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Title: The volumetric rate of normal type Ia supernovae in the local Universe discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory

Abstract

We present the volumetric rate of normal type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF). Using strict data-quality cuts, and considering only periods when the PTF maintained a regular cadence, PTF discovered 90 SNe Ia at $$z\le0.09$$ in a well-controlled sample over three years of operation (2010-2012). We use this to calculate the volumetric rate of SN Ia events by comparing this sample to simulations of hundreds of millions of SN Ia light curves produced in statistically representative realisations of the PTF survey. This quantifies the recovery efficiency of each PTF SN Ia event, and thus the relative weighting of each event. From this, the volumetric SN Ia rate was found to be $$r_v=2.43\pm0.29\,\text{(stat)}_{-0.19}^{+0.33}\text{(sys)}\times10^{-5}\,\text{SNe yr}^{-1}\,\text{Mpc}^{-3}\, h_{70}^{3}$$. This represents the most precise local measurement of the SN Ia rate. We fit a simple SN Ia delay-time distribution model, $$\propto\mathrm{t}^{-\beta}$$, to our PTF rate measurement combined with a literature sample of rate measurements from surveys at higher-redshifts. We find $$\beta{\sim}1$$, consistent with a progenitor channel governed by the gravitational in-spiral of binary white dwarfs.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [7];  [7]; ORCiD logo [8];  [9];  [10];  [11]
  1. Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3FX, UK, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
  3. Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411, USA, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
  4. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
  5. Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411, USA
  6. Astrophysics Science Division, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Mail Code 661, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA, Joint Space-Science Institute, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
  7. Cahill Centre for Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
  8. School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK
  9. Benoziyo Center for Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100 Rehovot, Israel
  10. School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel
  11. Department of Astronomy/Mount Laguna Observatory, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92812-1221, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1508176
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Journal Volume: 486 Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Frohmaier, C., Sullivan, M., Nugent, P. E., Smith, M., Dimitriadis, G., Bloom, J. S., Cenko, S. B., Kasliwal, M. M., Kulkarni, S. R., Maguire, K., Ofek, E. O., Poznanski, D., and Quimby, R. M. The volumetric rate of normal type Ia supernovae in the local Universe discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz807.
Frohmaier, C., Sullivan, M., Nugent, P. E., Smith, M., Dimitriadis, G., Bloom, J. S., Cenko, S. B., Kasliwal, M. M., Kulkarni, S. R., Maguire, K., Ofek, E. O., Poznanski, D., & Quimby, R. M. The volumetric rate of normal type Ia supernovae in the local Universe discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory. United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz807.
Frohmaier, C., Sullivan, M., Nugent, P. E., Smith, M., Dimitriadis, G., Bloom, J. S., Cenko, S. B., Kasliwal, M. M., Kulkarni, S. R., Maguire, K., Ofek, E. O., Poznanski, D., and Quimby, R. M. Tue . "The volumetric rate of normal type Ia supernovae in the local Universe discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory". United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz807.
@article{osti_1508176,
title = {The volumetric rate of normal type Ia supernovae in the local Universe discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory},
author = {Frohmaier, C. and Sullivan, M. and Nugent, P. E. and Smith, M. and Dimitriadis, G. and Bloom, J. S. and Cenko, S. B. and Kasliwal, M. M. and Kulkarni, S. R. and Maguire, K. and Ofek, E. O. and Poznanski, D. and Quimby, R. M.},
abstractNote = {We present the volumetric rate of normal type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF). Using strict data-quality cuts, and considering only periods when the PTF maintained a regular cadence, PTF discovered 90 SNe Ia at $z\le0.09$ in a well-controlled sample over three years of operation (2010-2012). We use this to calculate the volumetric rate of SN Ia events by comparing this sample to simulations of hundreds of millions of SN Ia light curves produced in statistically representative realisations of the PTF survey. This quantifies the recovery efficiency of each PTF SN Ia event, and thus the relative weighting of each event. From this, the volumetric SN Ia rate was found to be $r_v=2.43\pm0.29\,\text{(stat)}_{-0.19}^{+0.33}\text{(sys)}\times10^{-5}\,\text{SNe yr}^{-1}\,\text{Mpc}^{-3}\, h_{70}^{3}$. This represents the most precise local measurement of the SN Ia rate. We fit a simple SN Ia delay-time distribution model, $\propto\mathrm{t}^{-\beta}$, to our PTF rate measurement combined with a literature sample of rate measurements from surveys at higher-redshifts. We find $\beta{\sim}1$, consistent with a progenitor channel governed by the gravitational in-spiral of binary white dwarfs.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz807},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 2,
volume = 486,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz807

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