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Title: Foraging for dark matter in large volume liquid scintillator neutrino detectors with multiscatter events

Abstract

We show that dark matter with a per-nucleon scattering cross section ≳10-28 cm2 could be discovered by liquid scintillator neutrino detectors like BOREXINO, SNO+, and JUNO. Due to the large dark matter fluxes admitted, these detectors could find dark matter with masses up to 1021 GeV, surpassing the mass sensitivity of current direct detection experiments (such as XENON1T and PICO) by over two orders of magnitude. We derive the spin-independent and spin-dependent cross section sensitivity of these detectors using existing selection triggers, and propose an improved trigger program that enhances this sensitivity by two orders of magnitude. We interpret these sensitivities in terms of three dark matter scenarios: (1) effective contact operators for scattering, (2) QCD-charged dark matter, and (3) a recently proposed model of Planck-mass baryon-charged dark matter. We calculate the flux attenuation of dark matter at these detectors due to the earth overburden, taking into account the earth's density profile and elemental composition, and nuclear spins.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1507221
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1597774
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0010504; PHY-1066293; PHY-1719271
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review D Journal Volume: 99 Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Particle dark matter

Citation Formats

Bramante, Joseph, Broerman, Benjamin, Kumar, Jason, Lang, Rafael F., Pospelov, Maxim, and Raj, Nirmal. Foraging for dark matter in large volume liquid scintillator neutrino detectors with multiscatter events. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.99.083010.
Bramante, Joseph, Broerman, Benjamin, Kumar, Jason, Lang, Rafael F., Pospelov, Maxim, & Raj, Nirmal. Foraging for dark matter in large volume liquid scintillator neutrino detectors with multiscatter events. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.99.083010.
Bramante, Joseph, Broerman, Benjamin, Kumar, Jason, Lang, Rafael F., Pospelov, Maxim, and Raj, Nirmal. Tue . "Foraging for dark matter in large volume liquid scintillator neutrino detectors with multiscatter events". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.99.083010.
@article{osti_1507221,
title = {Foraging for dark matter in large volume liquid scintillator neutrino detectors with multiscatter events},
author = {Bramante, Joseph and Broerman, Benjamin and Kumar, Jason and Lang, Rafael F. and Pospelov, Maxim and Raj, Nirmal},
abstractNote = {We show that dark matter with a per-nucleon scattering cross section ≳10-28 cm2 could be discovered by liquid scintillator neutrino detectors like BOREXINO, SNO+, and JUNO. Due to the large dark matter fluxes admitted, these detectors could find dark matter with masses up to 1021 GeV, surpassing the mass sensitivity of current direct detection experiments (such as XENON1T and PICO) by over two orders of magnitude. We derive the spin-independent and spin-dependent cross section sensitivity of these detectors using existing selection triggers, and propose an improved trigger program that enhances this sensitivity by two orders of magnitude. We interpret these sensitivities in terms of three dark matter scenarios: (1) effective contact operators for scattering, (2) QCD-charged dark matter, and (3) a recently proposed model of Planck-mass baryon-charged dark matter. We calculate the flux attenuation of dark matter at these detectors due to the earth overburden, taking into account the earth's density profile and elemental composition, and nuclear spins.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.99.083010},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 8,
volume = 99,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.99.083010

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Not as big as a barn: Upper bounds on dark matter-nucleus cross sections
    journal, September 2019


    Dark matter astrometry at underground detectors with multiscatter events
    journal, December 2019


    Terrestrial and martian heat flow limits on dark matter
    journal, February 2020