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Title: Urban pollution greatly enhances formation of natural aerosols over the Amazon rainforest

Abstract

One of the least understood aspects in atmospheric chemistry is how urban emissions influence the formation of natural organic aerosols, which affect Earth’s energy budget. The Amazon rainforest, during its wet season, is one of the few remaining places on Earth where atmospheric chemistry transitions between preindustrial and urban pollution-influenced conditions. Here we integrate insights from several laboratory measurements and simulate the formation of secondary organic aerosols (SOA) in the Amazon using a high-resolution chemical transport model. Simulations show that urban emissions of oxides of nitrogen from Manaus, a city of ~2 million people, greatly enhance production of biogenic SOA by 60-200% on average with peak enhancements of 400%, through the increased oxidation of gas-phase organic carbon emitted by the forests. Simulated enhancements agree with aircraft measurements, and are much larger than those reported over other locations. Furthermore, the implication is that increasing anthropogenic emissions in future years might substantially enhance biogenic SOA formation in pristine locations like the Amazon.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1507372
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1491678
Report Number(s):
BNL-210907-2019-JAAM; PNNL-SA-133689
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Secondary organic aerosol; biogenic; oxidants; Amazon; enhance

Citation Formats

Shrivastava, Manish, Andreae, Meinrat O., Artaxo, Paulo, Barbosa, Henrique M. J., Berg, Larry K., Brito, Joel, Ching, Joseph, Easter, Richard C., Fan, Jiwen, Fast, Jerome D., Feng, Zhe, Fuentes, Jose D., Glasius, Marianne, Goldstein, Allen H., Alves, Eliane Gomes, Gomes, Helber, Gu, Dasa, Guenther, Alex, Jathar, Shantanu H., Kim, Saewung, Liu, Ying, Lou, Sijia, Martin, Scot T., McNeill, V. Faye, Medeiros, Adan, de Sá, Suzane S., Shilling, John E., Springston, Stephen R., Souza, R. A. F., Thornton, Joel A., Isaacman-VanWertz, Gabriel, Yee, Lindsay D., Ynoue, Rita, Zaveri, Rahul A., Zelenyuk, Alla, and Zhao, Chun. Urban pollution greatly enhances formation of natural aerosols over the Amazon rainforest. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-08909-4.
Shrivastava, Manish, Andreae, Meinrat O., Artaxo, Paulo, Barbosa, Henrique M. J., Berg, Larry K., Brito, Joel, Ching, Joseph, Easter, Richard C., Fan, Jiwen, Fast, Jerome D., Feng, Zhe, Fuentes, Jose D., Glasius, Marianne, Goldstein, Allen H., Alves, Eliane Gomes, Gomes, Helber, Gu, Dasa, Guenther, Alex, Jathar, Shantanu H., Kim, Saewung, Liu, Ying, Lou, Sijia, Martin, Scot T., McNeill, V. Faye, Medeiros, Adan, de Sá, Suzane S., Shilling, John E., Springston, Stephen R., Souza, R. A. F., Thornton, Joel A., Isaacman-VanWertz, Gabriel, Yee, Lindsay D., Ynoue, Rita, Zaveri, Rahul A., Zelenyuk, Alla, & Zhao, Chun. Urban pollution greatly enhances formation of natural aerosols over the Amazon rainforest. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-08909-4.
Shrivastava, Manish, Andreae, Meinrat O., Artaxo, Paulo, Barbosa, Henrique M. J., Berg, Larry K., Brito, Joel, Ching, Joseph, Easter, Richard C., Fan, Jiwen, Fast, Jerome D., Feng, Zhe, Fuentes, Jose D., Glasius, Marianne, Goldstein, Allen H., Alves, Eliane Gomes, Gomes, Helber, Gu, Dasa, Guenther, Alex, Jathar, Shantanu H., Kim, Saewung, Liu, Ying, Lou, Sijia, Martin, Scot T., McNeill, V. Faye, Medeiros, Adan, de Sá, Suzane S., Shilling, John E., Springston, Stephen R., Souza, R. A. F., Thornton, Joel A., Isaacman-VanWertz, Gabriel, Yee, Lindsay D., Ynoue, Rita, Zaveri, Rahul A., Zelenyuk, Alla, and Zhao, Chun. Tue . "Urban pollution greatly enhances formation of natural aerosols over the Amazon rainforest". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-08909-4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1507372.
@article{osti_1507372,
title = {Urban pollution greatly enhances formation of natural aerosols over the Amazon rainforest},
author = {Shrivastava, Manish and Andreae, Meinrat O. and Artaxo, Paulo and Barbosa, Henrique M. J. and Berg, Larry K. and Brito, Joel and Ching, Joseph and Easter, Richard C. and Fan, Jiwen and Fast, Jerome D. and Feng, Zhe and Fuentes, Jose D. and Glasius, Marianne and Goldstein, Allen H. and Alves, Eliane Gomes and Gomes, Helber and Gu, Dasa and Guenther, Alex and Jathar, Shantanu H. and Kim, Saewung and Liu, Ying and Lou, Sijia and Martin, Scot T. and McNeill, V. Faye and Medeiros, Adan and de Sá, Suzane S. and Shilling, John E. and Springston, Stephen R. and Souza, R. A. F. and Thornton, Joel A. and Isaacman-VanWertz, Gabriel and Yee, Lindsay D. and Ynoue, Rita and Zaveri, Rahul A. and Zelenyuk, Alla and Zhao, Chun},
abstractNote = {One of the least understood aspects in atmospheric chemistry is how urban emissions influence the formation of natural organic aerosols, which affect Earth’s energy budget. The Amazon rainforest, during its wet season, is one of the few remaining places on Earth where atmospheric chemistry transitions between preindustrial and urban pollution-influenced conditions. Here we integrate insights from several laboratory measurements and simulate the formation of secondary organic aerosols (SOA) in the Amazon using a high-resolution chemical transport model. Simulations show that urban emissions of oxides of nitrogen from Manaus, a city of ~2 million people, greatly enhance production of biogenic SOA by 60-200% on average with peak enhancements of 400%, through the increased oxidation of gas-phase organic carbon emitted by the forests. Simulated enhancements agree with aircraft measurements, and are much larger than those reported over other locations. Furthermore, the implication is that increasing anthropogenic emissions in future years might substantially enhance biogenic SOA formation in pristine locations like the Amazon.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-019-08909-4},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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  • Hoyle, C. R.; Boy, M.; Donahue, N. M.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-321-2011

simpleGAMMA v1.0 – a reduced model of secondary organic aerosol formation in the aqueous aerosol phase (aaSOA)
journal, January 2015


Eddy covariance measurements of nitric oxide flux within an Amazonian rain forest
journal, January 2002


Rainforest Aerosols as Biogenic Nuclei of Clouds and Precipitation in the Amazon
journal, September 2010


Sensitivity of biogenic volatile organic compounds to land surface parameterizations and vegetation distributions in California
journal, January 2016

  • Zhao, Chun; Huang, Maoyi; Fast, Jerome D.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 9, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-9-1959-2016

Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from reaction of isoprene with nitrate radicals (NO 3 )
journal, January 2008

  • Ng, N. L.; Kwan, A. J.; Surratt, J. D.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 8, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-8-4117-2008

Implications of low volatility SOA and gas-phase fragmentation reactions on SOA loadings and their spatial and temporal evolution in the atmosphere: LOW VOLATILITY SOA AND GAS FRAGMENTATION
journal, April 2013

  • Shrivastava, Manish; Zelenyuk, Alla; Imre, Dan
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 118, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50160

Chemistry of secondary organic aerosol: Formation and evolution of low-volatility organics in the atmosphere
journal, May 2008


Contributions of mobile, stationary and biogenic sources to air pollution in the Amazon rainforest: a numerical study with the WRF-Chem model
journal, January 2017

  • Abou Rafee, Sameh A.; Martins, Leila D.; Kawashima, Ana B.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-7977-2017

An Observational Perspective on the Atmospheric Impacts of Alkyl and Multifunctional Nitrates on Ozone and Secondary Organic Aerosol
journal, April 2013

  • Perring, A. E.; Pusede, S. E.; Cohen, R. C.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 113, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr300520x

Empirical model of global soil-biogenic NO χ emissions
journal, January 1995

  • Yienger, J. J.; Levy, H.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 100, Issue D6
  • DOI: 10.1029/95JD00370

To What Extent Can Biogenic SOA be Controlled?
journal, May 2010

  • Carlton, Annmarie G.; Pinder, Robert W.; Bhave, Prakash V.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 44, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/es903506b

Unexpected Epoxide Formation in the Gas-Phase Photooxidation of Isoprene
journal, August 2009


Kinetics and Products of the Acid-Catalyzed Ring-Opening of Atmospherically Relevant Butyl Epoxy Alcohols
journal, August 2010

  • Eddingsaas, Nathan C.; VanderVelde, David G.; Wennberg, Paul O.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 114, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp103907c

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change
journal, October 1998

  • Seinfeld, John H.; Pandis, Spyros N.; Noone, Kevin
  • Physics Today, Vol. 51, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.882420

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    New Particle Formation in the Atmosphere: From Molecular Clusters to Global Climate
    journal, July 2019

    • Lee, Shan-Hu; Gordon, Hamish; Yu, Huan
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 124, Issue 13
    • DOI: 10.1029/2018jd029356