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Title: Desiccation cracks provide evidence of lake drying on Mars, Sutton Island member, Murray formation, Gale Crater

Abstract

Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Curiosity rover data are used to describe the morphology of desiccation cracks observed in ancient lacustrine strata at Gale crater, Mars, and to interpret their paleoenvironmental setting. The desiccation cracks indicate subaerial exposure of lacustrine facies in the Sutton Island member of the Murray formation. In association with ripple cross-stratification and possible eolian cross-bedding, these facies indicate a transition from longer-lived perennial lakes recorded by older strata to younger lakes characterized by intermittent exposure. The transition from perennial to episodically exposed lacustrine environments provides evidence for local to regional climate change that can help constrain Mars climate models.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [1];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [3];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [14];  [1];  [15]; ORCiD logo [16] more »;  [17];  [9];  [9];  [18];  [9] « less
  1. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  2. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)
  3. CNRS/Univ. Nantes, Nantes (France)
  4. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  5. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  6. Univ. of Western Ontario, London, ON (Canada)
  7. Univ. of New Brunswick, NB (Canada)
  8. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  9. Univ. de Toulouse, Toulouse (France)
  10. Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  11. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
  12. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  13. The Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
  14. Imperial College London, London (United Kingdom)
  15. Univ. of Guelph, Guelph, ON (Canada)
  16. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  17. Univ. of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark)
  18. Université de Lorraine, 54000 Nancy, France
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1508553
Report Number(s):
[LA-UR-18-28853]
[Journal ID: ISSN 0091-7613]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[89233218CNA000001]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geology
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 6]; Journal ID: ISSN 0091-7613
Publisher:
Geological Society of America
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; Planetary Sciences

Citation Formats

Stein, N., Grotzinger, J. P., Schieber, J., Mangold, N., Hallet, B., Newsom, H., Stack, K. M., Berger, J. A., Thompson, Lucy, Siebach, K. L., Cousin, A., Le Mouélic, Stephane, Minitti, M., Sumner, D. Y., Fedo, C., House, C. H., Gupta, S., Vasavada, A. R., Gellert, R., Wiens, Roger Craig, Frydenvang, J., Forni, O., Meslin, P. Y., Payré, V., and Dehouck, E. Desiccation cracks provide evidence of lake drying on Mars, Sutton Island member, Murray formation, Gale Crater. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1130/G40005.1.
Stein, N., Grotzinger, J. P., Schieber, J., Mangold, N., Hallet, B., Newsom, H., Stack, K. M., Berger, J. A., Thompson, Lucy, Siebach, K. L., Cousin, A., Le Mouélic, Stephane, Minitti, M., Sumner, D. Y., Fedo, C., House, C. H., Gupta, S., Vasavada, A. R., Gellert, R., Wiens, Roger Craig, Frydenvang, J., Forni, O., Meslin, P. Y., Payré, V., & Dehouck, E. Desiccation cracks provide evidence of lake drying on Mars, Sutton Island member, Murray formation, Gale Crater. United States. doi:10.1130/G40005.1.
Stein, N., Grotzinger, J. P., Schieber, J., Mangold, N., Hallet, B., Newsom, H., Stack, K. M., Berger, J. A., Thompson, Lucy, Siebach, K. L., Cousin, A., Le Mouélic, Stephane, Minitti, M., Sumner, D. Y., Fedo, C., House, C. H., Gupta, S., Vasavada, A. R., Gellert, R., Wiens, Roger Craig, Frydenvang, J., Forni, O., Meslin, P. Y., Payré, V., and Dehouck, E. Mon . "Desiccation cracks provide evidence of lake drying on Mars, Sutton Island member, Murray formation, Gale Crater". United States. doi:10.1130/G40005.1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1508553.
@article{osti_1508553,
title = {Desiccation cracks provide evidence of lake drying on Mars, Sutton Island member, Murray formation, Gale Crater},
author = {Stein, N. and Grotzinger, J. P. and Schieber, J. and Mangold, N. and Hallet, B. and Newsom, H. and Stack, K. M. and Berger, J. A. and Thompson, Lucy and Siebach, K. L. and Cousin, A. and Le Mouélic, Stephane and Minitti, M. and Sumner, D. Y. and Fedo, C. and House, C. H. and Gupta, S. and Vasavada, A. R. and Gellert, R. and Wiens, Roger Craig and Frydenvang, J. and Forni, O. and Meslin, P. Y. and Payré, V. and Dehouck, E.},
abstractNote = {Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Curiosity rover data are used to describe the morphology of desiccation cracks observed in ancient lacustrine strata at Gale crater, Mars, and to interpret their paleoenvironmental setting. The desiccation cracks indicate subaerial exposure of lacustrine facies in the Sutton Island member of the Murray formation. In association with ripple cross-stratification and possible eolian cross-bedding, these facies indicate a transition from longer-lived perennial lakes recorded by older strata to younger lakes characterized by intermittent exposure. The transition from perennial to episodically exposed lacustrine environments provides evidence for local to regional climate change that can help constrain Mars climate models.},
doi = {10.1130/G40005.1},
journal = {Geology},
number = [6],
volume = [46],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

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Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 12 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Stratigraphic column for the sedimentary facies of the Murray formation, Mars. Old Soaker (OS) rock slab is in the heterolithic facies of the Sutton Island member of the Murray formation. El.—elevation; Lam.—laminated.

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Works referenced in this record:

Ancient Martian aeolian processes and palaeomorphology reconstructed from the Stimson formation on the lower slope of Aeolis Mons, Gale crater, Mars
journal, April 2018

  • Banham, Steven G.; Gupta, Sanjeev; Rubin, David M.
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Stratigraphy and sedimentology of a dry to wet eolian depositional system, Burns formation, Meridiani Planum, Mars
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A Habitable Fluvio-Lacustrine Environment at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars
journal, December 2013


Deposition, exhumation, and paleoclimate of an ancient lake deposit, Gale crater, Mars
journal, October 2015


Redox stratification of an ancient lake in Gale crater, Mars
journal, June 2017


Chemistry of diagenetic features analyzed by ChemCam at Pahrump Hills, Gale crater, Mars
journal, January 2017


Mineralogy of an ancient lacustrine mudstone succession from the Murray formation, Gale crater, Mars
journal, August 2017


Development and geometry of isotropic and directional shrinkage-crack patterns
journal, June 2000

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Resurfacing time of terrestrial surfaces by the formation and maturation of polygonal patterned ground
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Martian Fluvial Conglomerates at Gale Crater
journal, May 2013

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  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1237317

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    High Survivability of Micrometeorites on Mars: Sites With Enhanced Availability of Limiting Nutrients
    journal, July 2019

    • Tomkins, Andrew G.; Genge, Matthew J.; Tait, Alastair W.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, Vol. 124, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1029/2019je006005

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.