perturbations. While past campaigns have been limited in flight hours and the ability to fly in and around clouds, efforts sponsored by the Office of Naval Research have resulted in 113 single aircraft flights (> 500 flight hours) in a fixed region with warm marine boundary layer clouds. All flights used nearly the same payload of instruments on a Twin Otter to fly below, in, and above clouds, producing an unprecedented dataset. We provide here (i) an overview of statistics of aerosol, cloud, and meteorological conditions encountered in those campaigns and (ii) quantification of model-relevant metrics associated with aerosol-cloud interactions leveraging the high data volume and statistics. Basedmore » on lessons learned from those flights, we describe the pragmatic innovation in sampling strategy (dual aircraft approach with combined in situ and remote sensing) that will be used in ACTIVATE to generate a dataset that can advance scientific understanding and improve physical parameterizations for Earth system and weather forecasting models, and for assessing next-generation remote sensing retrieval algorithms.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [5];  [2];  [2];  [6];  [2];  [7];  [1]; ORCiD logo [8];  [2];  [9];  [10] more »;  [5];  [2];  [2];  [9];  [3];  [11];  [1];  [7];  [2];  [12] « less
  1. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  2. NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA (United States)
  3. NASA Goddard Inst. for Space Studies (GISS), New York, NY (United States)
  4. NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA.; Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Hampton, VA.
  5. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  6. Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States)
  7. National Inst. of Aerospace, Hampton, VA (United States)
  8. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  9. NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA (United States); Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Hampton, VA (United States)
  10. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Scripps Inst. of Oceanography
  11. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  12. Univ. of Miami, FL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1508960
Report Number(s):
BNL-211587-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-0007
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-0007
Publisher:
American Meteorological Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Sorooshian, Armin, Anderson, Bruce, Bauer, Susanne E., Braun, Rachel A., Cairns, Brian, Crosbie, Ewan, Dadashazar, Hossein, Diskin, Glenn, Ferrare, Richard, Flagan, Richard C., Hair, Johnathan, Hostetler, Chris, Jonsson, Haflidi H., Kleb, Mary M., Liu, Hongyu, MacDonald, Alexander B., McComiskey, Allison, Moore, Richard, Painemal, David, Russell, Lynn M., Seinfeld, John H., Shook, Michael, Smith, William L., Thornhill, Kenneth, Tselioudis, George, Wang, Hailong, Zeng, Xubin, Zhang, Bo, Ziemba, Luke, and Zuidema, Paquita. Aerosol-Cloud-Meteorology Interaction Airborne Field Investigations: Using Lessons Learned from the US West Coast in the Design of ACTIVATE off the US East Coast. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0100.1.
Sorooshian, Armin, Anderson, Bruce, Bauer, Susanne E., Braun, Rachel A., Cairns, Brian, Crosbie, Ewan, Dadashazar, Hossein, Diskin, Glenn, Ferrare, Richard, Flagan, Richard C., Hair, Johnathan, Hostetler, Chris, Jonsson, Haflidi H., Kleb, Mary M., Liu, Hongyu, MacDonald, Alexander B., McComiskey, Allison, Moore, Richard, Painemal, David, Russell, Lynn M., Seinfeld, John H., Shook, Michael, Smith, William L., Thornhill, Kenneth, Tselioudis, George, Wang, Hailong, Zeng, Xubin, Zhang, Bo, Ziemba, Luke, & Zuidema, Paquita. Aerosol-Cloud-Meteorology Interaction Airborne Field Investigations: Using Lessons Learned from the US West Coast in the Design of ACTIVATE off the US East Coast. United States. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0100.1.
Sorooshian, Armin, Anderson, Bruce, Bauer, Susanne E., Braun, Rachel A., Cairns, Brian, Crosbie, Ewan, Dadashazar, Hossein, Diskin, Glenn, Ferrare, Richard, Flagan, Richard C., Hair, Johnathan, Hostetler, Chris, Jonsson, Haflidi H., Kleb, Mary M., Liu, Hongyu, MacDonald, Alexander B., McComiskey, Allison, Moore, Richard, Painemal, David, Russell, Lynn M., Seinfeld, John H., Shook, Michael, Smith, William L., Thornhill, Kenneth, Tselioudis, George, Wang, Hailong, Zeng, Xubin, Zhang, Bo, Ziemba, Luke, and Zuidema, Paquita. Fri . "Aerosol-Cloud-Meteorology Interaction Airborne Field Investigations: Using Lessons Learned from the US West Coast in the Design of ACTIVATE off the US East Coast". United States. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0100.1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1508960.
@article{osti_1508960,
title = {Aerosol-Cloud-Meteorology Interaction Airborne Field Investigations: Using Lessons Learned from the US West Coast in the Design of ACTIVATE off the US East Coast},
author = {Sorooshian, Armin and Anderson, Bruce and Bauer, Susanne E. and Braun, Rachel A. and Cairns, Brian and Crosbie, Ewan and Dadashazar, Hossein and Diskin, Glenn and Ferrare, Richard and Flagan, Richard C. and Hair, Johnathan and Hostetler, Chris and Jonsson, Haflidi H. and Kleb, Mary M. and Liu, Hongyu and MacDonald, Alexander B. and McComiskey, Allison and Moore, Richard and Painemal, David and Russell, Lynn M. and Seinfeld, John H. and Shook, Michael and Smith, William L. and Thornhill, Kenneth and Tselioudis, George and Wang, Hailong and Zeng, Xubin and Zhang, Bo and Ziemba, Luke and Zuidema, Paquita},
abstractNote = {We report on a multi-year set of airborne field campaigns (2005 – 2016) off the California coast to examine aerosols, clouds, and meteorology, and how lessons learned tie into the upcoming NASA Earth Venture Suborbital (EVS-3) campaign: Aerosol Cloud meTeorology Interactions oVer the western ATlantic Experiment (ACTIVATE) (2019–2023). The largest uncertainty in estimating global anthropogenic radiative forcing is associated with the interactions of aerosol particles with clouds, which stems from the variability of cloud systems and the multiple feedbacks that affect and hamper efforts to ascribe changes in cloud properties to aerosol perturbations. While past campaigns have been limited in flight hours and the ability to fly in and around clouds, efforts sponsored by the Office of Naval Research have resulted in 113 single aircraft flights (> 500 flight hours) in a fixed region with warm marine boundary layer clouds. All flights used nearly the same payload of instruments on a Twin Otter to fly below, in, and above clouds, producing an unprecedented dataset. We provide here (i) an overview of statistics of aerosol, cloud, and meteorological conditions encountered in those campaigns and (ii) quantification of model-relevant metrics associated with aerosol-cloud interactions leveraging the high data volume and statistics. Based on lessons learned from those flights, we describe the pragmatic innovation in sampling strategy (dual aircraft approach with combined in situ and remote sensing) that will be used in ACTIVATE to generate a dataset that can advance scientific understanding and improve physical parameterizations for Earth system and weather forecasting models, and for assessing next-generation remote sensing retrieval algorithms.},
doi = {10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0100.1},
journal = {Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

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